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Anti-Chaining Laws

Page Updated Sept. 2017

Visit our How You Can Improve Laws page for a step-by-step guide to passing a law in your community. Citizens across the U.S. are successfully lobbying for new laws. You can do it, too!

Please use any of the following materials as needed; you do not need my written permission.

If you are working on a law, please do not suggest one that allows trolleys! I personally know of dogs who strangled and died on trolleys. The same problems apply re: lack of socialization, dangers to children, etc.
 
Educational Power Point (PPT file for general audiences) Petition Flyer/Cover Sheet
Educational Power Point (PDF file for general audiences) How Chaining Laws Work in 7 Communities
Ordinance Power Point (PPT file for law makers)
     View speakers notes for instructions on using
How Enforceable Will Our Law Be?
Chaining Q & A Word Animal Control Interviews re: Chaining Bans
Chaining Q & A PDF How Laws Impact Loose Dogs/Dog Bites
Photos of Injured Children and Chained Dogs PDF Visit DDB, HelpingAnimals, ASPCA, and HSUS for more resources!

Visit Current Legislation on Tethering Dogs for a more extensive list than mine! Animallaw.info is another good source of information. The City of Suffolk, VA put out an excellent brochure on their law and why it was passed.

If you know of a law that needs to be added, please email creabird7 AT gmail DOT com

Statewide Laws

California

Louisiana Pennsylvania
Connecticut Maryland Rhode Island
Delaware Maine Tennessee
District of Columbia Massachusetts Texas
Hawaii Michigan Vermont
Illinois Nevada Virginia
Indiana Oregon Washington
    West Virginia
See American Vet Medicine August Foundation 2012 article on state laws/restrictions
 
Communities that Prohibit Chaining
Phoenix, Arizona    
Tucson, Arizona    

Fayetteville, Arkansas

Fulton County, Georgia Brunswick, Ohio
Maumelle, Arkansas Gwinett County, Georgia New Richmond, Ohio
West Memphis, Arkansas Houston County, Georgia Altus, Oklahoma
  Macon/Bibb County, Georgia* Chickasha, Oklahoma
  Monroe, Georgia Lawton, Oklahoma
Collier County, Florida Terrell County, Georgia Beaufort, South Carolina
Escambia County Florida Terre Haute, Indiana Greer, South Carolina
Fernandina Beach, Florida Frankfort, Kentucky York County, South Carolina
Hallandale Beach, Florida Gramercy, Louisiana Arlington, Texas
Hernando County, Florida Queen Anne's County, Maryland Austin, Texas
Hillsborough County, Florida Hastings, Minnesota Big Spring, Texas
Lake County, Florida Carthage, Missouri  
Manatee County, Florida    
Marion County, Florida Columbia, Missouri Dallas, Texas
Martin County, Florida Raytown, Missouri Electra, Texas
Miami, Florida Bernalillo County, New Mexico Galveston, Texas
Mount Dora, Florida Los Ranchos, New Mexico Georgetown, Texas
Okaloosa, Florida Santa Fe County, New Mexico Fort Worth, Texas
Palm Beach County, Florida Asheville, North Carolina Irving, Texas
Pasco County, Florida Cary, North Carolina Live Oak, Texas
Pembroke Park, Florida Chapel Hill, North Carolina Mineola, Texas
  Clayton, North Carolina  
Pinellas County, Florida Cumberland County, North Carolina Nassau Bay, Texas
Sarasota, Florida Davidson, North Carolina Texas City, Texas
Seminole Florida Durham County, North Carolina Wichita Falls, Texas
St. Lucie, Florida Enfield, North Carolina Cape Charles, Virginia
Athens-Clarke Cty, Georgia Forsyth County, North Carolina Hampton, Virginia
Augusta, Georgia   Norfolk, Virginia
Bainbridge, Georgia    
Bibb Cty, Georgia    
Blakely, Georgia Guilford County, North Carolina  
Chatham County, Georgia New Hanover, North Carolina Suffolk, Virginia
Douglas County, Georgia Ronoke Rapids, North Carolina Huntington, West Virgnia
Cobb County, Georgia Weldon, North Carolina Kanawha County, West Virginia
  Woodland, North Carolina  
     
 
Communities that Limit Chaining by Time

North Little Rock, Arkansas

Louisville, Kentucky

Albuquerque, New Mexico

Fort Smith, Arkansas Baker, Louisiana Laurinburg, North Carolina
Jonesboro, Arkansas    
Stuttgart, Arkansas    
Texarkana, Arkansas    

Los Angeles, California

Denham County, Louisiana Scotland County, North Carolina

Kern County, California

East Longmeadow, Massachusetts North Royalton, Ohio

San Bernardino, California

Carroll County, Maryland Chagrin Falls, Ohio
Sonoma County, California    
New Brunswick, Canada Frederick County, Maryland Middletown, Ohio

Denver, Colorado

Battle Creek, Michigan Bartlesville, Oklahoma
Smyrna, Delaware Red Lake Falls, Minnesota Multnomah County, Oregon
Alachua County, Florida    
Coconut Creek, Florida    

Dania, Florida

St. Paul, Minnesota Hazleton, Pennsylvania

Ft. Lauderdale, Florida

Creve Coeur, Missouri Oak Ridge, Tennessee

Hollywood, Florida

O'Fallon, Missouri Montgomery County, Tennessee
Jacksonville, Florida    
Nassau County, Florida    

Oakland Park, Florida

Laurinburg, North Carolina Grand Prairie, Texas
Orange County, Florida    

West Palm Beach, Florida

Orange County, North Carolina Arlington County, Virginia

Wilton Manors, Florida

Camden, New Jersey Danville, Virginia

Orange County, Florida

Folsom, New Jersey Fairfax City, Virginia
Pembroke Park, Florida Lower Township, New Jersey Northampton County, Virginia
Tarpon Springs, Florida Ocean City, New Jersey Newport News, Virginia
DeKalb County, Georgia Sea Isle City, New Jersey  
Bloomington, Indiana Wildwood, New Jersey Smithfield, Virginia
Indianapolis, Indiana Wildwood Crest, New Jersey Staunton Virginia
Marion, Indiana Canandaigua, New York Richmond, Virginia
Dodge City, Kansas New York City, New York Virginia Beach, Virginia
Lawrence, Kansas Suffolk County, New York Moundsville, West Virginia
Leavenworth, Kansas Huntington West Virginia Charleston, West Virginia
Overland Park, Kansas   Linn, Wisconsin
Topeka, Kansas   Racine, Wisconsin
Wichita, Kansas    
Jefferson County, Kentucky    
 
Communities that Permit Tethering if Other Conditions are Met (including trolleys)

Fairhope, Alabama

Larimer County, Colorado Kansas City, Missouri

Little Rock, Arkansas

   
  Bonita Springs, Florida  
  Lee County, Florida  
  Leon County, Florida  
Lowell, Arkansas DeKalb County, Georgia Lincoln, Nebraska
  Statham, Georgia  

North Little Rock, Arkansas

Aurora, Illinois Dennis Township, New Jersey
Springdale, Arkansas Noblesville, Indiana Silver City, New Mexico

Hemet, California

  Catawba County, North Carolina

Freemont, California

Bowling Green, Kentucky Greenville,  North Carolina

San Bernardino, California

Baton Rouge, Louisiana Surry, North Carolina
    York County, South Carolina

San Diego, California

Ouachita, Louisiana Allen, Texas
    Corsicana, Texas

San Francisco, California

St. Charles Parish, Louisiana Lubbock, Texas

San Jose, California

Montgomery County, Maryland Richland Hills, Texas
    Washington D.C.
     


Statewide Laws

California
2006

Health and Safety Code, Division 105, Part 6
Chapter 8. Dog Tethering
(b) No person shall tether, fasten, chain, tie, or restrain a dog, or cause a dog to be tethered, fastened, chained, tied, or restrained, to a dog house, tree, fence, or any other stationary object.

(c) Notwithstanding subdivision (b), a person may do any of the following in accordance with Section 597t of the Penal Code:
(1) Attach a dog to a running line, pulley, or trolley system. A dog shall not be tethered to the running line, pulley, or trolley system by means of a choke collar or pinch collar.
(2) Tether, fasten, chain, tie, or otherwise restrain a dog pursuant to the requirements of a camping or recreational area.
(3) Tether, fasten, chain, or tie a dog no longer than is necessary for the person to complete a temporary task that requires the dog to be restrained for a reasonable period.
(4) Tether, fasten, chain, or tie a dog while engaged in, or actively training for, an activity that is conducted pursuant to a valid license issued by the State of California if the activity for which the license is issued is associated with the use or presence of a dog. Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to prohibit a person from restraining a dog while participating in activities or using accommodations that are reasonably associated with the licensed activity.
(5) Tether, fasten, chain, or tie a dog while actively engaged in any of the following:
(A) Conduct that is directly related to the business of shepherding or herding cattle or livestock.
(B) Conduct that is directly related to the business of cultivating agricultural products, if the restraint is         reasonably necessary for the safety of the dog.

(d) A person who violates this chapter is guilty of an infraction or a misdemeanor.
(1) An infraction under this chapter is punishable upon conviction by a fine of up to two hundred fifty dollars ($250) as to each dog with respect to which a violation occurs.
(2) A misdemeanor under this chapter is punishable upon conviction by a fine of up to one thousand dollars ($1,000) as to each dog with respect to which a violation occurs, or imprisonment in a county jail for not more than six months, or both.
(3) Notwithstanding subdivision (d), animal control may issue a correction warning to a person who violates this chapter, requiring the owner to correct the violation, in lieu of an infraction or misdemeanor, unless the violation endangers the health or safety of the animal, the animal has been wounded as a result of the violation, or a correction warning has previously been issued to the individual.

(e) Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to prohibit a person from walking a dog with a hand-held leash.


Connecticut

Chapter 435. Dogs and Other Companion Animals. Kennels and Pet Shops

Sec. 22-350a. Tethering and confining of dog for unreasonable period of time. Fine.

Any person who confines or tethers a dog for an unreasonable period of time shall be fined not more than one hundred dollars for the first offense, not less than one hundred dollars or more than two hundred fifty dollars for a second offense, and not less than two hundred fifty dollars or more than five hundred dollars for any subsequent offense.

 

 


State of Connecticut
General Assembly, Committee Bill No. 6038

January Session, 2003

AN ACT CONCERNING THE CONFINEMENT AND TETHERING OF DOGS.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Assembly convened:

Section 1. Subsection (a) of section 53-247 of the general statutes is repealed and the following is substituted in lieu thereof (Effective October 1, 2003):

(a) Any person who overdrives, drives when overloaded, overworks, tortures, deprives of necessary sustenance, mutilates or cruelly beats or kills or unjustifiably injures any animal, or who, having impounded or confined any animal, fails to give such animal proper care or neglects to cage or restrain any such animal from doing injury to itself or to another animal or fails to supply any such animal with wholesome air, food and water, or confines or tethers such animal for an unreasonable period of time or unjustifiably administers any poisonous or noxious drug or substance to any domestic animal or unjustifiably exposes any such drug or substance, with intent that the same shall be taken by an animal, or causes it to be done, or, having charge or custody of any animal, inflicts cruelty upon it or fails to provide it with proper food, drink or protection from the weather or abandons it or carries it or causes it to be carried in a cruel manner, or fights with or baits, harasses or worries any animal for the purpose of making it perform for amusement, diversion or exhibition, shall be fined not more than one thousand dollars or imprisoned not more than one year or both.


Delaware
Passed August 2012

News Story

 BE IT ENACTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE STATE OF DELAWARE:

Section 1. Amend §1325(a)(6), Chapter 5, Title 11 of the Delaware Code by making insertion as shown by underlining as follows:

(6) "Cruelty to animals" includes mistreatment of any animal or neglect of any animal under the care and control of the neglector, whereby unnecessary or unjustifiable physical pain or suffering is caused. By way of example this includes: Unjustifiable beating of an animal; overworking an animal; tormenting an animal; abandonment of an animal; tethering of a dog for 18 hours or more in any 24 hour period, and tethering any dog for any amount of time if the dog is under four months of age or is a nursing mother while the offspring are present; and failure to feed properly or give proper shelter or veterinary care to an animal.

SYNOPSIS
This Bill includes the tethering of any dog for extended periods of time within the definition of cruelty to animals. It also includes the tethering of very young dogs and nursing mother dogs within the definition of cruelty to animals


District of Columbia

b) For the purposes of this section, “cruelly chains” means attaching an animal to a stationary object or a pulley by means of a chain, rope, tether, leash, cable, or similar restraint under circumstances that may endanger its health, safety, or well-being. Cruelly chains includes, but is not limited to, the use of a chain, rope, tether, leash, cable or similar restraint that:

(1) Exceeds 1/8 the body weight of the animal;
(2) Causes the animal to choke;

(3) Is too short for the animal to move around or for the animal to urinate or defecate in a separate area from the area where it must eat, drink, or lie down;

(4) Is situated where it can become entangled;

(5) Does not permit the animal access to food, water, shade, dry ground, or shelter; or

(6) Does not permit the animal to escape harm.


Hawaii

§711-1109 – Cruelty to animals in the second degree

(1) A person commits the offense of cruelty to animals in the second degree if the person intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly:

(g) Tethers, fastens, ties, or restrains a dog to a doghouse, tree, fence, or any other stationary object by means of a choke collar, pinch collar, or prong collar; provided that a person is not prohibited from using such restraints when walking a dog with a hand-held leash or while a dog is engaged in a supervised activity


Illinois

HB 83 was signed into law. This adds tethering restrictions to the Illinois Humane Care for Animals Act.
The new provision amend 510 ILCS 70 and provides “To lawfully tether a dog outdoors, an owner must insure that the dog
(1) does not suffer from a condition that is known by the person to be exacerbated by tethering;
(2) is tethered in a manner that will prevent it from becoming entangled with other tethered dogs;
(3) is not tethered with a lead that (i) exceeds one-eighth of the dog’s body weight or (ii) is a tow or log chain;
(4) is tethered with a lead that measures when rounded to the nearest whole foot, at least ten feet in length;
(5) is tethered with a properly fitting harness or collar other than the lead or a pinch, prong, or choke-type collar; and
(6) is not tethered in a manner that will allow it to reach within the property of another person, a public walkway, or a road.”

There are some exceptions to the provisions that can be found here.


Indiana

Sec. 0.5. The following definitions apply throughout this chapter:

4) “Neglect” means:
(A) endangering an animal’s health by failing to provide or arrange to provide the animal with food or drink, if the animal is dependent upon the person for the provision of food or drink;
(B) restraining an animal for more than a brief period in a manner that endangers the animal’s life or health by the use of a rope, chain, or tether that:
(i) is less than three (3) times the length of the animal;
(ii) is too heavy to permit the animal to move freely; or
(iii) causes the animal to choke;
(C) restraining an animal in a manner that seriously endangers the animal’s life or health;
(D) failing to:
(i) provide reasonable care for; or
(ii) seek veterinary care for;
an injury or illness to a dog or cat that seriously endangers the life or health of the dog or cat; or
(E) leaving a dog or cat outside and exposed to:
(i) excessive heat without providing the animal with a means of shade from the heat; or
(ii) excessive cold if the animal is not provided with straw or another means of protection from the cold; regardless of whether the animal is restrained or kept in a kennel.
35-46-3-7 Version a
Abandonment or neglect of vertebrate animals; defense
Note: This version of section effective until 7-1-2014. See also following version of this section, effective 7-1-2014.
Sec. 7. (a) A person who:
(1) has a vertebrate animal in the person’s custody; and
(2) recklessly, knowingly, or intentionally abandons or neglects the animal;
commits cruelty to an animal, a Class A misdemeanor. However, except for a conviction under section 1 of this chapter, the offense is a Class D felony if the person has a prior unrelated conviction under this chapter.
(b) It is a defense to a prosecution for abandoning a vertebrate animal under this section that the person who had the animal in the person’s custody reasonably believed that the vertebrate animal was capable of surviving on its own.
(c) For purposes of this section, an animal that is feral is not in a person’s custody.
As added by P.L.193-1987, SEC.10. Amended by P.L.171-2007, SEC.8; P.L.111-2009, SEC.12.
35-46-3-7 Version b
Abandonment or neglect of vertebrate animals; defense
Note: This version of section effective 7-1-2014. See also preceding version of this section, effective until 7-1-2014.
Sec. 7. (a) A person who:
(1) has a vertebrate animal in the person’s custody; and
(2) recklessly, knowingly, or intentionally abandons or neglects the animal;
commits cruelty to an animal, a Class A misdemeanor. However, except for a conviction under section 1 of this chapter, the offense is a Level 6 felony if the person has a prior unrelated conviction under this chapter.
(b) It is a defense to a prosecution for abandoning a vertebrate animal under this section that the person who had the animal in the person’s custody reasonably believed that the vertebrate animal was capable of surviving on its own.
(c) For purposes of this section, an animal that is feral is not in a person’s custody.
As added by P.L.193-1987, SEC.10. Amended by P.L.171-2007, SEC.8; P.L.111-2009, SEC.12; P.L.158-2013, SEC.558.


Louisiana

§102.26 Unlawful restraint of a dog; definitions; penalties

A. As used in this Section:
(1) “Collar” means any collar constructed of nylon, leather, or similar material, specifically designed to be used for a dog.
(2) “Owner” means a person who owns or has custody or control of a dog.
(3) “Properly fitted” means, with respect to a collar, a collar that measures the circumference of a dog’s neck plus at least one inch.
(4) “Restraint” means a chain, rope, tether, leash, cable, or other device that attaches a dog to a stationary object or trolley system.
B. It shall be unlawful to tie, tether, or restrain any animal in a manner that is inhumane, cruel, or detrimental to its welfare.
C. The provisions of this Section shall not apply to any of the following:
(1) Accepted veterinary practices.
(2) Activities carried on for scientific or medical research governed by accepted standards.
(3) A dog restrained to a running line, pulley, or trolley system and is not restrained to the running line, pulley, or trolley system by means of a pinch-type, prong-type, choke-type, or improperly fitted collar.
(4) A dog restrained in compliance with the requirements of a camping or recreational area as defined by a federal, state, or local authority or jurisdiction.
(5) A dog restrained while the owner is engaged in, or actively training for, an activity that is conducted pursuant to a valid license issued by this state if the activity for which the license is issued is associated with the use or presence of a dog.
(6) A dog restrained while the owner is engaged in conduct directly related to the business of shepherding or herding cattle or livestock.
(7) A dog restrained while the owner is engaged in conduct directly related to the business of cultivating agricultural products if the restraint is reasonably necessary for the safety of the dog.
(8) A dog being restrained and walked with a hand-held leash regardless of the type of collar being used.
D. Whoever violates the provisions of this Section shall be fined not more than three hundred dollars.
Acts 2010, No. 977, §1.


Maine

 MAINE REVISED STATUTES ANNOTATED
7 § 4015. Proper Shelter, Protection From the Weather and Humanely Clean Conditions
No person owning or responsible for confining or impounding any animal may fail to provide the animal with proper shelter, protection from the weather and humanely clean conditions as prescribed in this section.

6. Dogs confined by tethering for long time periods. In addition to the requirements of Subsection 2, Paragraph B, Subparagraph (2), when tethering is the primary means of confinement for a dog, the standards for shelter and tethering are as follows:
A. A shelter must be provided that is fully enclosed except for a portal.
The portal must be of a sufficient size to allow the dog unimpeded passage into and out of the structure. For dogs other than arctic breeds, the portal must be constructed in a manner that keeps wind and precipitation out of the interior. The shelter must have clean bedding material sufficient to retain the dog’s normal body heat; and
B. The chain or tether must be attached to both the dog and the anchor using swivels or similar devices that prevent the chain or tether from becoming entangled or twisted. The chain or tether must be attached to a well-fitted collar or harness on the dog. For dogs other than arctic breeds, the chain or tether must be at least 5 times the length of the dog measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail. For arctic breeds, the chain or tether must be at least 2.5 times the length of the dog measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail.
For the purposes of this subsection, “primary means of confinement” means the method used to confine a dog for periods of time that exceed 12 hours in a 24-hour period. For the purposes of this subsection, “arctic breeds” means Siberian Huskies, Alaskan Huskies, Alaskan Malamutes and other dogs with a double-layered coat and bred to live in an arctic climate.


Maryland
§ 10-623. Dogs outside, unattended and restrained

(a)(1) In this section the following words have the meanings indicated.
(2) “Collar” means a device constructed of nylon, leather, or similar material specifically designed to be used around the neck of a dog.
(3) “Restraint” means a chain, rope, tether, leash, cable, or other device that attaches a dog to a stationary object or trolley system.
(b) A person may not leave a dog outside and unattended by use of a restraint:
(1) that unreasonably limits the movement of the dog;
(2) that uses a collar that:
(i) is made primarily of metal; or
(ii) is not at least as large as the circumference of the dog's neck plus 1 inch;
(3) that restricts the access of the dog to suitable and sufficient clean water or appropriate shelter;
(4) in unsafe or unsanitary conditions; or
(5) that causes injury to the dog.


Massachusetts

Passed October 2012

Chapter 140 of the General Laws, as appearing in the 2008 Official Edition, is hereby amended by inserting after section 174D the following section:

SECTION 174E: (a) No person owning or keeping a dog shall chain or tether a dog to a stationary object including but not limited to any structure, dog house, pole or tree for longer than 8 total hours in any 24-hour period. Any tethering employed shall not allow the dog to leave the owner’s, guardian’s or keeper’s property. The tether must be designed for dogs. No logging chains and other lines or devices not for the purpose of tethering dogs may be used. No chain or tether shall weigh more than one- eighth of the dog’s body weight. Nothing in this section shall be construed as prohibiting a person from walking a dog on a hand held leash. No dog under the age of 6 months shall be tethered outside for any length of time.

(b) A person owning or keeping a dog may confine such dog outside, subject to the restrictions in this section, through the use of any of the following three methods:

(1) Inside a pen or secure enclosure, if the following conditions are met:

(i) The pen or secure enclosure has adequate space for exercise with a dimension of at least 100 square feet. Commercial dog kennels with pens intended for the temporary boarding of dogs are exempt from this requirement.

(ii) The pen or secure enclosure is constructed with chain link or other similar material as determined by the Building Inspector, with all 4 sides enclosed.

(iii) The minimum height of the fence is adequate to successfully confine the dog.

(2) A fully fenced, electronically fenced, or otherwise securely enclosed yard, wherein a dog has the ability to run but is unable to leave the enclosed yard.

(3) A trolley system or a tether attached to a pulley in a cable run, if the following conditions are met:

(i) Only 1 dog may be tethered to each cable run.

(ii) The tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the dog, with enough room between the collar and the dog’s throat through which 2 adult fingers may fit. Choke collars and pinch collars are prohibited for the purposes of tethering a dog to a cable run.

(iii) There must be a swivel on at least 1 end of the tether to minimize tangling of the tether.

(iv) The tether and cable run must each be at least 10 feet in length. The cable must be mounted at least 4 feet but not more than 7 feet above ground level.

(v) The length of the tether from the cable run to the dog’s collar or harness must allow continuous access to clean water and appropriate shelter at all times as described in subsection (c). The trolley system or tether must be of appropriate configuration to confine the dog to the owner’s, guardian’s or keeper’s property, to prevent the trolley system or tether from extending over an object to an edge that could result in injury or strangulation of the dog, and to prevent the trolley system or tether from becoming tangled with other object or animals.

(c) Any person owning or keeping a dog confined outside in accordance with subsection (b) must provide the dog with access to clean water and appropriate dog shelter. The dog shelter must allow the dog to remain dry and protected from the elements. Such shelter shall be fully enclosed on at least three sides, roofed and have a solid floor. The entrance to the shelter shall be flexible to allow the dog’s entry and exit, and sturdy enough to block entry of weather elements. The shelter shall contain clean bedding and be small enough to retain the dog’s body heat and large enough to allow the dog to stand, lie down, and turn comfortably. The enclosure shall be structurally sound and in good repair. Suitable drainage must be provided so that water, ice, or waste is not standing in or around the shelter.

(d) No person owning or keeping a dog may leave a dog chained, tethered or confined outside between the house of 11:00 p.m. and 7:00 a.m.

(e) Exceptions to the above restrictions on outdoor confinement shall be made for dogs actively engaged in conduct directly related to the business of shepherding or herding cattle or other livestock or conduct that is directly related to the business of cultivating agricultural products, if the restraint is reasonably necessary for the safety of the dog.

(f) No person owning or keeping a dog may subject the dog to cruel conditions or inhumane chaining or the tethering at any time. Cruel conditions and inhumane chaining or tethering are defined as, but not limited to, the following conditions:

(1) Filthy and dirty confinement conditions, including but not limited to exposure to excessive animal waste, garbage, dirty water, noxious odors, dangerous objects that could injure or kill the dog upon contact, or other circumstances that could cause harm to the dog’s physical or emotional health.

(2) Taunting, prodding, hitting, harassing, threatening or otherwise harming a tethered or confined dog.

(3) Subjecting the dog to dangerous conditions, including attack by other animals.

(g) Any person who violates this section shall, for the first offense, be issued a written warning or punished by a fine of not more than $50, for the second offense, be punished by a fine of not more than $100, and for the third and any subsequent offense, be punished by a fine of not more than $300, and be subject to impoundment of the dog in a local shelter at the owner’s or guardian’s expense pending compliance with this section or loss of ownership of the dog.


Michigan

Section 750.50
(2) An owner, possessor, or person having the charge or custody of an animal shall not do any of the following:

(g) Tether a dog unless the tether is at least 3 times the length of the dog as measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail and is attached to a harness or nonchoke collar designed for tethering.


Nevada
Beginning Oct. 1, 2009

Section 1. NRS 574.100 is hereby amended to read as follows:

2. Except as otherwise provided in subsections 3 and 4 and NRS 574.210 to 574.510, inclusive, a person shall not restrain a dog:
(a) Using a tether, chain, tie, trolley or pulley system or other device that:
(1) Is less than 12 feet in length;
(2) Fails to allow the dog to move at least 12 feet or, if the device is a pulley system, fails to allow the dog to move a total of 12 feet; or
(3) Allows the dog to reach a fence or other object that may cause the dog to become injured or die by strangulation after jumping the fence or object or otherwise becoming entangled in the fence or object;
(b) Using a prong, pinch or choke collar or similar restraint; or
(c) For more than 14 hours during a 24-hour period.
3. Any pen or other outdoor enclosure that is used to maintain a dog must be appropriate for the size and breed of the dog. If any property that is used by a person to maintain a dog is of insufficient size to ensure compliance by the person with the provisions of paragraph (a) of subsection 2, the person may maintain the dog unrestrained in a pen or other outdoor enclosure that complies with the provisions of this subsection.
4. The provisions of subsections 2 and 3 do not apply to a dog that is:
(a) Tethered, chained, tied, restrained or placed in a pen or enclosure by a veterinarian, as defined in NRS 574.330, during the course of his practice;
(b) Being used lawfully to hunt a species of wildlife in this State during the hunting season for that species;
(c) Receiving training to hunt a species of wildlife in this State;
(d) In attendance at and participating in an exhibition, show, contest or other event in which the skill, breeding or stamina of the dog is judged or examined;
(e) Being kept in a shelter or boarding facility or temporarily in a camping area
; (f) Temporarily being cared for as part of a rescue operation or in any other manner in conjunction with a bona fide nonprofit organization formed for animal welfare purposes;
(g) Living on land that is directly related to an active agricultural operation, if the restraint is reasonably necessary to ensure the safety of the dog. As used in this paragraph, “agricultural operation” means any activity that is necessary for the commercial growing and harvesting of crops or the raising of livestock or poultry; or
(h) With a person having custody or control of the dog, if the person is engaged in a temporary task or activity with the dog for not more than 1 hour.


Oregon

Oregon Law - House Bill 2783
Jun 13, 2013: Governor signed.
Effective date January 1, 2014.

Be It Enacted by the People of the State of Oregon:

SECTION 2. { + (1) A person commits the offense of unlawful tethering if the person tethers a domestic animal in the person's custody or control:
(a) In a location that is not free of obstructions that could cause strangulation;
(b) With a tether that is less than 15 feet in length;
(c) With a collar that pinches or chokes the domestic animal when pulled; or
(d)(A) For more than five hours in a 24-hour period; or

(B) If the tether is attached to a zipline, for more than 10 hours in a 24-hour period.
(2) A person does not violate this section if the tethered domestic animal remains in the physical presence of a person or the person tethers a domestic animal:
(a) Pursuant to the requirements of a campground or other recreational area;
(b) For the purpose of engaging in an activity that requires licensure in this state; or
(c) For the purpose of protecting the domestic animal from an activity related to cultivating or harvesting an agricultural or forest product.
(3) This section does not apply to a veterinary facility or a person that is transporting the domestic animal.
(4) Unlawful tethering is a Class B violation. + }

SECTION 3. ORS 167.310 is amended to read:
167.310. As used in ORS 167.310 to 167.351:
{ + (1) 'Adequate bedding' includes straw, wood shavings, blankets or other bedding made of fabric.
(2)(a) 'Adequate shelter' includes a barn, dog house or other enclosed structure sufficient to protect an animal from wind, rain, snow or sun and that has adequate bedding to protect against cold and dampness.
(b) 'Adequate shelter' does not include:
(A) Crawl spaces under buildings or parts of buildings, such as steps, decks or stoops;
(B) The space under a vehicle;
(C) The inside of a vehicle, other than a functional climate controlled motor home;
(D) Shelters made from cardboard or other materials that are easily degraded by the elements;
(E) Animal carriers or crates that are designed to provide temporary housing;
(F) Shelters with wire or chain-link floors; or
(G) Shelters surrounded by waste, debris, obstructions or impediments that could adversely affect an animal's health.


Pennsylvania

June 28, 2017
(Effective August 27, 2017)

A person may be found guilty of neglect if he or she tethers a dog unattended outdoors for more than nine hours within a 24-hour period; uses a tow chain, a log chain, or a choke, pinch, prong, or chain collar; does not give the dog access to water and a shady area while tethered; does not use a tether that is the longer of at least 10 feet or three times the length of the dog; or tethers a dog for longer than 30 minutes when the temperature is over 90 degrees or under 32 degrees.

§ 5536. Tethering of unattended dog
(a) Presumptions.
(1) Tethering an unattended dog out of doors for less than nine hours within a 24-hour period when all of the following conditions are present shall create a rebuttable presumption that a dog has not been the subject of neglect within the meaning of section 5532;
i. The tether is of a type commonly used for the size and breed of dog and is at least three times the length of the dog as measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail or 10 feet, which is longer.
ii. The tether is secured to a well-fitted collar or harness by means of a swivel collar, swivel latch or other mechanism designed to prevent the dog from becoming entangled.
iii. The tethered dog has access to potable water and an area of shade that permits the dog to escape the direct rays of the sun.
iv. The dog has not been tethered for longer than 30 minutes in temperatures above 90 or below 32 degrees Fahrenheit.
(2) The presence of any of the following conditions regarding tethering an unattended dog out of doors shall create a rebuttable presumption that a dog has been the subject of neglect within the meaning of section 5532:
i. Excessive waste or excrement in the area where the dog is tethered.
ii. Open sore or wounds on the dog’s body.
iii. The use of a tow or log chain, or a choke, pinch, prong or chain collar.
(b) Construction. This section shall not be construed to prohibit any of the following:
(1) Tethering a dog while actively engaged in lawful hunting, exhibition, performance events or field training.
(2) Tethering a hunting, sporting or sledding dog breed where tethering is integral to the training, conditioning or purpose of the dog.
(3) Tethering a dog in compliance with the requirements of a camping or recreational area.
(4) Tethering a dog for a period of time, not to exceed one hour, reasonable necessary for the dog or person to complete a temporary task.


Rhode Island

Signed June 1012

§ 4-13-42 Care of dogs. – (a) It shall be a violation of this section for an owner or keeper to:

(1) Keep any dog on a permanent tether that restricts movement of the tethered dog to an area less than one hundred thirteen square feet (113 sq. ft.), or less than a six foot (6') radius at ground level.

(2) Tether a dog with a choke-type collar or prong-type collar.

(3) Keep any dog tethered for more than ten (10) hours during a twenty-four (24) hour period or keep any dog confined in a pen, cage or other shelter for more than fourteen (14) hours during any twenty-four (24) hour period.

(b) It shall be a violation of this section for an owner or keeper to fail to provide a dog with adequate feed, adequate water, or adequate veterinary care as those terms are defined in § 4-19-2; provided however, that adequate veterinary care may be provided by an owner using acceptable animal husbandry practices.

(c) Any person in violation of this section shall be given a warning for a first violation. Second and subsequent violations of this subsection can be considered a violation of § 4-1-2. Each day of violation shall constitute a separate offense.

(d) The provisions of this section shall not apply:

(1) If the tethering or confinement is authorized for medical reasons in writing by a veterinarian licensed in Rhode Island, the authorization is renewed annually, and shelter is provided;

(2) If tethering or confinement is authorized in writing by an animal control officer;

(3) To a training facility, grooming facility, commercial boarding kennel, pet shop licensed in accordance with chapter 4-19, animal shelter, municipal pound or veterinary facility;

(4) To licensed hunters, field trial participants or any person raising or training a gun dog or hunting dog, provided that the licensed hunter or field trial hunt test participant is actively engaged in hunting, training or field trial hunt testing or is transporting the dog to or from an event;

(5) To livestock farmers who use their dogs to protect their livestock from predators;

(6) To an exhibitor holding a class C license under the Animal Welfare Act, (7 U.S.C. § 2133) that are temporarily in the state; or

(7) To sled dog owners who are actively training their dogs to pull sleds in winter conditions.

(e) Any person in violation of this section shall be imprisoned not exceeding eleven (11) months, or fined not less than fifty dollars ($50.00) nor exceeding five hundred dollars ($500), or both. Each day of violation shall constitute a separate offense.

(f) General agents or special agents of the Rhode Island Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RISPCA) are hereby authorized to enforce the provisions of this chapter in cooperation with animal control officers.
 


Tennessee

39-14-202. Cruelty to animals
(b) A person commits an offense who knowingly ties, tethers, or restrains a dog in a manner that results in the dog suffering bodily injury as defined in § 39-11-106.


Texas (read complete law)
2007
SUBCHAPTER D. UNLAWFUL RESTRAINT OF DOG
Sec. 821.076. DEFINITIONS. In this subchapter:
(1) “Collar” means any collar constructed of nylon, leather, or similar material, specifically designed to be used for a dog.
(2) “Owner” means a person who owns or has custody or control of a dog.
(3) “Properly fitted” means, with respect to a collar, a collar that measures the circumference of a dog’s neck plus at least one inch.
(4) “Restraint” means a chain, rope, tether, leash, cable, or other device that attaches a dog to a stationary object or trolley system.
Sec. 821.077. UNLAWFUL RESTRAINT OF DOG. (a) An owner may not leave a dog outside and unattended by use of a restraint that unreasonably limits the dog’s movement:
(1) between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m.;
(2) within 500 feet of the premises of a school; or
(3) in the case of extreme weather conditions, including conditions in which:
(A) the actual or effective outdoor temperature is below 32 degrees Fahrenheit;
(B) a heat advisory has been issued by a local or state authority or jurisdiction; or
(C) a hurricane, tropical storm, or tornado warning has been issued for the jurisdiction by the National Weather Service.
(b) In this section, a restraint unreasonably limits a dog’s movement if the restraint:
(1) uses a collar that is pinch-type, prong-type, or choke-type or that is not properly fitted to the dog;
(2) is a length shorter than the greater of:
(A) five times the length of the dog, as measured from the tip of the dog’s nose to the base of the dog’s tail; or
(B) 10 feet;
(3) is in an unsafe condition; or
(4) causes injury to the dog.
Sec. 821.078. EXCEPTIONS. Section 821.077 does not apply to:
(1) a dog restrained to a running line, pulley, or trolley system and that is not restrained to the running line, pulley, or trolley system by means of a pinch-type, prong-type, choke-type, or improperly fitted collar;
(2) a dog restrained in compliance with the requirements of a camping or recreational area as defined by a federal, state, or local authority or jurisdiction;
(3) a dog restrained for a reasonable period, not to exceed three hours in a 24-hour period, and no longer than is necessary for the owner to complete a temporary task that requires the dog to be restrained;
(4) a dog restrained while the owner is engaged in, or actively training for, an activity that is conducted pursuant to a valid license issued by this state if the activity for which the license is issued is associated with the use or presence of a dog;
(5) a dog restrained while the owner is engaged in conduct directly related to the business of shepherding or herding cattle or livestock; or
(6) a dog restrained while the owner is engaged in conduct directly related to the business of cultivating agricultural products, if the restraint is reasonably necessary for the safety of the dog.


Vermont

ANIMAL WELFARE REGULATIONS
(Promulgated under authority of VSA T20 Chapter 194 Section 3908)
SECTION 3.4 PRIMARY ENCLOSURES
All primary enclosures for dogs and cats shall conform to the following requirements:

(b) Space requirements. –
(1) Dogs and cats. Primary enclosures shall be constructed and maintained so as to provide sufficient space to allow each dog and cat to turn about freely and to easily stand, sit and lie in a comfortable normal position.
(2) Dogs
(i) In addition to the provisions of subparagraph (1) of this paragraph, each dog housed in any primary enclosure shall be provided a minimum square footage of floor space equal to the mathematical square of the sum of the length of the dog in inches, as measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail, plus 6 inches, expressed in square feet. Not more than 12 adult nonconditioned dogs shall be housed in the same primary enclosure.
This requirement may be computed by using the following equation:
(length of dog in inches+6) X (length of dog in inches+6)
Required area in square inches
= ________________________= Required square feet of floor space.
(ii) Dog house with chains. If dog houses with chains are used as primary enclosures for dogs kept outdoors, the chains used shall be so placed or attached that they cannot become entangled with the chains of other dogs or any other objects. Such chains shall be of a type commonly used for the size dog involved and equipped with snap hooks and shall be attached to the dog by means of a well fitted collar. Such chains shall be at least four times the length of the dog as measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail and shall allow the dog convenient access to the dog house.


Virginia

Title 3.1

"Adequate space" ... When an animal is tethered, "adequate space" means a tether that permits the above actions and is appropriate to the age and size of the animal; is attached to the animal by a properly applied collar, halter, or harness configured so as to protect the animal from injury and prevent the animal or tether from becoming entangled with other objects or animals, or from extending over an object or edge that could result in the strangulation or injury of the animal; and is at least three times the length of the animal, as measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail, except when the animal is being walked on a leash or is attached by a tether to a lead line. When freedom of movement would endanger the animal, temporarily and appropriately restricting movement of the animal according to professionally accepted standards for the species is considered provision of adequate space.

Section 796.68. Care of animals by owner; penalty.
A. Each owner shall provide for each of his companion animals:
4. Adequate space in the primary enclosure for the particular type of animal depending upon its age, size, species, and weight;

§ 352 Cruelty to Animals
A person commits the crime of cruelty to animals if he or she ties, tethers, or restrains an animal, either a pet or livestock, in a manner that is inhumane or is detrimental to its welfare


Washington
April 11, 2017
Effective July 1, 2017

No dog shall be tethered unattended for a reckless period of time. No dog who is sick, injured, in distress, heavily pregnant, or younger than 6 months old may be tethered.

RCW 16.52.011

Sec. 1. A new section is added to chapter 16.52 RCW to read as follows:
(1) Any dog that is restrained outside by a tether must only be restrained for a period of time that is not reckless and in compliance with this section.
(a) The dog shall not be tethered in a manner that results, or could reasonably result, in the dog becoming frequently entangled on the restraint or another object.
(b) If there are multiple dogs tethered, each dog must be on a separate tether and not secured to the same fixed point.
(c) The tether must allow the dog to sit, lie down, and stand comfortably without the restraint becoming taut and allow the dog a range of movement.
(d) A dog shall not be tethered if it is ill, suffering from a debilitating disease, injured, in distress, in the advanced stages of pregnancy, or under six months of age.
(e) A tethered dog must have access to clean water and necessary shelter that is safe and protective while tethered. The shelter and water vessel must be constructed or attached in such a way that the dog cannot knock over the shelter or water vessel.
(f) A dog shall not be tethered in a manner that results in the dog being left in unsafe or unsanitary conditions or that forces the dog to stand, sit, or lie down in its own excrement or urine.
(g) A dog shall not be tethered by means of a choke, pinch, slip, halter, or prong-type collar, or by any means other than with a properly fitted buckle-type collar or harness that provides enough room between the collar or harness and the dog’s throat to allow normal breathing and swallowing.
(h) The weight of the tether shall not unreasonably inhibit the free movement of the dog within the area allowed by the length of the tether.
(i) The dog shall not be tethered in a manner that causes the dog injury or pain.
(2) The provisions of subsection (1)(a) through (d) of this section do not apply to a dog that is:
(a) Tethered while it is receiving medical care or treatment under the supervision of a licensed veterinarian or is being groomed;
(b) Participating temporarily in an exhibition, show, contest, or other event in which the skill, breeding, or stamina of the dog is judged or examined;
(c) Being kept temporarily at a camping or recreation area;
(d) Being cared for temporarily after having been picked up as a stray or as part of a rescue operation;
(e) Being transported in a motor vehicle or temporarily restrained or tied after being unloaded from a motor vehicle;
(f) Being trained or used by a federal, state, or local law enforcement agency or military or national guard unit; or
(g) In the physical presence of the person who owns, keeps, or controls the dog.
(3) Each incident involving a violation of this section is a separate offense. A person who violates this section is subject to the following penalties:
(a) A first offense shall result in a correction warning being issued requiring the offense to be corrected by the person who owns, keeps, or controls the dog within seven days after the date of the 40 warning being issued in lieu of an infraction unless the offense poses an imminent risk to the health or safety of the dog or the dog has been injured as a result of the offense.
(b) A second offense is a class 2 civil infraction under RCW 7.80.120(1)(b).4 5
(c) A third or subsequent offense is a class 1 civil infraction under RCW 7.80.120(1)(a).


West Virginia

http://www.polsci.wvu.edu/ipa/par/reporter24_1.pdf

Chapter 61-8-19. Cruelty to animals; penalties; exclusions.

(a) If any person … cruelly chains any animal …, he or she is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than three hundred nor more than two thousand dollars or confined in jail not more than six months, or both.

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Communities that Prohibit Chaining

Tucson, Arizona
Tucson’s ordinance does not apply solely to dogs. A person has thirty days once they are found chaining an animal to provide other means of confinement, as long as other conditions of confinement and care are being met.

Tucson Code Sec. 4-3(2) Tieouts (tethering) are prohibited. However, if an animal is found on a tieout, the owner of the animal may be permitted to keep the animal on the tieout for less than, but in no case more than, thirty (30) days from the discovery of the tieout. In determining whether to grant this permission, the enforcement agent may take into consideration the owner’s past record with the subject animal and with other animals. In addition, this permission may be granted only on condition that the owner and the tieout, when found, are in compliance with all the applicable laws relating to animals, including the tieout provisions of former subsection (e)(2) which were as follows:

On a tieout, consisting of a chain, leash, wire cable or similar restraint attached to a swivel or pulley. A tieout shall be so located as to keep the animal exclusively on the secured premises. Tieouts shall be so located that they cannot become entangled with other objects. Collars used to attach an animal to a tieout shall not be of a choke type. No tieout shall employ a restraint which is less than ten (10) feet in length.

Further, the grace period is null and void immediately if the owner and the Tieout are not, at any time during the grace period, in compliance with the afore-mentioned tieout provisions and all the other applicable laws relating to animals.

Non-compliance with any of the foregoing provisions in this subsection (e)(2) may result in the impoundment of the animal at any time. [Additional language requires a hearing]
(3) Temporary tethering for horses is exempt from the provisions of subsection (e)(2) above.

Sec. 4.97(2)
It shall be unlawful for any dog owned, possessed, kept, or harbored or maintained to be at large upon or about the private property of any person, including that of the owner of such dog. Confinement shall be accomplished by means of a fence or similar enclosure of sufficient strength and height to prevent the dog from escaping therefrom, or inside a house or other building, to keep the dog exclusively on the premises where secured. Tieouts are prohibited.
(3)Temporary tethering for horses is exempt from the provisions of Tucson Code, subsection 4-3(2)(e)(2).
Sec. 4-3(4). Any person violating the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.


Fayetteville, Arkansas
April, 2007 - See news story

Direct point chaining is prohibited. Dogs may be restrained by means of a trolley system if the owner is present.


Maumelle, Arkansas
The ordinance, which is regarded as the first of its kind, prohibits tethering dogs to stationary objects, such as dog houses. In addition, it requires that dogs be provided with approved housing:

Confinement of Animals: From and after the passage of this Ordinance any person owning animals whether vaccinated or unvaccinated, licensed or unlicensed, shall confine such animal within an adequate fence or enclosure, or within a house, garage or other building in conformance with Maumelle Bill of Assurance or its successor. Animals shall not be tied or chained to dog houses, or other stationary objects, but must be in an approved enclosure. Sterilized cats are exempt from confinement.

The ordinance also mandates that dog enclosures must provide at least one hundred and fifty square feet of space for dogs over six months of age.


West Memphis, Arkansas
2006

This ordinance bans direct-point tethering.

9.04.020 – Animal care.
1.No owner shall fail to provide his animals with sufficient good and wholesome food and water; shelter which provides protection from the weather including four sides with opening, roof and floor; veterinary care when needed to prevent suffering; and with humane care and treatment.
2.No person shall cruelly treat any animal in violation of the laws of the state of Arkansas.
3.No owner of an animal shall abandon such animal.
4.Any person who, as the operator of a motor vehicle, strikes a domestic animal shall, within a reasonable time, report the accident to the appropriate law enforcement agency or to the local humane society.
5.No person shall expose any known poisonous substance or toxic chemical, whether mixed with food or not, so that the same shall be liable to be eaten by any animal; provided that it is not unlawful for a person to expose, on his property, common rat poison mixed only with vegetable substance.
6.Any person owning, possessing or keeping a dog shall keep the dog securely confined behind a fence or otherwise restrained upon the person’s property by adequate means to prevent the dog’s escape; or shall effectively control the dog, whether on or off the person’s property, by means of a leash or other proper method of supervised restraint from which the dog cannot escape.
7.Chaining. Direct-point chaining or tethering of dogs to any object is prohibited.


Collier County Florida
2009

b)Any enclosure used as a primary means of confinement for a dog must meet the definition of proper enclosure as stated in Section 14-35 of this Article. It shall be unlawful for a responsible party to tether a dog while outdoors, except when all of the following conditions are met. This section shall not apply to the transportation of dogs:

(1) The dog is in visual range of the responsible party, and the responsible party is located outside with the dog.
(2) The tether is connected to the dog by a buckle-type collar or a body harness made of nylon or leather, not less than one inch in width.
(3) The tether has the following properties: It is at least five times the length of the dog's body, as measured from the tip of the nose to the base of the tail; it terminates at both ends with a swivel; it does not weigh more than ? of the dog's weight; and it is free of tangles.
(4) The dog is tethered in such a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation, or entanglement.
(5) The dog is not outside during a period of extreme weather, including without limitation extreme heat or near-freezing temperatures, thunderstorms, tornadoes, tropical storms, or hurricanes.
(6) The dog has access to water, shelter, and dry ground.
(7) The dog is at least six months of age. Puppies shall not be tethered.
(8) The dog is not sick or injured.
(9) Pulley, running line, or trolley systems are at least 15 feet in length and are less than 7 feet above the ground.
(10) If there are multiple dogs, each dog is tethered separately.


Escambia County Florida
2010

Tether means to restrain an animal by tying to any stationary object or structure, including but not limited to a house, tree, fence, post, garage or shed, by any means, including but not limited to, a chain, rope, cord, leash or pulley/running line, but shall NOT include the use of a leash when walking an animal.

No animals under six months of age shall be tethered.

Those animals over six months in age can only be tethered when:

The animal is in visible range of the responsible party.
The tether is a minimum of six feet or is at least 5 times the length of the animal, has a swivel at both ends and does not weigh more than 1/16 of the animal’s weight.
Overhead run/pulley line shall be at least 15 feet in length and no less than seven feet above the ground at all times.
Tethers must be fastened to a properly fitted body harness or buckle collar made of nylon or leather.
Tether must be free from entanglement and other obstructions at all times.
Tethered animal shall have access to potable water, food, shelter and dry ground at all times.
Animals shall not be tethered while sick, injured or in distress.
Animals shall not be tethered outside during a period of extreme weather, including but not limited to, extreme heat, extreme cold, thunderstorms, tornadoes, tropical storms, or hurricanes.
Multiple animals must be tethered separately.


Fernandina Beach, Florida
June 20, 2017

No dog or cat shall be tethered unattended. In cases when tethering is permitted, requirements must be met with regard to materials used to restrain the animal; tethered animals must have access to water, shelter, and dry ground; animals may not be kept outside during specific weather scenarios, such as hurricanes and extreme temperatures.

Sec. 18- 4. – Owner to exercise care and control; standards of care; prohibition of tethering
[. . .]
(e) Unlawful restraint of dogs and cats. No person shall tether, fasten, chain, tie, or restrain a dog or cat, or cause a dog or cat to be tethered, fastened, chained, tied, or restrained, to a dog house, tree, fence, or any other stationary object.
(f) Notwithstanding subsection (e) above, a person may do the following
(1) A dog or cat may be tethered when it is in visual range of the owner, and the owner is located outside with the tethered animal.
(2) Tether, fasten, chain, tie, or otherwise restrain a dog or cat pursuant to the requirements of a camping or recreational area.
(g) In all cases where tethering is permissible, the following conditions must all be met:
(1) The dog or cat must be attached to the tether by a buckle-type collar or a body harness. A dog or cat shall not be tethered by means of a choke- type, pinch-type, prong-type, or improperly fitting collar;
(2) The tether has the following properties: it is at least ten (10) feet in length; it terminates at both ends with a swivel; it does not weigh more than 10% of the tethered animal’s weight, and it is free of tangles;
(3) The dog or cat is tethered in such a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation, or entanglement,
(4) If there are multiple dogs or cats, each dog or cat must be tethered separately. The tethering of each dog or cat must be in accordance with the requirements of this Code;
(5) The dog or cat is not outside during a period of extreme weather, including without limitation extreme heat (over 85 degrees Fahrenheit) or cold temperatures (under 45 degrees Fahrenheit), thunderstorms, lightning storms, tornado watches or warnings, tropical storms, or hurricane watches or warnings;
(6) The dog or cat has access to water, adequate shelter, and dry ground;
(7) The dog or cat is at least six months of age. Puppies or kittens shall not be tethered;
(8) The dog or cat is not sick or injured; and
(9) No tether may extend any closer than six (6) feet from the perimeter fence or a lot line. If it is connected to a pulley, the running line must be at least fifteen (15) feet in length and less than seven (7) feet above the ground. If multiple dogs or cats, they must be tethered separately, with no sharing of running lines, or near enough to each other that they may become tangled. No animal shall be tethered so that it has access to public property, including easements and rights-of-way or property owned by another private individual or entity.
h) Penalties for violation of this section. The penalties for violation of this section are as follows: $100 citation for the first offense; $200 citation for the second offense; and $300 for the third offense. These fines apply to violations occurring within a five (5) year period. Appeals of citations shall be made in accordance with Section 2- 396 et seq. of this Code.


Hallandale Beach, Florida
June 17, 2009

Animals may not be tethered for more than 15 minutes unless the guardian is present.

Sec. 6-1.1. – Dogs shall be restrained.
Each owner shall keep and maintain his dog under restraint; provided, however, that this section shall not apply to any dog being used for rescue or law enforcement work or any dog used in connection with a pari-mutuel facility licensed under F.S. ch. 550. It shall be unlawful for any owner to allow his dog to cross outside of the property line of its owner to any extent, including reaching over or under a fence, or to keep or allow his dog to be outdoors on an unfenced portion of the owner’s property, unless the dog is restrained by a substantial chain or leash not exceeding six feet in length and under the control of its owner or another responsible person. No provisions of this section shall be construed to permit the tying, chaining, or otherwise tethering of any animal outdoors as a means of confinement for a time period exceeding 15 minutes unless the owner or keeper is present.
Any dog owner who violates any provision of this section shall be sanctioned as provided by law. In addition to any fine imposed by this section, the dog’s owner may be required to submit full restitution to the victim for any damage caused by the dog or may be incarcerated for a period not to exceed six months, or may be required to perform up to 100 hours of community service, or any combination thereof.


Hernando County, Florida
May 10, 2016

This ordinance prohibits unattended chaining while providing criteria for lawful attended tethering.

Section 6-34. Regulation of Tethering.

In order to protect the public safety and welfare, the following conditions shall apply when tethering an animal:

A. No person, to include owner, harborer, or caretaker, shall tether an animal to a stationary or inanimate object as a means of confinement or restraint unless such person is with the animal and the animal is at all times visible to such person.

B. The tether must be constructed of material sufficient to restrain the animal but may not place the animal in danger of injury or death. At no time shall the tether extend over an object or edge in such a manner that could result in strangulation, entanglement of or injury to the animal. Logging chains and vehicle tow chains may not be used to tether an animal. The addition of weight to an animal’s collar, harness, chain, or tether is prohibited.

C. The tether shall be of a length and weight to allow an animal to move at least ten feet in all directions from the point of tethering and allow entry and egress to proper shelter and enclosure as defined herein. No person shall keep an animal in any enclosure without daily exercise and change of air.

D. The tether shall be attached to a properly fitted buckle-style collar or buckle-style harness sufficient to restrain the animal. The tether must have an operative swivel attached to a collar or harness and may not be attached to a stationary object at a height higher than the animal’s neck in standing position. The tether must swivel on both ends and be free of tangles. A leash or lead may not be attached directly to the animal’s neck in lieu of a manufactured collar or harness. Choke, chain, slip, or prong type collars shall not be used on an animal when such animal is tethered.

E. The animal must have access to sufficient wholesome food and a continuous supply of clean, potable water, and freedom to move about and avoid area of animal waste, parasites, or anything that would adversely harm an animal’s health or safety.

F. The tethered animal must be at least six months of age and may not be sick or injured.

G. The animal may not be outside during extreme weather conditions, including, but not limited to, extreme heat or near-freezing temperatures or during thunderstorms, lightning storms, tornado watches or warnings, or during tropical storm or hurricane watches or warnings.

H. No tether may extend any closer than six feet from the perimeter fence or lot line. If it is connected to a pulley, the running line must be at least 15 feet in length and less than seven feet above the ground. If multiple dogs, they must be tethered separately, with no sharing of running lines, or near enough to each other that they may become tangled. No animal shall be tethered so that it has access to public property, including easements, and rights of way property, or the property of another.

I. When the animal is transported in a pickup truck with a metal bed, the animal shall be provided protection from the metal bed; and, shall be safely and properly tethered as defined herein.

J. Tethering and/or inappropriately sheltering an animal in violation of the provisions of this section shall be unlawful and a Class V violation of this Chapter. When a violation of this section occurs, and officer may take reasonable measures to remove the animal from the tether and/or inappropriate shelter and impound the animal. .

K. No animal shall be tethered on vacant or abandoned property


Lake County, Florida

April 10, 2012

Sec. 4-41. – Prohibition of tethering dogs.
1.It is a violation of this section for any owner to tether a dog or to confine a dog on a tether, except when:
a. The dog is in visual range of the owner who must also be physically present with the dog and attending to it while it is tethered; and

i. The tether is connected to the dog by a commercially available buckle-type collar or a body harness made of nylon or leather that is of sufficient size to adequately and safely restrain the dog; and
ii. The tether is of a size and weight that is reasonably necessary to safely restrain the dog without placing excessive strain or weight on the dog; and
iii. The dog is not tethered outside in periods of extreme weather, including but not limited to extreme heat or cold, thunderstorms, lightning, tornadoes, tropical storms or hurricanes.

b. A dog is tethered in a manner and under conditions that do not jeopardize its health, safety or well-being and the dog is:
i. In attendance at, or participating in, any legal, organized publicly attended event in which both dog and owner are permitted attendees or participants; or
ii. Actively engaged in conduct that is directly related to the business of shepherding or herding cattle or livestock or related to the business of cultivating agricultural products, as long as the restraint is reasonably necessary for the safety of the dog; or
iii. Tethered, chained, tied, or restrained by a veterinarian or groomer while attending to the dog; or
iv. Trained or being trained, to act in a law enforcement capacity; or
v. Being lawfully used to actively hunt a species of wildlife in this state, during the hunting season, for that species of wildlife; or
vi. Tethered temporarily while being kept in a bonafide humane shelter or at a commercial boarding facility; or
vii. Tethered in accordance with the regulations of a camping or recreational area; or
viii. Being cared for as part of a rescue operation during a natural or man-made disaster; or
ix. Being transported in a vehicle.

c. Notwithstanding the exceptions provided above, a dog that is sick or injured cannot be tethered as a means of confinement by the owner nor may a puppy under the age of six (6) months be tethered at any time unless the owner is present and attending to the puppy during the entire time the puppy is tethered.

2.The recommended penalty for a violation of this section is a fine of one hundred and fifty dollars ($150.00) for the first offense and five hundred dollars ($500.00) for any repeat violation within five (5) years of a previous offense. If injury or damage to the dog occurs such that care by a veterinarian is required, the recommended penalty shall be a fine of five hundred dollars ($500.00) for the first offense and one thousand dollars ($1,000.00) for any repeat violation within five (5) years of a previous offense. If severe injury or death of the dog results, the recommended penalty shall be one thousand dollars ($1,000.00) for the first offense and five thousand dollars ($5,000.00) for any repeat violation within five (5) years of a previous offense.


Marion County, Florida

http://www.marioncountyfl.org/home/showdocument?id=5694

What the Marion County ordinance says about tethering:
- Dogs cannot be tethered outside without supervision. The owner or responsible person must be outdoors with and in visible range of the tethered dog. That means the dog owner or responsible person can’t leave the property while the dog is tethered outside and dogs can never be tethered on abandoned property.
- If a dog is tethered (while supervised or during a temporary task), the tether must meet safety requirements outlined in the ordinance.

There are two exceptions to the prohibition of unattended tethering:

1. The dog can be left tethered outside alone for up to 30 minutes while owners or those responsible for it go inside to complete a temporary task. A temporary task means a short-duration activity for which a dog
might need to be kept outside. Some examples include cooking meals, vacuuming carpets, mopping floors and bathing children. The temporary task cannot exceed 30 minutes.

2. This prohibition doesn’t apply to dogs kept or used on working farms. A working farm is an operation that has
been granted an agricultural classification from the Marion County Property Appraiser.

Questions? We’d be happy to help. Give Marion County Animal Services a call at 352-671-8727 or
email us at animalservices@marioncountyfl.org.


Martin County, Florida - November 14, 2015

This jurisdiction strengthened its previous ordinance, which had allowed 10 hours of tethering, by outright banning tethering under certain conditions.

Sec. 9.92. – Animal care and treatment.
1.The following shall constitute violations relating to the proper care and treatment of animals:
...
6.No dog shall be tethered unless all of the following conditions are met.
7.The dog is in visual range of the responsible party, and the responsible party is located outside with the dog.
8.Any tethering system employed shall not allow the animal to leave the owner’s property.
9.The dog is tethered in such a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation, or entanglement.
10.The dog is not sick or injured.
11.The dog is at least six (6) months of age, and no more than seven (7) years of age.
12.The dog has access to water, shade, and dry ground.
13.If there are multiple dogs, each dog is tethered separately.
14.The dog may not be tethered under weather conditions which endanger the health, safety or welfare of the animal; including but not limited to hurricanes, tropical storms or tornadoes.
15.The tether is attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the dog. Prong, choke or chain collars are prohibited in the use of tethering animals. A “choke” collar as used in this section shall mean any slip or sliding collar that restricts the animal’s airway.
16.The length and weight of the tether shall be appropriate for the animal breed and shall be a minimum of ten (10) feet long or five (5) times the length of the animal, as measured from the tip of the nose to the base of the tail, whichever is greater.


Manatee County, Florida
May 2012

Sec. 2-4-8. Humane treatment of animals

D. Under no circumstances shall a person improperly tether any animal. It shall be unlawful for any owner to tether an animal outdoors, except when all of the following conditions are met:

1. The animal is within visual range of the owner, and the owner is located outside with the animal.
2. The tether is connected to the animal by a buckle-type collar or a body harness made of nylon or leather, not less than one inch in width.
3. The tether has the following features:
a. It is at least five (5) times the length of the animal’s body, as measured from the tip of the nose to the base of the tail;
b. It terminates at both ends with a swivel
c. It does not weigh more than one-eighth the animals weight; and
d. Is free of tangles.
4. The animal is tethered in such a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation or entanglement.
5. The animal is not outside during a period of extreme weather, including without limitation, extreme heat or near-freezing temperatures, thunderstorms, tornadoes, tropical storms or hurricanes.
6. The animal has access to water, shelter and dry ground.
7. The animal is at least six 6) months of age. Puppies, kittens and other young animals shall not be tethered.
8. The animal is not sick or injured.
9. Pulley, running line, or trolley systems are at least fifteen (15) feet in length and are less than seven (7) feet off the ground.
10. If there are multiple animals, each animal is tethered separately.


Miami Dade County, Florida - April 2008
Tethering is prohibited unless the owner is outside with the dog and other requirements are met.

The Preamble to Miami’s new ordinance notes: “improper tethering and care of dogs is atrocious and made worse by the extreme heat in South Florida” and “improper tethering of dogs is problematic, injurious and can be life threatening to dogs.”

(a) As used in this section, tether means to restrain a dog by tying the dog to any object or structure, including without limitation a house, tree, fence,  post, garage, or shed, by any means, including without limitation a chain,
rope, cord, leash, or running line. Tethering shall not include using a leash to walk a dog.
(b) It shall be unlawful for a responsible party to tether the dog while outdoors, except when all of the following conditions are met:
(1) The dog is in visual range of the responsible party, and the responsible party is located outside with the dog.
(2) The tether is connected to the dog by a buckle-type collar or a body harness made of nylon or leather, not less than one inch in width.
(3) The tether has the following properties: it is at least five times the length of the dog's body, as measured from the tip of the nose to the base of the tail; it terminates at both ends with a swivel; it does not weigh more than
1/8 of the dog's weight; and it is free of tangles.
(4) The dog is tethered in such a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation, or entanglement.
(5) The dog is not outside during a period of extreme weather, including without limitation extreme heat or near-freezing temperatures, thunderstorms, tornadoes, tropical storms, or hurricanes.
(6) The dog has access to water, shelter, and dry ground.
(7) The dog is at least six (6) months of age. Puppies shall not be tethered.
(8) The dog is not sick or injured.
(9) Pulley, running line, or trolley systems are at least 15 feet in length and are less than 7 feet above the ground.
(10) If there are multiple dogs, each dog is tethered separately.
 


Mount Dora, Florida
October 2, 2012

Animals may not be tethered unless the guardian is physically present and the animal is within visual range of him or her.

Sec. 18.180 Prohibition of Tethering of Dogs
a. It is a violation of this section for any owner to tether a dog or to confine a dog to a tether, except when:
1. The dog is in visual range of the owner who must also be physically present with the dog and attending to it while it is tethered; and
i. The tether is connected to the dog by a commercially available buckle-type collar or a body harness made of nylon or leather that is of sufficient size to adequately and safely restrain the dog; and
ii. The tether is of a size and weight that is reasonably necessary to safely restrain the dog without placing excessive strain or weight on the dog; and
iii. The dog is not tethered outside in periods of extreme weather, including but not limited to extreme heat or cold, thunderstorms, lightning, tornadoes, tropical storms, or hurricanes.

2. A dog is tethered in a manner and under conditions that do not jeopardize its health, safety, or well-being and the dog is:
i. In attendance at, or participating in, any legal, organized publicly attended event in which both dog and owner are permitted attendees or participants; or
ii. Actively engaged in conduct that is directly related to the business of shepherding or herding cattle or livestock or related to the business of cultivating agricultural products, as long as the restraint is reasonably necessary for the safety of the dog; or
iii. Tethered, chained, tied, or restrained by a veterinarian or groomer while attending to the dog; or
iv. Trained or being trained to act in a law enforcement capacity; or
v. Being lawfully used to actively hunt a species of wildlife in this state, during the hunting season for that species of wildlife; or
vi. Tethered temporarily while being kept in a bona fide humane shelter or at a commercial boarding facility; or
vii. Tethered in accordance with the regulations of a camping or recreational area; or
viii. Being cared for as part of a rescue operation during a natural or man-made disaster; or
ix. Being transported in vehicle.

3. Notwithstanding the exceptions provided above, a dog that is sick or injured cannot be tethered as a means of confinement by the owner nor may a puppy under the age of six (6) months be tethered at any time unless the owner is present and attending to the puppy during the entire time the puppy is tethered.
b. A violation of this section shall be a class II violation for the first offense and a class III violation for any repeat offense within five (5) years of a previous offense. If injury or damage to the dog occurs such that care by a veterinarian is required, then such violation shall be a class III offense for the first offense and a class IV offense for any repeat violation within five (5) years of a previous offense. If the code enforcement board finds the violation to be irreparable or irreversible in nature due to the severe injury or death of a dog due to a violation of this section, then the code enforcement board may impose a fine not to exceed $5,000.00 per violation.
 


Okaloosa, Florida
Tethering dogs and cats is prohibited.

Sec. 5-28. Restraint and confinement to property. (d) Dogs or cats shall not be chained, tied, fastened or otherwise tethered to dog houses, trees, fences or other stationary objects as a means of confinement to property.


Palm Beach County, Florida
March 15, 2011

Animals may not be tethered while unattended.

Sec. 4-24. – Animal care; manner of keeping.

(d) No person shall tether an animal to a stationary or inanimate object as a means of confinement or restraint unless such person is with the animal and the animal is at all times visible to such person. Choke or prong type collars shall not be used on an animal while such animal is tethered. As used in this chapter, tether means to restrain an animal by tying the animal to any object or structure, including without limitation a house, tree, fence, post, garage, or shed, by any means, including without limitation a chain, rope, cord, leash, or running line. Tethering shall not include using a leash or lead to walk an animal. Notwithstanding the foregoing, an animal may be tethered while actively participating in or attending an organized show, field trial, agility event, herding contest or other similar exposition or event, of a limited duration, that involves the judging or evaluation of animals.


Pasco County, Florida

April 23, 2013

This ordinance bans unattended tethering.

Sec. 14-104. – Tethering.

(a) As used in this section, tethering means to restrain a dog to any object or structure, including, without limitation, a house, tree, fence, post, garage or shed, by any means, including, without limitation, chain, rope, cord, leash or running line. Tethering shall not include using a leash to walk a dog.

(b) It shall be unlawful for a person with physical control, custody, or care of a dog, or a person responsible for a dog’s care, to tether a dog outdoors, except when all of the following conditions are met:

(1) The dog is in visual range of the person described in subsection 14-104(b) above; and

(2) That person is outside with the dog while the dog is tethered.

(c) No operator of a motor vehicle shall transport or keep an animal in or on any motor vehicle, unless the animal is safely enclosed within the vehicle, or protected by a container, cage, or is secured by at least two points of restraint on opposite sides of the vehicle, or by another method or device that will prevent the animal from falling, being thrown, or jumping from the vehicle.

(d) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to prohibit the transportation of horses, cattle, sheep, poultry or other agricultural livestock in trailers or other vehicles designed and constructed for such purposes.

(e) It is intended that the provisions of this section are in addition to, and not intended to replace, the provisions in section 14-37 concerning cruelty.


Pembroke Park, Florida
January 11, 2012

Animals may not be tethered unless someone is with the animal and the animal is visible to that person at all times. Choke or prong collars may not be used for tethering, and dogs may not be tethered for purposes of training on any treadmill device. Dogs may not be kept outside during extreme weather.

Sec. 4-11. – Impoundment and care of dogs.

(a) No person shall tether an animal to a stationary or inanimate object as a means of confinement or restraint unless such person is with the animal and the animal is at all times visible to such person. Choke or prong type collars shall not be used on an animal while such animal is tethered. As used in this chapter, tether means to restrain an animal by tying the animal to any object or structure, including without limitation, a house, tree, fence, post, garage, or shed, by any means, including without limitation, a chain, rope, cord, leash, or running line. Tethering shall not include using a leash or lead to walk an animal. Notwithstanding the foregoing, an animal may be tethered while actively participating in or attending an organized show, field trial, agility event, herding contest or other similar exposition or even, of a limited duration, that involves the judging or evaluation of animals.

(b) Any dog maintained outdoors for all or part of the day in a fenced yard or other type of enclosure shall be provided a minimum of eighty (80) square feet of open space. An additional forty (40) square feet shall be required for each additional dog kept in the same enclosed area. Each dog shall be provided sufficient shelter within the enclosed area. Any enclosed area where a dog is confined shall be kept free of objects that may injure the dog and shall be cleaned regularly to remove feces. Dogs shall not be maintained outdoors during periods of extreme weather including but not limited to hurricane, tropical storms, and tornados.

(c) No dog shall be tethered, tied or chained outdoors at any time for the purposes of training on any treadmill device.

(d) Any owner, agent, employee, servant or other person having charge of the premises where any dog is located must provide clean, safe and humane conditions for dogs which are outdoors on private property, which conditions include, but are not limited to, sufficient food and water, shelter from cold, heat and rain with adequate shelter and ventilation.


Pinellas County, Florida
November 3, 2014

Sec. 14-31. – Unlawful restraint of dogs and cats.

(a) No person shall tether, fasten, chain, tie, or restrain a dog or cat, or cause a dog or cat to be tethered, fastened, chained, tied, or restrained, to a dog house, tree, fence, or any other stationary object.

(b) Notwithstanding subsection (a), a person may do the following:

(1) A dog or cat may be tethered when it is in visual range of the owner, and the owner is located outside with the tethered animal.

(2) Tether, fasten, chain, tie, or otherwise restrain a dog or cat pursuant to the requirements of a camping or recreational area.

(c) In all cases where tethering is permissible the following conditions must be met:

(1) The dog or cat must be attached to the tether by a buckle type collar or a body harness. A dog or cat shall not be tethered by means of a choke-type, pinch-type, prong-type, or improperly fitting collar;

(2) The tether has the following properties: it is at least five times the length of the tethered animal’s body, as measured from the tip of the nose to the base of the tail; it terminates at both ends with a swivel; it does not weigh more than one-eighth of the tethered animal’s weight; and it is free of tangles;

(3) The dog or cat is tethered in such a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation, or entanglement;

(4) If there are multiple dogs or cats, each dog or cat must be tethered separately. The tethering of each dog or cat must be in accordance with the requirements of this code;

(5) The dog or cat is not outside during a period of extreme weather, including without limitation extreme heat or near-freezing temperatures, thunderstorms, tornadoes, tropical storms, or hurricanes;

(6) The dog or cat has access to water, adequate shelter, and dry ground;

(7) The dog or cat is at least six months of age. Puppies or kittens shall not be tethered; and

(8) The dog or cat is not sick or injured.


Sarasota County, Florida
September 15, 2010

Sec. 14-44. – Cruelty to Animals prohibited.

(f) Under no circumstances shall a person improperly Tether any Animal. It shall be unlawful for an Owner to tether an Animal outdoors, except for when all of the following conditions are met:
(1) The Animal is in visual range of the Owner, and the Owner is located outside with the Animal.
(2) The tether is connected to the Animal by a buckle-type collar or a body harness made of nylon or leather, not less than one inch in width.
(3) The tether has the following properties:
a. It is at least five times the length of the Animal’s body, as measured from the tip of the nose to the base of the tail;
b. It terminates at both ends with a swivel;
c. It does not weigh more than one-eighth of the Animal’s weight; and
d. Is free of tangles.
(4) The Animal is tethered in such a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation, or entanglement.
(5) The Animal is not outside during a period of extreme weather, including without limitation extreme heat or near-freezing temperatures, thunderstorms, tornadoes, tropical storms, or hurricanes.
(6) The Animal has access to water, shelter, and dry ground. (7) The Animal is at least six months of age. Puppies, kittens, and other young Animals shall not be tethered.
(8) The Animal is not sick or injured.
(9) Pulley, running line, or trolley systems are at least 15 feet in length and are less than seven feet above the ground.
(10) If there are multiple Animals, each Animal is tethered separately.


Seminole Florida
2009
From the Seminole Beacon http://www.tbnweekly.com/pubs/seminole_beacon/content_articles/122909_smb-01.txt

SEMINOLE – It’s official. Anyone who ties up an unattended dog will be subject to a fine from the city of Seminole. After hearing arguments from both sides of the issue, the Seminole City Council voted unanimously on second reading Dec. 22 to pass an ordinance that prohibits dog owners from leaving their pets chained up...Councilor Dan Hester, who sponsored the ordinance, reminded Doyle the ordinance does not prevent dog owners from tethering in all instances.

“You can (tether a dog) but you must be with your dog,” said Hester. “If you leave to go to the store, you would be in violation of the ordinance.”...The ordinance affects only pet owners who leave dogs outside unattended. Dogs may still be on a tether if the owner is outside within visual range of the animal...Tethered canines must be at least 6 months old and have access to water, shelter and dry ground. Pulleys, running lines and trolley systems must be at least 15 feet in length and no less than 7 feet above the ground.


St. Lucie County, Florida
September 15, 2015

This ordinance bans unattended tethering. It allows trolley systems in the presence of the animal’s guardian.

Sec. 6-26. Animal care.

(j) No animal shall be tethered unless all of the following provisions are met:
1.Animals younger than six (6) months old, older than seven (7) years, or ill shall not be tethered.

[sic]
3.The length and weight of the tether shall be appropriate for the animal breed and shall be a minimum of ten (10) feet long or four (4) times the length of the animal (measured from tip of nose to base of tail), whichever is greater.
4.The tether must have swivels at both ends of the rope, chain or similar restraint for holding an animal in place, allowing a short radius in which it can move about and not become tangled.
5.Prong, choke or chain collars are prohibited in the use of tethering animal [sic].
6.Area which the animal may reach while tethered shall be free of entanglements.
7.The length and location of the tether must not allow the animal to reach a fence or neighboring property.
8.Collar weight shall be appropriate for the animal as determined by a reasonable person:
9.The animal must be in view of the person responsible for the animal at all times while tethered.
10.A trolley system is permitted.
11.An animal may not be tethered in extreme weather, including but not limited to hurricanes, tropical storms or tornados.
12.The animal shall have access to a dry and raised area at all times.


Athens-Clarke County, Georgia
November 6, 2007

Dogs may be tethered only temporarily and only while attended by their owners.

Sec. 4-1-2. – Keeping domestic animals under control.

(a) It shall be unlawful for any owner of a domestic animal to chain, tie, fasten or otherwise tether the animal to dog houses, trees, fences, vehicles or other stationary objects as a means of confinement except that the animal may be temporarily confined by a tether while attended by its owner.


Augusta, Georgia

No unattended tethering is permitted.

Sec 4-1-37. Tethering.

Dogs may be tethered outside so long as the owner remains outside with the dog and maintains the animal within the owner’s line of sight.


Bainbridge, Georgia
August 3, 2010

Dogs may not be tethered to a stationary object except while a person performs a temporary task for less than one hour. Dogs may be tethered to a running line, pulley, or trolley system.

Section 10-36. Dog Tethering
(a) No person shall tether, fasten, chain, tie, or restrain a dog, or cause a dog to be tethered, fastened, chained, tied, or restrained, to a dog house, tree, fence, or any other stationary object.
(b) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), a person may do any of the following:
(1) Attach a dog to a running line, pulley, or trolley system. A dog shall not be tethered to the running line, pulley, or trolley system by means of a choke collar or pinch collar.
(2) Tether, fasten, chain, or tie a dog no longer than is necessary for the person to complete a temporary task that requires the dog to be restrained for a period not to exceed one hour.


Bibb County, Georgia
August 2, 2010

Animals may not be tethered while unattended by their guardians.

Sec. 4-26. – Tethering and transport of dogs and cats; prohibited conduct.
(a) It shall be unlawful for any owner or other person controlling or possessing any dog or cat to:
(1) Leave a dog or cat tethered outdoors while unattended by its owner;
(2) Tether a dog or cat except by means of a properly fitting harness or collar of nylon or leather construction and a tether in proportion to the size of the animal. The tether must be at least 15 feet in length with a swivel at both ends;
(3) Tether a dog or cat outdoors under conditions where the animal or tether can become entangled on the tether, another animal, or some other object or where the tether can restrict the animal’s access to suitable, edible, and sufficient food, clean water (cool in summer and unfrozen in winter), and appropriate shelter;
(4) Tether a dog or cat outdoors in unsafe or unsanitary conditions or when said tether does not allow the animal to defecate or urinate in an area separate from the areas where it must eat, drink or lie down;


Blakely, Georgia
March 2008

ARTICLE III. CONFINEMENT, VACCINATION REQUIREMENTS, AND PROHIBITED CONDITIONS
Section 4.34 Prohibited Conditions.
c. No person shall permanently harness or tether an animal.

www.earlycountynews.com - Chaining or tying dogs is no longer an option for city residents. The Blakely City Council voted at its March 4, 2008 meeting to adopt a change in the city's animal control ordinance that prohibits tethering dogs and requires owners to provide a pen or fenced yard instead.

In addition, the ordinance requires that owners prevent their animals from becoming nuisances to others and that when not secured in a pen or fenced yard, dogs must be on a leash held by an able-bodied person.


Chatham County, Georgia

August 12, 2005
This ordinance prohibits the tethering of dogs and cats to any object, stationary or otherwise, in unincorporated areas of the county.

§ 22-139 Tethering.
It shall be prohibited in unincorporated Chatham County to retain or confine to property of dogs or cats in a manner achieved by stationary or non-stationary dog houses, barrels or other stationary object as such means of confinement within the property.

22-137 Animal Neglect
A person that is the owner or custodian of any animal may be found to be guilty of animal neglect by a finding that any one or more of the following conditions were allowed to exist:

a) Lack of immediately available proper drinking water or inadequate supply of drinkable water
b) Lack of wholesome, palatable, free from contamination food or sustenance to be provided in sufficient quantity
c) failure to provide an animal sufficient space to stand to full height, turn around, lay dog and make normal postural adjustments for comfort
d) the lack of providing a stationary shelter from weather such as sun, rain, wind, or inclement weather or to maintain said shelter in a clean, sanitary condition free of excrement and unreasonable objectionable odors.
e) to have an animal in possession that is known to or suspected to have an injury, accidental or deliberate, or to exhibit any signs of disease, shock, temperature fluctuations, tremors, swelling, open wounds, inability to eat, blistering or abnormal bleeding, partial paralysis, discharging blood or mucus. failure to arrange for medical care.


Cobb County, Georgia

 Sec. 10-11. Control of Animal.
(a) General Control.Restraint of dogs and/or animals shall be maintained as follows:
a. When upon the premises of the owner, all animals shall be kept indoors or in a primary enclosure as defined by this chapter in such a manner as to contain the animal within the bounds of the owner’s premises, or
on a leash in the hands of a person that possesses the ability to restrain the animal. Tethering as a means of primary enclosure is not permitted.


Douglas County, Georgia
Jan. 15, 2008

Domesticated animals may not be tethered while unattended or as a permanent method of restraint.

Sec. 5-42. Confinement of animals generally, vicious animals, etc.

(a) An owner of a domesticated animal, whether vaccinated or not vaccinated, shall confine such domesticated animal within an adequate fence or enclosure or within a house, garage or other building to prevent the animal from running at large. No animal shall be tied or tethered as a permanent measure of restrain. [sic] No animal shall be left unattended on a chain, lead, runner, cable, rope, leash or similar tethering device.


Fulton County, Georgia
September 4, 2009

Dogs may not be left tethered while unattended.

Sec. 34-205. Running at large

(b) (5) It shall be unlawful for the owner, custodian, or harborer of any dog to restrain or anchor such animal by means of a tether. Notwithstanding the prior sentence, a dog may be temporarily restrained by means of a tether while the dog is attended by its owner, custodian, or harborer.

(6) Any tether used to temporarily confine a dog while attended by its owner, custodian, or harborer as provided in subsection (5), above, must be attached to a properly fitted collar or harness and shall not be wrapped directly around the dog’s neck.


Gwinnett County, Georgia
July 1, 2015

http://www.gwinnettcounty.com/departments/animal_welfare/pdf/Animal_Control_Ordinance.pdf

This jurisdiction strengthened its previous ordinance by outright banning tethering under certain conditions.

Sec. 10-29. – Restraint.

(c) It shall be unlawful to tether an animal outdoors, except when all of the following conditions are met:
(1) The owner or adult custodian of the animal must be outside with the animal at all times and the animal must be visible to the owner.
(2) Single point tethering is prohibited
(3) Tethering an animal by a trolley system is the only approved form of tether.
(4) Only one animal may be attached to each trolley system;
(5) Any cable attached to the trolley system and attached to an animal must be at least ten feet in length and shall not allow the animal to come within five feet of the edge of the property line of the property upon which such animal is tethered;
(6) Tethers must be made of a substance which cannot be chewed by the animal, shall not weigh more than five percent of the body weight of the animal, and shall have a swivel on each end;
(7) The trolley system must be at least ten feet in length and mounted no more than seven feet above the ground level;
(8) The length of the tether from the trolley system to the animal’s collar should allow access to the maximum available exercise area and allow the animal free access to food, water, and shelter;
(9) The animal must be attached to the tether by a properly fitted harness or collar with enough room between the collar and the animal’s throat through which two fingers may fit. Choke collars and pinch collars are prohibited for the purpose of tethering an animal;
(10) The trolley system must be a sufficient distance from any other objects or animals to prohibit the tangling of the cable, to prohibit the cable from extending over an object or an edge that could result in injury or strangulation of the animal and be of sufficient distance from any fence so as to prohibit the animal from having access to the fence;
(11) The animal is not outside during extreme weather, including, but not limited to extreme heat or near freezing temperatures, or storms;
(12) The animal is at least six months of age; and
(13) The animal is not sick or injured.
(14) When an animal is found tethered unattended but in compliance with the remaining provisions of this subsection and the owner has received no prior warnings, or citations concerning tethering, an officer may provide information or a warning about proper tethering methods.


Houston Co. Georgia
Restraint means any animal which is on a leash or at heel or beside a competent person and obedient to that person's commands, or within a vehicle being driven or parked on the streets and roads of Houston County, or in a fenced area within the real property limits of the owner (if zoned R-1, R-2, R-3, R-4, RMH or PUD), or within the property limits of a RAG zone. Invisible fence systems are allowed if they are maintained in good working order and keep the animal contained. The primary means of restraint within the property may not be by means of a chain, cable, rope or other stakeout or tieout device.


Macon/Bibb County Georgia
Sec. 5-20. Tethering and transport, prohibited conduct.
(a) It shall be unlawful for any owner or other person controlling or possessing any dog or cat to:
(1) Leave a dog or cat tethered outdoors while unattended by its owner.
(2) Tether a dog or cat except by means of a properly fitting harness or collar of nylon or leather construction and a tether in proportion to the size of the animal. The tether must be at least fifteen (15) feet in length with a swivel at both ends.
(3) Tether a dog or cat outdoors under conditions where the animal or tether can become entangled on the tether, another animal, or some other object or where the tether can restrict the animal's access to suitable, edible, and sufficient food, clean water (cool in summer and unfrozen in winter), and appropriate shelter.
(4) Tether a dog or cat outdoors in unsafe or unsanitary conditions or when said tether does not allow the animal to defecate or urinate in an area separate from the areas where it must eat, drink or lie down.
(5) Expose a dog or cat to any weather conditions that cause immediate imminent threat to the animal's physical well-being.
(6) Transport any dog or cat in the bed of a pick truck unless the dog or cat is secured inside of a commercially designed container intended for the safe transport of dog and cats or otherwise secured so as not to allow the dog or cat the ability to escape from the vehicle.
(b) A person who is convicted, pleads guilty or nolo contendre to a violation of this section shall suffer the following minimum punishment:
(1) First offense, minimum fine: thirty-five dollars ($35.00).
(2) Second offense within a one-year period, minimum fine: fifty dollars ($50.00).
(3) Third offense within a one-year period, minimum fine: seventy-five dollars ($75.00).
(4) Fourth or subsequent offense within a one-year period, minimum fine: one hundred dollars ($100.00).


Monroe, Georgia

March 2014
http://www.covingtonvetclinic.com/2014/03/12/672/

It shall be unlawful for any owner of a domestic animal to chain, tie, fasten or otherwise tether the animal to dog houses, trees, fences, vehicles or other stationary objects as a means of confinement except that the animal may be temporarily confined by a tether while attended by its owner.

Any tether used to temporarily confine an animal while attended by its owner must be attached to a collar or harness and shall not be wrapped directly around the animal’s neck. Such tethers shall not be excessively heavy or weighted so as to inhibit the animal’s movement.


Terrell County, Georgia
January 17, 2012

No person shall permanently harness or tether an animal.


Terre Haute, Indiana
October 11, 2007

Animals may be tethered only for as long as necessary while the owner or custodian completes a temporary task.

Sec. 6-86 Animal Care.

i. Tethering. (Gen. Ord. No. 16, 2007, 10-11-07)

(1) It shall be unlawful for any person to tether, fasten, chain, tie, or restrain or cause an animal to be fastened, chained, tied, or restrained to (but not limited to) houses, trees, fences, garages, or other stationary or highly immobile objects by means of a rope, chain, strap or other physical restraint for the purpose of confinement, except in circumstances where all of thefollowing requirements are met:

(a) The tethering shall not be for more time than is necessary for the animal owner or custodian to complete a temporary task that requires the animal to be physically restrained for a reasonable period.
(b) The animal must be tethered by a non-choke type and properly fitted collar made
of leather, nylon or other non-abrasive material or a body harness to a tether, that is at least five (5) times the body length of the animal, measured from the animal’s nose to the base of the tail and which the chain and tether is free from entanglement, so as to as to allow the animal to move about freely. No chain or tether shall weigh more than one-eighth (1/8) of the animal’s weight.
(2) The animal must have access to food, water and shelter at all times.
(3) The animal shall be monitored periodically.


Frankfort, Kentucky
Dec. 16, 2010

Dogs may not be tethered while unattended.

90.31 CRUELTY TO ANIMALS UNLAWFUL.

(B) Other forms of cruelty declared unlawful include:

(5) Minimum standards for restraint of dogs.

(a) It shall be a violation of this section for the owner or person in possession of any dog to tie, chain, or otherwise tether a dog; provided, however, that a dog may be temporarily tethered, tied or chained if attended by its owner or any person over the age of 14 years. A person walking a dog on a leash shall not be considered to be tethering a dog.

(b) The prohibition of this section does not apply to a temporary restraint during a lawful animal event, veterinary treatment, grooming, or law enforcement activity.

(c) A person restraining a dog with a chain or tether shall attach the chain or tether to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the dog. A person may not wrap a chain or tether directly around a dog’s neck. All collars used for the purpose of tethering animals must be made of durable and non-metallic material. Using a chain, choke or pinch collar while tethering is prohibited. A person may not restrain a dog with a chain or tether that weighs more than 1/18 of the dog’s body weight. A chain or tether used to restrain a dog must, by design and placement, be unlikely to become entangled.

(d) Where an officer authorized to enforce this section pursuant to • 90.32 observes a dog being kept on a chain or tether in violation of this section, the officer may notify the owner of the violation in person or by means of a notice placed at the entry to the property. If the owner does not comply with this section within seven days of issuance of this notice, the dog may be impounded and the owner shall be fined as set forth in • 90.99 (C).

(e) A person is considered to be attending a dog while tethered if the dog is under the person’s direct and immediate control and supervision.

(♣70 Code, • 8.04.120) (Ord. 9-92, 1992, passed 10-12-92; Am. Ord. 19, 2010, 12-16-10)


Gramercy, Louisiana
October 8, 2007

This ordinance completely prohibits the chaining of dogs to stationary objects.

Sec. 10-98. – Prohibit of chaining.

To prohibit the chaining or tethering of dogs and mandating that dog enclosures must provide 100 square feet of space for dogs over six months of age.

(a) Any person owning and/or controlling dogs shall have them vaccinated, shall not allow said animal to be tied or chained to dog houses, and/or other stationery [sic] objects.

(b) No person shall, at any time, fasten, chain, or tie any dog or cause such dog to be fastened, chained or tied while such dog is on the dog owner’s property or on the property of the dog owner’s landlord, or on any property or on the property of the dog owner’s, or on any property within the corporate limits of the Town of Gramercy, Louisiana.

(c) Any dogs confined within a fenced yard must have an adequate space for exercise based on a dimension of at least 100 square feet per dog. Provided, further that where dogs are kept or housed on property without a fenced yard, the owner of such dogs or persons have custody of such dogs shall provide an enclosure for such dogs meeting the 100 square foot per dog dimension. Such enclosure shall be constructed of chain link or similar type materials with all four sides enclosed. The enclosure shall be sufficient height to prevent the dog from escaping from such enclosure.

(d) Nothing in this article shall be construed to prohibit owners or others walking dogs with a hand held leash.

(e) Nothing in this article shall be construed to prohibit owners from allowing dogs to be attached to over head runs. (i.e. leash or chain attached to an over head wire at least 10 feet long, that allows the dog to move unheeded.)


Queen Anne’s County, Maryland
February 24, 2015

This ordinance prohibits any form of tying, chaining, or tethering unless the dog is within visual range of his or her guardian.
•9-15 Standard Regulations of Care for Domestic Animals and Domesticated Livestock

Tethering
1.Tethering is prohibited unless the dog is in visual range of the responsible party, and the responsible party is located outside with the dog.
2.A tether to confine a dog shall be a minimum of 15ft if the yard permits but under no circumstances less than 10ft.
3.The tether shall be comprised of a coated cable designed for animal use. (CHAINS & ROPES ARE NOT ACCEPTABLE). The cable must have swivels at both ends to prevent kinking and knotting. The cable must be attached to a buckle type collar or properly fitted harness. The harness or collar must be made of a material that prevents choking and shall be monitored regularly so as to assure proper fit, prevent discomfort or injury. The area covered shall be maintained so that the tether cannot become entangled or pose a substantial risk of injury to the dog and shall be positioned so that the dog cannot wrap the tether around posts, trees or debris, or hang by jumping a fence or guardrail, or drown by jumping into a pool.
4.Enclosed buildings and sheds that are used for shelter, see earlier reference regarding “Shelter”, shall have;
5.Readily available outdoor access and be properly ventilated.
6.Be reasonably lighted.
7.Provide protection from the weather.
8.Maintain a temperature considered safe for the animal’s health as determined by the breed and condition of the dog.
9.Kept in good repair at all times.


Hastings, Minnesota
January 21, 2014

Animals may not be left tethered unattended. Tethering shall not be used as a primary means of confinement.

§ 91.33 (G) Tethering.
a). No person shall leave an animal unattended while chained, tied, fastened or otherwise tethered for a period of time or to the extent that the animal is deprived of adequate food, water, or shelter.
b). No person shall tether an animal as a primary means of confinement. Stationary confinement by tethering shall be considered cruel treatment.
c). A single animal may be attached to a cable line or trolley system if the system allows the animal adequate access to food, water, and shelter with freedom to move, lie down, and access shelter.


New Orleans, Louisiana
Stationary confinement by tethering considered cruel treatment.

Sec. 18-2.1

(a) Shelter and Care.
(1) Shelter must be sanitary, of sound construction, and provide adequate protection from the cold and heat. Shelter must be placed in a dry area free of debris, feces, and standing water. It must have at least three sides and a weatherproof roof; have a solid sanitary floor, be adequately ventilated; provide shelter from wind, rain, sun and the elements at all times. Suitable drainage must be provided so that water is not standing in or around the shelter.
(2) Shelter must be large enough for the animal to stand, turn around, and lie down without touching the sides or top of the shelter.
(3) When outdoor temperatures reach freezing levels, all cats, dogs, and small domestic animals must be moved indoors or to an area that provides heat and shelter from the weather.
(4) All areas where animals are kept shall be cleaned regularly so that fecal matter is disposed of so not to attract insects or rodents, become unsightly or cause objectionable odor.
(5) An animal control officer may remove an animal that is living in conditions that do not meet standards outlined in 18-2.1. If modifications to the shelter or living area do not meet the standards within five business days, that animal becomes the property of the LA/SPCA.
(6) If multiple animals are present in one location, each animal must have a separate and clean food bowl. Each animal must have access to shelter and the owner must meet all standards as detailed in this section.

(b) Tethering. No animal shall be tethered as a primary means of stationary confinement; stationary confinement by tethering shall be considered cruel treatment.


Carthage, Missouri
December 8, 1992 - Tethering dogs is prohibited.

Sec 4-7 (a) All dogs must be confined within a fenced area, unless on a leash not longer than six feet long. At no time may any dog be tied to or leashed to inanimate objects i.e. trees, posts, etc. (b) Persons found guilty of violating this section will be liable to fines ranging from: $25.00 - $200.00. However, if said dog has been spayed or neutered the fines may be reduced, upon provided proof.


Columbia, Missouri
March 2011
Sec. 5-6. Animal abuse; unlawful impoundment; unlawful confinement.
(a) Unlawful acts. It shall be unlawful for any person to:
(6) Tether an animal as the primary method of restraining an animal to any
property;
(7) Tether an animal using a choke collar;
(8) Tether an animal without using a properly fitted collar or harness made of
nylon or leather; or
(9) Tether an animal without using a tether of appropriate length and weight for
free animal movement that includes swivels at both ends.


Raytown, Missouri
July 17, 2007

Sec. 4-15. – Animals to be adequately restrained; tethering.
(a) It shall be unlawful for an owner, keeper or harborer of an animal or fowl to keep said animal without it being adequately restrained.
(b) [Reserved.]
(c) It shall be unlawful for an owner, keeper or harborer of an animal or fowl to allow such animal to run at large.
(d) It shall be unlawful for an owner, keeper or harborer of animal to tether the animal outside except when the owner, keeper or harborer of the animal is visibly supervising the animal, whether outside or from inside a residence.


Bernalillo County, New Mexico
November 2012

Animals may not be tethered to a stationary object as a form of confinement.

Sec. 6-43. – Restraint of Animals.
a. A person owning or having charge, custody, care, or control over a companion animal, including livestock, shall keep the animal upon his or her own premises within a secure enclosed pen, or in an area containing a fence or wall of sufficient height surrounding the perimeter of the property. It shall be unlawful to tether a companion animal as a form of confinement.
1. Fixed point tethering of any companion animal to stationary objects is permitted in limited circumstances such as picnics or gatherings in a park or open space, for emergency purposes to permit an individual to render aid to a human or another animal and only when the owner is immediately present.


Los Ranchos, New Mexico

June 8, 2016

Section 7.2.5 OWNER’S DUTIES AND PROHIBITED ACTIVITIES

(C) RESTRAINT OF ANIMALS. A person owning or having charge, custody, care, or control over a companion animal, shall keep the animal upon his or her own premises within a secure enclosed pen, or in an area containing a fence or wall of sufficient height surrounding the perimeter of the property. It shall be unlawful to tether a companion animal as a form of confinement.
1.Fixed point tethering of any companion animal to stationary objects is permitted in limited circumstances such as picnics or gatherings in a park or open space, for emergency purposes to permit an individual to render aid to a human or another animal and only when the owner is immediately present.


Santa Fe County, New Mexico

January 31, 2017

Article 5, Section 5-2(A) [of Ordinance No. 1991-6] is repealed and replaced with the following:

A. It shall be unlawful to tether a dog as a form of confinement. Fixed point tethering of any dog to stationary objects is permitted in limited circumstances, such as picnics or gatherings in a park or open space, or for emergency purposes to permit an individual to render aide to a human or another animal and only when the owner is immediately present.


Asheville, North Carolina
September 22, 2009

This ordinance prohibits animals from being unattended and restrained by tether in any manner that prevents them from having access to food, water or shelter.

Sec. 3-12. Animal care.
(i) It shall be unlawful for an owner to leave a dog unattended and restrained by tether while outdoors.


Cary, North Carolina
April 19, 2012

Animals may not be left unattended while tethered.

Sec. 6-67. Animal abuse prohibited.
(a) Prohibited acts. All animals shall be kept and treated under sanitary and humane conditions
and it shall be unlawful for any person to engage in one or more of the following acts:
[…]
(12) Chaining or tethering (collectively, “tethering”) an animal to a stationary object without a responsible person remaining outside with the animal while it is tethered. When tethering is allowed, the following are also prohibited:
a. Using a length or weight of a chain or tether that is not appropriate for the size, weight and age of the animal. A chain or tether should not be less than ten feet long. Using a chain or tether that exceeds ten percent of the animal’s body weight shall be deemed not appropriate and potentially harmful.
b. Allowing an animal to be chained or tethered such that the animal is not confined to the owner’s property or such that the chain or tether can become entangled and prevent the animal from moving about freely or lying down comfortably.


Chapel Hill, North Carolina
March 23, 2009, Effective March 23, 2010

Sec. 4-5 Cruelty to Animals

(d) It shall be unlawful to tether a dog except under the following circumstances:

(1) Tethering for a period not to exceed seven consecutive days while actively engaged in:
(i) Shepherding or herding livestock.
(ii) Lawful dog activities such as hunting training, law enforcement training, veterinary treatment and/or the pursuit of working or competing in these legal endeavors.
(iii) Meeting the requirements of a camping or recreational area.


Clayton, North Carolina
August 4, 2008, effective October 4, 2008

Section 91.26 (D) Space requirements. Enclosures shall be constructed and maintained so as to provide sufficient space to allow each animal to make normal postural and social adjustments with adequate freedom of movement to maintain physical conditioning. The animal should be able to sit, stand, turn, and lie without obstruction. Adequate space for food and water containers must be provided. Inadequate space may be indicated by evidence of malnutrition, poor condition, debility, stress, or abnormal behavioral patterns. Animals shall not be tied, chained, fastened, or otherwise tethered to any stationary or inanimate object as a means of confinement or restraint to property, but must be in an approved enclosure.


Cumberland County, North Carolina
February 2, 2009

This ordinance prohibits the chaining of dogs outdoors except under certain circumstances, such as if tethering is necessary for the dog’s safety and a guardian remains with the dog while he or she is tethered.

Sec. 3-21. – Keeping of animals; mistreatment, abandonment prohibited; care; restraining of dogs; exercise area for dogs.

(H)
1.No pet shall be tethered outdoors unless the keeper or owner of the pet is holding the tether.
2.It shall be an affirmative defense to a violation of subsection 1 above that the tethering is required to protect the safety or welfare of a person or the dog, if the keeper or owner of the dog remains with the dog throughout the period of tethering.
3.The provisions of subsection 1 above shall not apply to a temporary tether (a) during a lawful animal event, veterinary treatment, grooming, training, or law enforcement activity, or (b) to a keeper or owner walking a dog with a hand-held leash, or (c) during lawful hunting activities if reasonably necessary for the safety of the dog, or (d) while a dog is actively engaged in sheperding [sic] or herding livestock, or (e) when meeting the requirements of a camping or recreation facility, or (f) when the animal’s caretaker is outside and within eyesight of the animal, or (g) after taking possession of a dog that appears to be a stray dog and after having advised the Animal Control Department of the stray.
4.The provisions of subsection 2 and 3 above shall apply only if (a) the tether is not placed directly around the dog’s neck and is attached to a properly fitting collar or harness of nylon or leather worn by the dog, and (b) the weight of the tether does not exceed more than one-tenth of the dog’s body weight, and (c) the tether is unlikely to become tangled or twisted, and (d) the tether is arranged to be free of any obstacles which may limit the moveable length of the tether, and (e) the dog is tethered in a manner that permits access to necessary shelter and water.


Davidson, North Carolina
April 2012

This ordinance prohibits the chaining of a dog with the exception of instances in which the dog is temporarily tethered under supervision of the responsible party.

Sec. 10-71. – Restraint of animals.

(b) Tethering. Dogs may not be tethered to a stationary object UNLESS a responsible adult (as described in 10-71 (a)) is in the immediate presence of the dog and the following conditions are met:
1.A tether shall be equipped with a swivel on both ends.
2.A tether shall be a minimum of ten (10) feet in length and shall be made of either metal chain or coated steel cable.
3.Tethers shall be attached to a buckle type collar or harness and under no circumstances shall the tether itself be placed directly around a dog’s neck. Tethers shall not be used in conjunction with training collars such as choke or pinch-style collars.
4.The weight of the tether shall not exceed ten percent (10%) of the total body weight of the dog but shall be of sufficient strength to prevent breakage.
5.The tether by design and placement shall allow the dog a reasonable and unobstructed range of motion without the possibility of entanglement, strangulation or other injury. The tether shall allow the dog access to adequate food, water and shelter.
6.A dog must be four (4) months of age or older to be tethered.
7.Only one dog shall be attached to a single tether.
8.Pulley systems, running lines and trolley systems may be used in conjunction with a tether.
9.Pulley systems, running lines or trolley systems shall be at least ten (10) feet in length and no more than seven (7) feet above the ground.

(a)The line of the pulley system, running line or trolley system to which the tether is attached shall be made of coated steel cable.

(b) No tether shall be affixed to a stationary object which would allow a dog to come within 5 feet of any property line.


Durham County, North Carolina
September 8, 2008 - effective January 1, 2010

Tethering is prohibited except when on an attended leash.

Sec. 4-13. Definitions
Tethering means tying out or fastening outdoors on a rope, chain or similar restraint for holding an animal. This shall not preclude restraining an animal within a secure enclosure inside the home or on an attended leash.

Sec. 4-62. General care; prohibited acts.
All animals shall be kept and treated under sanitary and humane conditions and it shall be
unlawful for any person to engage in one or more of the following acts:

(6) Tethering of an animal except under the following circumstances:

Tethering for a period not to exceed 7 days while actively engaged in:

A. shepherding or herding livestock
B. lawful dog activities such as hunting training and hunting sporting events, field and
obedience training, field or water training, law enforcement training, veterinary treatment,
and/or the pursuit of working or competing in these legal endeavors
C. meeting the requirements of a camping or recreational area

When participating in recognized exempt activities, tethered dogs shall be attended by a responsible person and shall be tethered in a manner that does not cause unjustifiable pain, suffering or risk of death.


Enfield, North Carolina
October 21, 2013

Sec. 90.24 Tethering of dogs prohibited.

It shall be unlawful to tether a dog to a tree, fence, post, dog house, or other stationary object. For purposes of this section, “tethering” means to tie or fasten a dog to a rope, chain, or other line for restraining a dog outdoors. The term does not mean to restrain a dog on an attended leash.

Sec. 90.25 Proper restraint of unattended dogs.

It shall be unlawful to keep any dog on private property unless it is retrained by a fence (including a wooden, metal, or electronic fence) or other such enclosure that is at least 50 square feet per dog and of sufficient height, weight, durability, strength, or other physical property to prevent the dog from escaping, unless the dog is restrained with a leash by a person of sufficient age and physical size or ability to restrain the animal. Dogs may be temporarily confined in an outdoor kennel for a reasonable period of time.


Forsyth County, North Carolina
October 24, 2016

This ordinance outlines limits on and standards for tethering, in addition to specifying penalties for failure to comply.

[S]ection 6-6 of the Forsyth County Code is hereby amended by replacing section 6-6(d) with the following, so as amended, to read:

(d) Tethering. It shall be unlawful for any person to restrain a dog using a chain, wire or other type of tethering device in a manner prohibited by this subsection.
1.No person shall tether, fasten, chain, tie, or restrain a dog, or cause such restraining of a dog, to a tree, fence, post, dog house, or other stationary object. During periods of tethering that are not unlawful under this subsection, any tethering device used shall be at least ten feet in length and attached in such a manner as to prevent strangulation or other injury to the dog or entanglement with objects.
2.No person shall tether, fasten, chain, tie, or restrain a dog, or cause such restraining of a dog, to a cable trolley system, that allows movement of the restraining device. During periods of tethering that are not unlawful under this subsection, the length of the cable along which the tethering device can move must be at least ten feet, and the tethering device must be of such length that the dog is able to move ten feet away from the cable perpendicularly and attached in such a manner as to prevent strangulation or other injury to the dog and entanglement with objects. During periods of lawful tethering under this subsection, tethers must be made of rope, twine, cord, or similar material with a swivel on one end or must be made of a chain that is at least ten feet in length with swivels on both ends and which does not exceed ten percent of the dog’s body weight. All collars or harnesses used for the purpose of the lawful tethering of a dog must be made of nylon or leather.
3.No person shall tether a dog with a chain or wire or other device to, or cause such attachment to, any collar other than a buckle type collar or body harness.
4.No person shall tether with a chain or a wire or other device to, or cause such attachment to, a head harness, choke-chain type collar or spiked/pointed studded/pronged collar to a dog.
5.No person shall tether with a chain, wire or other device to a dog where the weight of the tethering device and the collar combined exceeds ten percent of the dog’s body weight.
6.No person shall tether with a chain or wire or other device a dog in such a manner that does not allow the dog full access to adequate food, water and shelter.
7.No person shall tether a sick, diseased and/or injured dog, or puppy (a dog that is one year of age or younger).

8.Notwithstanding the provisions of 6-6(d) I. and 2. of this section, a person may, subject to:◦the provisions of subsections 6-6(d) 3.- 8.;
◦the requirements that any stationa1y tethering device used, shall be at least ten feet in length; and
◦the requirements that for any cable trolley system used, the length of the cable along which the tethering device can move, must be at least ten feet, and the tethering device must be of such length that the dog is able to move ten feet away from the cable perpendicularly:

Tether and restrain a dog while actively engaged in:
a. Usage of the dog in shepherding or herding livestock, or
b. Use of the dog in the business of cultivating agricultural products, if the restraining is reasonably necessary for the safety of the dog, or
c. Use of the dog in lawful hunting activities if the restraint is reasonably necessary for the safety of the dog, or
d. Use of the dog at dog training or performance events, including but not, limited to the field trials and obedience trials where tethering does not occur for a period exceeding seven consecutive days, or
e. Camping or other recreation where tethering is required by the camping or recreational area where the dog is located, or
f. Any activity where a tethered dog is in visual range of its owner or keeper, and the owner or keeper is located outside with the dog, or
g. Taking possession of a dog that appears to be a stray dog in accordance with these provisions for a period not to exceed seven days, after advisory animal control authorities of the capture of the dog, as the person having taken possession of the dog is seeking the identity of the dog, or
h. Walking a dog with a handheld leash.

[S]ection 6-6 of the Forsyth County Code is hereby amended by replacing section 6-6(e) with the following, so as amended, to read:

Section 6-6(d) shall become effective 12 months after the adoption of this amendment. Any person who violates Section 6-6(d) after its adoption date, but prior to the 12 month period following the date of this amendment shall be issued a written warning giving the violator notice of the provisions of this amendment. The written warning shall include information about sources that provide assistance to the public with providing enclosures which do not require the dog to be tethered. Any person who violates this amendment after the expiration of the 12 month period following the date of adoption of this amendment shall be subject to the penalties established in Section 6-55, Violations and Penalties of the Forsyth County Code.


Guilford County, North Carolina
November 23, 2013

This ordinance prohibits unattended tethering except during particular activities, such hunting and performance events.

Section 5-15. Cruel treatment prohibited.

(i) Tethering. It shall be unlawful for any person to restrain a dog using a chain, wire or other type of tethering devise in a manner prohibited by this subsection.
1.No person shall tether, fasten, chain tie, or restrain a dog, or cause such restraining of a dog, to a tree fence, post, doghouse, or other stationary object. During periods of tethering that are not unlawful under this subsection, any tethering devise [sic] used shall be at least 10 feet in length and attached in such a manner as to prevent strangulation or other injury to the dog or entanglement with objects
2.No person shall tether, fasten, chain, tie, or restrain a dog, or cause such restraining of a dog, to a cable trolley system, that allows movement of the restraining device. During periods of tethering that are not unlawful under this subsection, the length of the cable along which the tethering device can move must be at least 10 feet, and the tethering device must be of such length that the dog is able to move 10 feet away from the cable perpendicularly and attached in such a manner as to prevent strangulation or other injury to the dog and entanglement with objects. During periods of lawful tethering under this subsection, tethers must be made of rope, twine, cord, or similar material with a swivel on one end or must be made of a chain that is at least ten (10) feet in length with swivels on both ends and which does not exceed ten (10) percent of the dog’s body weight. All collars or harnesses used for the purpose of the lawful tethering of a dog must be made of nylon or leather.
3.No person shall tether a dog with a chain or wire or other device to, or cause such attachment to, any collar other than a buckle-type collar or body harness.
4.No person shall tether with a chain or a wire or other device to, or cause such attachment to, a head harness, choke-type collar or pronged collar to a dog.
5.No person shall tether with a chain, wire or other device to a dog where the weight of the tethering device and the collar combined exceeds ten (10) percent of the dog’s body weight.
6.No person shall tether with a chain or wire or other device a dog in such a manner that does not allow the dog access to adequate food, water and shelter.
7.No person shall tether a sick, diseased and/or injured dog, or puppy (a dog that is one year of age or younger).

8.Notwithstanding the provisions of 5-15 (i)a &b of this subsection, a person may, subject to the provisions of subsections 5-15 (i) c-h, and subject to the requirement that any stationary tethering device used, shall be at least 10 feet in length, and subject to the requirement that for any cable trolley system used the length of the cable along which the tethering device can move must be at least 10 feet, and the tethering device must be of such length that the dog is able to move then feet away from the cable perpendicularly, may:
9.Tether and restrain a dog while actively engaged in:
10.Usage of the dog in shepherding or herding livestock, or
11.Use of the dog in the business of cultivating agricultural products, of [sic] the restraining is reasonably necessary for the safety of the dog, or
12.Use of the dog in a lawful hunting activities if the restraint is reasonably necessary for the safety of the dog, or
13.Use of the dog at a dog training or performance events, including but not, limited to the field trials and obedience trials where tethering does not occur for a period exceeding seven consecutive days, or
14.Camping or other recreation where tethering is required by the camping or recreational area where the dog is located, or

ii. 6. [sic] Any activity where a tethered dog is in visual range of its owner or keeper, and the owner or keeper is located outside with the dog. After taking possession of a dog that appears to be a stray dog and after having advised animal control authorities of the capture of dog, tether and restrain the dog in accordance with the provisions for a period not to exceed seven (7) days as the person having taken possession of the dog is seeking the identity of the dog.


New Hanover County, North Carolina
December 20, 2010

Sec. 5-30. Restraint (dogs tied out).
A dog shall be maintained securely on the property of its owner. Ropes, chains and the like are prohibited for any purpose under this chapter. Exceptions to restraint are as follows: organized and lawful dog functions; e.g., dog exercise within designated areas of public parks, hunting, obedience training, field and water training, law enforcement training and/or in the pursuit of working or competing in those legal endeavors.


Roanoke Rapids, North Carolina
June 13, 2006

Section 91.22. Prohibition Against Tethering of Dogs.
This ordinance prohibits the tethering of dogs. All outdoor animals, cats as well as dogs, must be kept in a 36-square-foot enclosure per animal with a minimum height of six feet

A. It shall be unlawful to tether an unattended dog outside of the house.


Weldon, North Carolina
November 4, 2013

Sec. 90.29 PROHIBITION AGAINST TETHERING OF DOGS.

(A) It shall be unlawful to tether an unattended dog.

(B) When on the property of the dog owner, dogs may run loose when attended by a responsible person who can control the dog either by voice commands or by a leash.

(C) When on the property of the dog owner, dogs may run unattended if kept in a secure area, including a fenced-in area or when kept in a PEN (as defined above) of sufficient strength and height to prevent the dog from escaping. Penalty, see § 90.99


Woodland, North Carolina
May 7, 2015

§ 81.03 Containment – Running at Large – Requirements
C. Proper enclosure: […] It shall NOT be allowed to tether, chain or tie a dog to any fixed object as a means of permanent confinement.


Brunswick, Ohio

February 27, 2017

Unattended tethering is not permitted, except for periods not exceeding an hour when the owner is also present on the property.

618.28 TETHERING DOGS
(a) As used in this Section:
(1) “Body harness” means a device consisting of straps made of nylon, leather or other pliable material fitted to the body of a dog and used to affix a restraint of the animal.
(2) “Collar” means a device consisting of straps made of nylon, leather or other pliable material secured around the neck of a dog that is properly fitted and has enough room between the collar and the dog’s throat through which two adult fingers may fit. Choke collars and pinch collars are prohibited for purposes of tethering a dog.
(3) “Properly fitted” means worn without causing discomfort, pain or injury.
(4) “Tether” means, when used as a noun, any device, including but not limited to a chain, leash, cable or tie out attached to a stationary point or object, trolley or run used to contain or restrain a dog. When used as a verb, tether shall mean to attach a dog to such a device.
(b) Nothing in this section shall prohibit the tethering of a dog that is in the immediate proximity of its owner or custodian, in a manner that does not cause discomfort, paid or injury to the dog.
(c) No person shall tether or cause to be tethered any dog that is not in the immediate vicinity of its owner or custodian except under all the following conditions:

(1) The owner or custodian is present on the property;
(2) Such tethering does not exceed sixty (60) continuous minutes;
(3) The dog is six months of age or older;
(4) If female, the dog is sterilized;
(5) The tether does not exceed ten percent of the dog’s body weight;
(6) The tether is at least three times the length of the dog from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail;
(7) The tether allows the dog to easily stand, sit, lie, turn around, and make all other normal body movements in a comfortable normal position;
(8) The tether allows the dog to interact safely with other animals;
(9) The tether is appropriate for the age and size of the dog and attached to the dog by a properly fitted collar or body harness configured to prevent the dog or tether from becoming entangled with other objects or animals or from extending over an object or edge that could result in the strangulation or injury of the dog;
(10) Only one dog is attached to a single tether;
(11) The dog is not tethered in such a manner to permit the dog to cross and enter upon another’s property, except that the same shall not be unlawful if the affected owner or person having lawful possession thereof provides consent; and
(12) Adequate water is provided to the dog.
(d) Whoever violates or fails to comply with any provisions of this section is guilty of a minor misdemeanor on the first offense and a misdemeanor of the fourth degree on each subsequent offense occurring within 12 months from the previous offense and shall be subject to the penalty provided in Section 698.02.
 


New Richmond, Ohio - December 2007

Prohibits the tethering of animals (dogs or cats) to any object, stationary or otherwise, within the village limits.

Read news story.


Altus, Oklahoma
May 16, 2017 - Effective June 15, 2017

Sec. 5-10. Tethering of Animals
(a) No person shall, at any time, fasten, chain, or tie any animal or cause such animal to be fastened, chained or tied while such animal is on the animal owner’s or keeper’s property or on the property of the animal owner’s or keeper’s landlord, except as authorized by the animal control supervisor on a temporary basis for warranted exceptional circumstances.
(b) Any person in violation of this section shall pay a fine of $150 for the first occurrence, plus court costs and any impoundment fees. Any second or subsequent violation of this section shall pay a fine of $500, plus court costs and any impoundment fees.”


Chickasha, Oklahoma

April 4, 2016

Sec. 3-12-1. Tethering Restrictions.
•Tethering of dogs and cats as a primary means of confinement is prohibited.



(2) A single, stationary tethering system may be used on an owner’s property as a temporary means of confinement while the owner/occupant is present at the residence if the animal being temporarily confined has free and unimpeded access to shelter, food, and water.


Lawton, Oklahoma
May 2007

A. No person shall, at any time, fasten, chain, or tie any dog or cause such dog to be fastened, chained or tied while such dog is on the dog owner’s property or on the property of the dog owner’s landlord.

B. Any dogs confined within a fenced yard must have an adequate space for exercise based on a dimension of at least one hundred square feet. Provided, further that where dogs are kept or housed on property without a fenced yard, the owner of such dogs or persons having custody of such dogs shall provide an enclosure for such dogs meeting the one hundred square feet dimension. Such enclosure shall be constructed of chain link or similar type materials with all four sides enclosed. The enclosure shall be of sufficient height to prevent the dog from escaping from such enclosure. The top of such enclosure shall be covered with materials to provide the dog with shade and protection from the elements.

Shelter to allow the animal to remain dry and protected from the elements. Such shelter shall be fully enclosed on three (3) sides, roofed, and have a solid floor. The entrance to the shelter shall be flexible to allow the animal's entry and exit, and sturdy enough to block entry of wind or rain. The shelter shall be small enough to retain the animal's body heat and large enough to allow the animal to stand and turn comfortably. The enclosure shall be structurally sound and in good repair. (Ord. 90-18, 6/26/01)


Beaufort, South Carolina
January 8, 2008

Sec. 6-4022. – Restraint.

(h) Tethering. No animal, including dogs, cats or other domestic pets shall be tethered as a primary means of stationary confinement. Stationary confinement by tethering is deemed and considered to be cruel treatment.
(i) It is unlawful to attach a chain or wire or other tethering device to, or cause such attachment to, a choke-type or pronged collar on a dog.
(j) It is unlawful to attach a chain or wire or other tethering device to a dog in such manner that does not allow the dog access to water and shelter.
(k) A person who knowingly or intentionally violates subsection (h), (i) or (j) is guilty of a misdemeanor and must be punished in the manner prescribed in section 6-4029
(l) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsections (h), (i) and (j), a person may, subject to the provisions of subsections (i) and (j) of this section:
(1) Tether and restrain a dog while actively engaged in:
a. Use of the dog in shepherding or herding livestock;
b. Use of the dog in the business of cultivating agricultural products, if the restraining is reasonably necessary for the safety of the dog; or
c. Use of the dog in lawful hunting activities if the restraint is reasonably necessary for the safety of the dog.

(2) After taking possession of a dog that appears to be a stray dog and after having advised animal control authorities of the capture of the dog, tether and restrain the dog during such time as the person having taken possession of the dog is seeking the identity of the owner of the dog;

(3) Walk a dog with a handheld leash.

(Ord. No. O-29-89, 10-10-89; Ord. No. O-02-08, 1-8-08)
 


Greer, South Carolina
November 25, 2008

Sec. 10-64. – Confinement of animals.
(a) No animal, including dogs, cats or other domestic pets shall be tethered as a means of permanent stationary confinement.


Arlington, Texas
May 1, 2012

Dogs may not be tethered, with certain exemptions allowed.

Section 9.08 Tethering

A. A person commits an offense if he uses a chain, rope, tether, leash, cable, or other device to attach a dog to a stationary object or trolley system. This section does not prohibit a person from walking a dog with a hand-held leash.
B. It is a defense to prosecution under this section that:
1. the dog is being tethered during a lawful animal event, veterinary treatment, grooming, training, or law enforcement activity; or
2. the dog tethering is required to protect the safety or welfare of a person or the dog, and the dog’s owner maintains direct physical control of the dog; or
3. the dog tethering is due to force majeure and the dog is tethered for less than one hour within a twenty-four period; or
4. the dog tethering:
a. occurs while the dog is within the owner’s direct physical control; and
b. prevents the dog from advancing to the edge of any public right-of way.
C. The defenses under this section are only available if the following specifications are met:
1. The chain, rope, tether, leash, cable, or other device is attached to a properly fitted collar or harness worn by the dog;
2. The chain, rope, tether, leash, cable, or other device is not placed directly around the dog’s neck;
3. The chain, rope, tether, leash, cable, or other device does not exceed 1/20th of the dog’s body weight;
4. The chain, rope, tether, leash, cable, or other device, by design and placement allows the dog a reasonable and unobstructed range of motion without entanglement; and
5. The dog has access to adequate shelter and clean and wholesome water. (Amend Ord 12-032, 5/1/12)


Austin, Texas

Passed by the Austin City Council: June 7, 2007 - Ordinance Effective Date: October 1, 2007

§ 3-2-13 ENCLOSURE FOR DOGS

(A) An outdoor enclosure used to keep six or more dogs, other than puppies less than six months old, must be located at least 50 feet from an adjacent residence or business, excluding the residence or business of the owner or handler of the dogs.
(B) An outdoor enclosure used as the primary living area for a dog or used as an area for a dog to regularly eat, sleep, drink, and eliminate must have at least 150 square feet of space for each dog six months of age or older.

§ 3-4-2 RESTRAINT REQUIREMENTS FOR DOGS ON PRIVATE PROPERTY.
(A) Except as provided in Subsection (B), a person may not restrain a dog with a chain or tether unless the person is holding the chain or tether.
(B) The prohibition of Subsection (A) does not apply to a temporary restraint:
(1) during a lawful animal event, veterinary treatment, grooming, training, or law enforcement activity; or
(2) that is required to protect the safety or welfare of a person or the dog, if the dog's owner or handler remains with the dog throughout the period of restraint.
(C) A person restraining a dog with a chain or tether shall attach the chain or tether to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the dog. A person may not wrap a chain or tether directly around a dog’s neck. A person may not restrain a dog with a chain or tether that weighs more than 1/18 of the dog’s body weight. A chain or tether used to restrain a dog must, by design and placement, be unlikely to become entangled.
(D) A person may not restrain a dog in a manner that does not allow the dog to have access to necessary shelter and water.
(E) A person may not restrain a dog in a manner that allows the dog to move outside the person’s property.
(F) A person may not keep six or more dogs, other than puppies less than six months old, unless the dogs are kept in an enclosure that meets the requirements prescribed by Section 3-2-13 (Enclosure for Dogs).


Big Spring, Texas
Tethering is prohibited unless owner is outside with the dog and in visual contact with the dog.

The ordinance reads: "No person shall, at any time, fasten, chain or tie any dog or cause such dog to be fastened, chained or tied while such dog is on the owner's property or on the property of the dog owners landlord. (Exception - A dog may be tethered to allow for the cleaning of the dog's enclosure or while the owner is outside with the dog and is in visual contact of the animal at all times to prevent injury to the dog.)

Any dogs confined within a fenced yard must have adequate space for exercise based on a dimension of at least 100 square feet. Provided, further that where dogs are kept or housed on property without a fenced yard, the owner of such dogs or persons having custody of such dogs shall provide an enclosure for such dogs meeting the 100 square feet dimension. Such enclosure shall be constructed of chain link or similar type materials with all four sides enclosed. The enclosure shall be of sufficient height to prevent the dog from escaping from such enclosure. The top of the enclosure shall be covered with materials to provide the dog with shade and protection from the elements.

Shelter to allow the animal to remain dry and protected from the elements. Such shelter shall be fully enclosed on three sides, roofed and have a solid floor. The entrance to the shelter shall be flexible to allow the animal's entry and exit, and sturdy enough to block entry of wind and rain. The shelter shall be small enough to retain the animal's body heat and large enough to allow the animal to stand and turn comfortably. The enclosure shall be structurally sound and in good repair."


Dallas, Texas

July 1, 2008

Sec. 7-3.1. Proper Restraint.

(a) An owner of an animal commits an offense if he fails to restrain the animal at all times in a fenced yard, in an enclosed pen or structure, or by a tether or leash.
(b) No animal may be restrained by a tether or leash unless the animal is in the immediate possession of and accompanied by the animal’s owner
(c) It is a defense to prosecution under Subsection (a) that the animal was: 1) a dog in an off-leash site established under Section 32-6.1 of this code; or
(2) a feral cat participating in a trap, neuter, and return program approved by the director. (d) It is a defense to prosecution under Subsection (b) that the animal was a dog and was tethered: (1) in a manner complying with Section 7-4.7 of this chapter, and
(2) for a reasonable period of time, not to exceed three hours in a 24-hour period, and no longer than necessary for the owner to complete a temporary task that required the dog to be restrained. Sec. 7-4.7. Tethered Dogs.
(a) An owner of a dog commits an offense if he tethers the dog or allows the dog to be tethered in any manner or by any method that: (1) allows the dog to leave the premises owned, leased, or occupied by the dog’s owner;
(2) allows the dog to become entangled;
(3) does not allow the dog access to food, water, and appropriate shelter if outside; or
(4) does not meet the requirements for tethering a dog under Subsection (b) of this section. (b) The following requirements apply to a dog tethered within the city: (1) The dog must be properly fitted with and wearing a harness or collar made of leather or nylon.
(2) The tether must be attached to the dog’s harness or collar and not directly to the dog’s neck.
(3) The tether must be at least 10 feet long.


Electra, Texas
Tethering is prohibited, but dogs may be controlled by the hand-held use of a rope, leash, or chain.

Ordinance 96-9, Section 111, Restraint: A. 2. Dogs To Be Restrained—dogs shall not be allowed to run at large. All dogs must be restrained by some physical means; however, a dog shall not be considered at large when held or controlled by some person by means of a rope, leash, or chain. Dogs may not be tethered and the tethering of any dog shall be a violation of this chapter.


Ft. Worth Texas - January 2008

Ordinance 17955-01-2008

This ordinance prohibits the chaining/tethering of unattended dogs. An offense under this Section is a Class C misdemeanor and subject to a fine of up to $2,000.

Section 6-13 (d). It shall be unlawful for a person to use a chain, rope, tether, leash, cable, or other device to attach a dog to a stationary object or trolley system.


Galveston, Texas
April 14, 2011

Sec. 7-18.1. Prohibition against the chaining or tethering of dogs and mandating that dog enclosures must provide one hundred fifty (150) square feet of space.
(a) Any person owning and or controlling dogs, whether vaccinated or unvaccinated, licensed or unlicensed, shall not allow said animal to be tied or chained to any stationary object.
(b) No person shall at any time, fasten, chain, or tie any dog or cause such dog to be fastened, chained or tied while such dog is on the dog owner’s property, or on the property of the dog owner’s landlord, or on any property within the limits of the city.
(c) Any dog confined within a fenced yard must have an adequate space for exercise based on a dimension of at least one hundred fifty (150) square feet per dog. Provided, further that where dogs are kept or housed on property without a fenced yard, the owner of such dogs or person having custody of such dogs, shall provide an enclosure for such dogs meeting the one hundred fifty (150) square foot per dog dimensions. Such enclosure shall be constructed of chain link or similar type materials with all four (4) sides enclosed. The enclosure shall be of sufficient height to prevent the dog from escaping from such enclosure. The top of such enclosure shall be covered with material to provide the dog with shade and protection from the elements.
(d) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit owners or others walking dogs with a hand held leash.
(e) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit owners from allowing dogs to be attached to over head runs (i.e. leash or chain attached to an over head wire at least ten (10) feet long), that allows the dog to move unheeded.


Georgetown, Texas
June 11, 2008

Sec. 7.07.010. Dog tethering or chaining.
A. Except as provided in Subsection B., a person may not restrain a dog with a chain or tether unless the person is holding the chain or tether.
B. The prohibition of Subsection A. does not apply to a temporary restraint:
1. During a lawful animal event, such as walking on a leash, veterinary treatment, grooming, training, or law enforcement activity; or
2. That is required to protect the safety or welfare of a person or the dog, if the dog’s owner or handler remains with the dog throughout the period of restraint.
C. A person restraining a dog with a chain or tether shall attach the chain or tether to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the dog. A person may not wrap a chain or tether directly around a dog’s neck. A person may not restrain a dog with a chain or tether that weighs more than 1/18 of the dog’s body weight. A chain or tether used to restrain a dog must, by design and placement, be unlikely to become entangled.


Irving, Texas
November 2, 2007

Sec. 6-2.1. Restraint requirements for dogs.

(a) General prohibition on tethering. It is unlawful for a person to restrain a dog with a chain or tether unless the person is holding the chain or tether.
(b) Affirmative defenses. It is an affirmative defense to a violation of subsection (a) that the restraint:
(1) Is required to protect the safety or welfare of a person or the dog, if the dog’s owner remains with the dog throughout the period of restraint; or
 

(2) Occurs on the owner’s premises and:
a. While the dog is within the owner’s direct physical control; and
b. While the dog is prevented from being within fifteen (15) feet from the edge of any public street or sidewalk.

(c) Exceptions. The prohibition of subsection (a) does not apply to a temporary restraint:
(1) During a lawful animal event, veterinary treatment, grooming, training, or law enforcement activity; or
(2) While in the presence of the owner in a designated city dog park.
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(d) Restraint specifications. The affirmative defenses provided in subsection (b) and exceptions in subsection (c) do not apply unless the restraint meets the following specifications:
(1) The chain, leash, cord, or tether is not placed directly around the dog’s neck and is attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the dog;
(2) The chain, leash, cord, or tether does not exceed more than one-tenth of the dog’s body weight;
(3) The chain, leash, cord, or tether, by design and placement, is unlikely to become entangled; and
(4) The dog is restrained in a manner that permits access to necessary shelter and water.

(e) Violation. A person commits an offense that violates this section.
(1) Offense. An offense under this section is a Class C misdemeanor. If a person fails to comply with this section with respect to more than one (1) dog, the person’s conduct with respect to each dog constitutes a separate offense.
(2) Penalty. The penalty for violation of this section shall be under section 6-54 of the Code of Civil and Criminal Ordinances of the City of Irving, Texas, and shall be between one dollar ($1.00) and two thousand dollars ($2,000.00) for each offense, for each violation, for each separate day, for each dog.
 

(f) Hand-held leashes. This section does not prohibit a person from walking a dog with a hand-held leash.
(g) Dogs running at large strictly prohibited. Nothing in this section authorizes an owner to allow a dog to run at large or to fail to provide appropriate restraint or enclosure as required by section 6-2 of this chapter.


Kyle, Texas
April 2011

From Hays Free Press: Dogs can no longer spend their days outside on the end of a chain, Kyle council members ruled Tuesday night. In a 4-3 split, council members voted to ban the practice of tethering a dog outside. The new law would also prohibit pulley tethers, such as those attached to a clothesline, that allow dogs more room to run. Under the ordinance, dogs kept in outdoor pens must have 150 square feet per adult animal.
Violations would be a class C misdemeanor, with exceptions only for a lawful animal event, veterinary treatment, grooming, training or law enforcement activity.


Live Oak, Texas
March, 2007

SECTION 10: Animal Restraint is Required.
(a) It shall be unlawful for any person owning, harboring or in possession of any animal to permit it to be free of restraint either inside or outside such person’s premises.

(b) Any animal permitted to be kept within the City shall not be chained, tied, fastened or other wise tethered to any stationary or inanimate object as a means of confinement and restraint to property. First time violators of this provision may be given one (1) to two (2) days grace without penalty to correct a violation of this provision. Exception from penalty shall not be given in any case where the violation of this provision causes or contributes to the bodily injury of a person or animal. An animal chained; not having food; not having water; not having shelter shall be considered separate offenses under this provision and each violation shall carry a separate penalty.

(c) All animals permitted to be kept within the City must be restrained at all times within the owner’s premise, by a secure fence, or on a leash or lead.

(d) Any dogs confined within a fenced yard must have an adequate space for exercise based on a dimension of at least one hundred (100) square feet. Provided further that where dogs are kept or housed on property without a fenced yard, the owner of such dogs or persons having custody of such dogs shall provide an enclosure for such dogs meeting the one hundred (100) square feet dimension. Such enclosure shall be constructed of chain link or similar type materials with all four sides enclosed. The enclosure shall be of sufficient height to prevent the dog from escaping from such enclosure. The top of such enclosure shall be covered with materials to provide the dog with shade and protection from the elements.

(e) An animal shall not be considered enclosed by a fence or restrained when and if the animal can pass through, under or over the fence, or the gate of the fence is not securely latched.

(f) A dog that can snap or bite a person through a fence shall not be considered enclosed by the fence or restrained.

(g) An electronic fence shall not be considered to be a fence, and an electronic leash shall not be considered to be a leash.

(h) A dog will be considered to be leashed only when the leash is six (6) feet or less in length or is a retractable leash, and is being grasped by an adult, provided that if the dog is less than twenty (20) pounds then the leash may be grasped by a person who is competent to handle the dog and is over twelve (12) years of age.

(i) Notwithstanding the prior section, in the event that a dog on a retractable leash causes injury or death to a person or animal, the owners and the person holding the retractable leash shall be presumed to be in violation of this ordinance unless it is proved that the leash was retracted to no more than six feet at the time of
the injury or damage.

(j) Prosecution of any owner or person in possession of any animal for the offense described herein may be instituted in the municipal court by any person filing a sworn complaint charging such owner or person in possession with such offense.


Mineola, Texas
January 2008

Animals may not be tethered unless someone is holding the tether.

Sec. 6-12. – Restraint requirements for dogs.
(a) General prohibition on tethering. It is unlawful for a person to restrain a dog with a chain or tether unless the person is holding the chain or tether.
(b) Affirmative defenses. It is an affirmative defense to a violation of subsection (a) that the restraint:
(1) Is required to protect the safety or welfare of a person or the dog, if the dog’s owner, or person who otherwise has control over the dog, remains with the dog throughout the period of restraint; or
(2) Occurs on the owner’s premises:
a. While the dog is within the owner’s, or person who otherwise has control over the dog, direct physical control; and
b. While the dog is prevented from being within 15 feet from the edge of any public street or sidewalk.
(c) Exceptions. The prohibition of subsection (a) does not apply to a temporary restraint during; a lawful animal event, veterinary treatment, grooming, training or law enforcement activity.
(d) Restraint specifications. The affirmative defenses provided in subsection (b) and exceptions in subsection (c) do not apply unless the restraint meets the following specifications:
(1) The chain, leash, cord or tether is not placed directly around the dog’s neck and is attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the dog;
(2) The chain, leash, cord or tether, by design and placement, is unlikely to become entangled; and
(3) The dog is restrained in a manner that permits access to necessary shelter and water.
(e) Hand-held leashes. This section does not prohibit a person from walking a dog with a hand-held leash.
(f) Dogs running at large strictly prohibited. Nothing in this section authorizes an owner to allow a dog to run at large or to fail to provide appropriate restraint or enclosure as required by section 6-6 of this chapter.


Nassau Bay, Texas
February 8, 2010

Section 3-15. Tethering.

(a) Any person owning and/or controlling dogs, whether vaccinated or unvaccinated, licensed or unlicensed, shall not allow said animal to be tied or chained to a fixed object.
(b) No person shall at any time fasten, chain, or tie any dog or cause such dog to be fastened, chained, or tied while such dog is on the owner’s property, or on the property of dog owner’s landlord, or on any property within the territorial limits of the City of Nassau Bay.
(c) Any dog confined within a fenced yard must have a minimum exercise area of one hundred (100) square feet per dog. Provided further that where dogs are kept or housed on a single family residential property without a fenced yard, the owner or persons having custody of such dogs shall provide an enclosure for such dogs meeting the one hundred (100) square feet per dog dimensions. Such enclosure shall be constructed of chain link or similar type materials with all four (4) sides enclosed. The enclosure shall be of sufficient height to prevent the dog from escaping from such enclosure. The top of such enclosure shall be covered with materials to provide the dog with shade and protection from the elements.
(d) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit owners or others from walking dogs with a handheld leash or temporarily tethering their dog so long as the owner is immediately present and the animal is not left unattended for no more than five (5) minutes while tethered.
(e) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit owners from allowing dogs to be attached to overhead runs (i.e. leash or chain attached to an overhead wire at least ten (10) feet long that allows the dog to move unheeded).


Wichita Falls, Texas
March 19, 2013

Sec. 14-381. – Food, water, shelter and shade.
(2) Chaining and Tethering Animals:
(a) It shall be unlawful to keep an animal or livestock on a chain or rope placed in a manner that makes it possible to become entangled with the restraints of other animals or livestock or with any other objects.
(b) It shall be unlawful to keep any animal or livestock on a chain or rope that is of insufficient length to allow the animal or livestock complete access to shelter at all times, except while the owner or handler is outside, within 50 feet of the animal or is holding the chain or rope.
(c) It shall be unlawful to attach a chain to an animal or livestock in a manner so as to cause injury or discomfort to the animal or livestock.
(d) It shall be unlawful to stake a cat outside on a leash, rope, chain or similar apparatus.
(e) It shall be unlawful to restrain a dog outside with a chain or tether unless:
(1) a person is holding the chain or tether, or
(2) the dog’s owner or handler remains outside, within 50 feet of the dog, throughout the period of restraint.
2. Violations of this ordinance shall be punishable by a penalty of up to $500 per violation and as provided by Section 1-14 of the Wichita Falls Code of Ordinances.
3. The sections of this ordinance that specify they amend or add to the Code of
Ordinances of the City of Wichita Falls are intended to be parts of said Code, and said sections of this ordinance may be renumbered or relettered to accomplish such intention.
4. This ordinance shall be effective 180 days after final passage and approval by City Council and shall become effective only if the City Manager or his/her designee has filed a certification with the City Clerk certifying that a program has been established by a third party to provide for the installation of enclosures for animals at reduced cost to at least 3 low income residents per month in the City.


Cape Charles, Virginia
March 16, 2017

§ 50-190. Tethering of animals.

It shall be unlawful to tether any unattended animal whether or not the animal has been provided adequate space. A violation of this section shall be punishable as a class 4 misdemeanor.


Hampton, Virginia
January 8, 2014

No companion animal may be tethered unless at a facility, entity, or activity inspected by and in good standing with the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Sec. 5-80. – Tethering prohibited, exceptions.
It shall be unlawful to tether any companion animal whether or not the animal has been provided adequate space.
Any facility, entity or activity licensed and/or inspected by the U.S. Department of Agriculture shall be exempt from the provisions of this section provided they are in good standing with the federal agency responsible for licensing or assurance of the facility or activity.
A violation of this section shall be punishable as a Class 4 misdemeanor.


Norfolk, Virginia
December 8, 2015

Section 6.1-77

[…]

(d) It shall be unlawful for any animal to be tethered unless the owner or custodian is outside with the animal and the animal is in sight view.


Suffolk, Virginia - September, 2013

Sec. 10-42 Unattended tethering of dogs prohibited
It shall be unlawful to tether any unattended dog whether or not the dog has been provided adequate space. A violation of this section shall be punishable as a class 4 misdemeanor.

Excellent brochure from City of Suffolk about the law and why it was passed

Article stating how well ordinance is working one year later
A year after the city’s new ordinance prohibiting unattended tethering of dogs went into effect, police say the law has been accomplishing its desired purpose even without much official enforcement action....“It effectively has eliminated the abusive treatment of the dogs that previously were subjected to inhumane tethering,” Duman said. “By our actions, we demonstrated Suffolk is a progressive and compassionate city. I’m really ecstatic about the results.”


Huntington, West Virginia
December 14, 2009

Sec. 508.02 Tethering, Prohibited Conduct
It shall be unlawful for any owner or other person controlling or possessing any dog to tether a dog outdoors without direct supervision of the animal’s guardian.


Kanawha County, West Virginia - August 2009
Dogs may only be tethered only under certain circumstances and only if specific requirements are met.

Section 1. Cruelty to Animals.

a) No person shall cruelly mistreat, abandon, or withhold proper sustenance, including food, water, shelter that protects from the elements, exercise, or medical treatment, necessary to sustain normal health and fitness or to end suffering or abandon any domesticated animal to die, or intentionally, knowingly or recklessly leave an animal unattended and confined in a motor vehicle when physical injury to or death of the animal is likely to result, or ride an animal when it is physically unfit, or injure any animal for the purpose of making it perform for a person’s amusement, or cruelly chain, tether or confine outside any animal or use, train or possess any domesticated animal for the purpose of seizing, detaining or maltreating any other domesticated animal. b) Exceptions. Nothing in subsection (a) of this section shall be deemed to prohibit 1) Any action by licensed veterinarian done in accordance with accepted standards of veterinary care; 2) Any action taken by a law enforcement officer pursuant to the interests of public health and safety; 3) Any act done in self-defense or done to defend another person or animal.

Section 2. Tethering of Dogs

a) Tethering: it shall be unlawful for any person to tether, fasten, chain, tie, restrain or cause a dog to be fastened, chained, tied, or restrained to houses, trees, fences, garages or other stationary or highly immobile objects by means of a rope, chain, strap or other physical restraint for the purpose of confinement, except in circumstances where all of the following requirements are met:
1) The tethering shall be no longer than necessary for the dog’s caretaker or owner to complete a temporary task that requires the dog to be physically restrained for a reasonable period of time;
2) The dog is visible to the responsible party at all times and the responsible party is outside with the dog; provided that for a period not exceeding fifteen consecutive minutes in any period, for a total of no more than four such periods in a twenty-four hour period, the dog may remain out of the sight of the responsible party, while that party conducts a temporary task;
3) The dog must be properly fitted with and wearing a non-choke harness or collar made of leather, nylon, or similar material. Choke, prong, martingale or greyhound collars shall not be used;
4) The tether must be attached to the dog’s harness or collar and not directly to the dog’s neck;
5) The tether must be at least 10 feet long, free from tangles and weigh no more than 1/8 of the dog’s weight;
6) The dog is tethered so as to prevent injury, strangulation, or entanglement;
7) The dog is not tethered outside during extreme weather, including, but not limited to, extreme heat or near-freezing temperatures, thunderstorms, tornadoes, or floods, unless adequate food, potable water, shade, shelter and protection is provided, as provided in section 3 below;
8) The dog must be at least 15 feet from the edge of any public road or sidewalk;
9) The dog is six (6) months of age or older;
10) The dog is not sick or injured.
b) If using a pulley, running line or trolley system, all the conditions of subsection (a) of this section must be met, and:
1) The running line or trolley system must be at least fifteen (15) feet in length and at least four feet and no more than seven (7) feet above ground;
2) If there are multiple dogs, each dog is tethered separately;
3) The dog(s) must be tethered at sufficient distance from any other objects to prohibit the tangling of the cable, from extending over an object or an edge that could result in injury or strangulation of the animal and be of sufficient distance from any fence so as to prohibit the dog’s access to the fence.
c) Exceptions. Nothing in subsection (a) or (b) will be deemed to apply to restraint:
1) Of hunting dogs. As used in this Paragraph, the term “hunting dog” means a dog actually used to lawfully hunt game in West Virginia or another State of the United States under a valid hunting license issued by the State where the hunting occurred during the then present year or the year previous, and with respect to a dog of less than eighteen (18) months of age, a dog that has had training toward hunting lawful game in West Virginia or another state of the United States. The owner of the dog relying on the dog’s status as a “hunting dog” under this paragraph may establish a prima facie case of such status by providing to a law enforcement officer with a sworn written statement setting forth the specific facts establishing that the dog is a “hunting dog” within the meaning of this paragraph.
2) Temporarily utilized during any lawful training activities, veterinary treatment, grooming, or law enforcement training;
3) Temporarily utilized when the animal is being held, walked, or exercised on a hand-held leash;
 

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Communities that Limit Chaining by Time

North Little Rock, Arkansas
2006

WHEREAS, many dogs in North Little Rock have suffered severe injury from being tethered to a fixed location and neglected; and
WHEREAS, studies by the Humane Society of the United States have shown that tethering a dog to a fixed location for extended periods of time inhibits socialization and often results in dogs becoming more territorial and aggressive; and
WHEREAS, neighborhoods are harmed by the tethering of dogs to a fixed location for extended periods because of the associated concentration of urine and feces within a small area and the damage to the yard.

NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT ORDAINED BY THE CITY COUNCIL OF NORTH LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS:
SECTION 1: That North Little Rock Municipal Code § 10-41 is hereby amended as follows:
Sec. 10-41. Dog pens confinement.
a. Dog pens. Unless otherwise permitted under subsection d, outdoor dog pens shall be located 75 feet from any dwelling other than the person owning or controlling the dog. There shall be at least 150 square feet in such pen for each dog kept therein which is over six months of age.

b. Tethering. Unless otherwise permitted under subsections c and d, it shall be unlawful for any person to tether a dog to any inanimate object as a means of confinement.

c. Trolley Systems. A trolley system is a method to confine a dog by tethering the dog to a cable that is no less than ten (10) feet in length and elevated four (4) to seven (7) feet off the ground in a manner that allows the tether to move freely along the length of the cable. Unless otherwise permitted under subsection d, it shall be unlawful for any person to confine a dog through the use of a trolley system:
(1) Between the hours of 8:00 pm and 6:00 am.;
(2) That is located within 75 feet from any dwelling other than the person owning or controlling the dog; or
(3) In a manner that poses harm to the dog including, without limitation:
A. The use of a collar or harness that is ill-fitting or constructed of any material other than leather or nylon;
B. The use of a tether that exceeds 25% of the body weight of the dog; or
C. The use of a trolley system in an area that contains hazards to the dog or deprives the dog of food, water, or shelter.

d. Permit. The Director of the North Little Rock Animal Shelter is hereby authorized to issue permits to allow the confinement of a dog in a manner that would otherwise be prohibited by this section.
(1) Criteria. No permit shall be issued unless the Director determines that: (i) unusual circumstances warrant confinement of the dog in this manner; (ii) the welfare of the dog will not be harmed by the confinement; and (iii) the neighborhood will not be adversely impacted by the confinement.
(2) Inspection. All permits issued under this subsection shall require consent to both scheduled and unscheduled inspections of the animal and confinement area.
(3) Revocation. The Director shall revoke a permit issued under this subsection if: (i) the holder of the permit is convicted of any offense under local, state, or federal law involving animal cruelty; or (ii) an inspection indicates that the criteria authorizing the permit are no longer met.
e. Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit walking dogs with a hand-held leash.


Fort Smith, Arkansas
March 2011

Tethering is not allows as the primary means of containment. Dogs may be attached to a trolley that meets certain requirements, but only between 8:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m. Read ordinance

Sec. 4-120. Regulations for tethering dogs

(a) No person shall tether, fasten, chain, tie, or restrain a dog, or cause any dog to be tethered, fastened, chained, tied, or restrained to a dog house, tree, fence, or any other stationary object with the intent that the tethering will be the animal’s primary means of permanent containment.
(b) Notwithstanding subsection (a), a person may do any of the following:
(1) Attach a dog to a trolley system as long as the trolley system is not intended as a means of permanent containment; or
(2) Tether, fasten, or tie a dog to a stationary object no longer than is necessary for the person responsible for the dog to complete a temporary task (e.g., cutting the grass, washing a car, gardening). In such temporary event, the dog must have convenient access to a sheltered area and containers of food and water.
(c) An acceptable trolley system is subject to the following requirements:
(1) The trolley system must be at least five (5) times the length of the dog’s body, as measured from the tip of the nose to the base of the tail; it must terminate at both ends with a swivel; it must not weigh more than one-eighth (1/8) of the dog’s weight; it must be free of tangles; and, it must be attached at two (2) permanent points elevated four (4) to seven (7) feet off the ground in a manner that allows the tether to move freely along the length of the cable; and
(2) The tether must be connected to the dog by a properly fitted, buckle-type collar or body harness of a size appropriate for the animal. A tether shall not be connected by means of a choke-type, pinch-type or prong type collar; and
(3) The dog must be tethered to a trolley system in such a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation, or entanglement; and
(4) The dog shall not be outside tethered to a trolley system during a period of extreme weather, including but not limited to, extreme heat or near-freezing temperatures, thunderstorms, or tornadoes; and
(5) The dog must have access to food, water, shade and shelter or dry ground; and
(6) Except as indicated hereafter, no person shall tether any dog outside to a trolley system unless the animal has been spayed/neutered. However, it is permissible to tether an intact dog when under the direct visual observation of the owner at all times the dog is tethered; it is also permissible to tether an intact dog if it is inside a completely fenced area that will prevent other dogs from coming into contact with the tethered intact dog; and
(7) No more than one (1) dog at a time may be attached to the same trolley system.
(d) An acceptable tether system for temporary purposes is subject to these requirements:
(1) When tethered, fastened, chained, tied, or restrained to stationary object, the tether must allow the free and untangled movement of the dog.
(2) The tether must be connected to the dog by a properly fitted harness (recommended) or collar appropriate for the dog. The harness or collar must fit in such a manner as to prevent injury, harm, and strangulation to the dog or allow the contained dot to escape.
(3) The minimum length of a tether is ten (10) feet.
(4) Except as indicated hereafter, no person shall tether any dog outside unless the animal has been spayed or neutered. However, it is permissible to tether an intact dog when under the direct visual observation of the owner at all times the dog is tethered; it is also permissible to tether an intact dog if it is inside a completely secured enclosure that will prevent other dogs from coming into contact with the tethered intact dog; and
(5) The dog is to be monitored periodically.


Jonesboro, Arkansas
March 17, 2009

Dogs older than 1 year of age and weighing less than 20 pounds may be tethered for two hours. Dogs may be restrained by a trolley system but only within certain limits.

Sec. 10-47. – Confinement of dogs.

(c) Tethering. Unless otherwise permitted under subsections (d) and (e) of this section, it shall be unlawful for any person to tether, fasten, chain, tie, restrain or cause a dog to be fastened, chained, tied or restrained to houses, trees, fences, garages or other stationary or highly immobile objects by means of rope, chain, strap, or any other physical restrain for the purpose of confinement, except an adult dog age one year or over and less than 20 pounds may be so tied for a time period not to exceed two hours.
(d) Trolley systems. A trolley system is a method to confine a dog by tethering the dog to a cable that is no less than 15 feet in length and elevated seven feet off the ground in a manner that allows the tether to move freely along the length of the cable. Only one animal may be attached to each running cable line or trolley system. Unless otherwise permitted under subsection (d) of this section, it shall be unlawful for any person to confine a dog through the use of a trolley system as follows in subsections (d)(1) through (6) of this section:
(1) For more than 12 consecutive hours or more than 18 total hours in any 24-hour period;
(2) For a puppy under the age of three months to be attached to a running cable line or trolley system for more than one consecutive hour or more than eight hours in a 24-hour period;
(3) For dogs that are not spayed or neutered for any period of time. Unaltered dogs must be in a completely fenced yard, defined within the same parameters as a “pen” to wit: “pen” shall be constructed of wood, metal or wire in such a fashion and manner of construction as to prevent the animal from escaping and to prevent the animals head from protruding through any section or part thereof, or housed indoors;
(4) That is located within 25 feet from any dwelling other than the person owning or controlling the dog;
(5) Any tethering system employed shall not allow the dog or puppy to leave the owner’s property; or
(6) In a manner that poses harm to the dog, including without limitation:
a. The use of a collar or harness that is ill fitting or constructed of any material other than leather or nylon;
b. The use of a tether that exceeds one-fifth of the body weight of the dogs or ten pounds total weight; or
c. The use of trolley system in an area that contains hazards to the dog or deprives the dog of food, water, and shelter.


Stuttgart, Arkansas
April 13, 2010
Allows trolleys but not during extreme weather or between 6 PM and 6 AM.

Section 1:

(k) “Tethering” shall mean the restraint used as a chain or rope and is regulated as follows. Direct point chaining or tethering of dogs to a stationary object is prohibited. Dogs may be restrained by means of a trolley system, or a tether attached to a pulley on a cable run, if the following conditions are met:
(1) Only one (1) dog may be tethered to each cable run.
(2) The tether must be attached to a properly fitting buckle type collar made of nylon or leather and not less than one inch wide or harness worn by the dog, with enough room between the collar and the dog’s throat through which two (2) fingers may fit. Choke collars and pinch collars are prohibited for the purposes of tethering a dog to a cable run.
(3) The tether has the following properties:
(A) It is at least five times the length of the dog’s body, as measured from the tip of the nose to the base of the tail.
(B) It terminates at both ends with a swivel.
(C) It does not weigh more than one-fourth (1/4) of the dog’s weight
(D) It is free of tangles

(4) The tether and cable run must be of adequate size and strength to effectively restrain the dog. The size of the tether must not be excessive, as determined by the animal services officer, considering the age, size, and health of the dog and the weight of the tether may not exceed 25% of the dog’s weight.
(5) The cable run must be at least ten (10) feet in length and mounted at least four (4) feet and no more than seven (7) feet above ground level.
(6) The length of the tether from the cable run to the dog’s collar should allow access to the maximum available exercise area and should allow continuous access to food, water, and shelter. The trolley system must be of an appropriate configuration to confine the dog to the owner’s property, to prevent the tether from extending over an object or an edge that could result in injury or strangulation of the dog, and to prevent the tether from becoming entangled with other objects or animals.
(7) The dog is not outside during a period of extreme weather, including without limitation extreme heat or near freezing temperatures, thunderstorms, or tornadoes.
(8) The dog has access to water, food, shelter, and dry ground.
(9) The dog is at least six (6) months of age. Puppies shall not be tethered.
(10) The dog is not sick or injured.
(11) A trolley may not be used during the hours of 6 P.M. to 6 A.M.
(12) The area where any animal is confined must provide proper and adequate drainage.
(13) The owner or responsible party for the animal shall be on the premises and in visual range then the animal is confined to the trolley system.


Kern County, California

2002

This ordinance prohibits the fixed-point tethering of dogs for longer than 12 consecutive hours in a 24-hour period. Tethers must be at least 15 feet long, weigh no more than one-eighth of the dog’s weight, have swivels on both ends, and attach to a properly-fitting collar or harness.

7.08.115 Restraint.
(a) A dog or puppy shall not be restrained by a fixed point chain or tether for more than twelve (12) consecutive hours in a twenty-four (24) hour period. This chain shall be at least fifteen (15) feet long.

(b) A dog or puppy may be exclusively restrained by a chain or tether provided that it is at least fifteen (15) feet in length and attached to a pulley or trolley mounted on a cable which is also at least fifteen (15) feet in length and mounted no more than seven (7) feet above ground level.

(c) Any tethering system employed shall not allow the dog or puppy to leave the owner’s property.

(d) No chain or tether shall weigh more than one-eighth (1/8) of the dog or puppy’s weight.

(e) Any chain or tether shall be at least fifteen (15) feet in length and have swivels on both ends.

(f) Any chain or tether shall be attached to a properly fitting collar (no choke chain collars) or harness worn by the animal. (Ord. G-6942 § 5 (part), 2002)


Los Angeles, California

August 3, 2005
This ordinance prohibits the tethering of dogs in most circumstances. A limited period of tethering is allowed provided that certain conditions are met.

Sec. 53.70. Care and Maintenance of Dogs

D. Tethering. It shall be unlawful for any person to tether, fasten, chain, tie, restrain or cause a dog to be fastened, chained, tied or restrained to houses, trees, fences, garages or other stationary or highly immobile objects by means of a rope, chain, strap or other physical restraint for the purpose of confinement, except in circumstances where all of the following requirements are met:

(1) The tethering shall not be for more time than is necessary for the dog owner or custodian to complete a temporary task that requires the dog to be physically restrained for a reasonable period.

(2) The dog must be tethered by a non-choke type collar or a body harness to a tether that is at least three (3) times the body length of the dog, measured from the dog’s nose to the back of the hindquarters and which tether is free from entanglement.

(3) The dog must have access to food, water and shelter as described above.

(4) The dog shall be monitored periodically.

This section shall not affect the use of appropriate electronic means of confinement.


San Bernadino, CA
February, 2006

Dogs may not be tethered for more than 12 hours a day to a stationary tether.


New Brunswick, Canada
December 1, 2014

http://globalnews.ca/news/1655588/new-regulations-for-animals-to-come-into-effect-dec-1/

MONCTON, N.B. ....Starting on December 1, it will be illegal to tether a dog between 11 p.m. and 6 a.m. New Brunswick is the first province to enact tethering laws. The changes also give new powers to the SPCA to take action before the animal’s health is impacted. Currently, officers have to wait until there is physical evidence of abuse, before they can seize an animal. Other changes include increasing the penalty for failing to have a dog vaccinated for rabies, and increase the fine for having a dog running at large in rural areas.

The New Brunswick SPCA is responsible for enforcing the animal protection regulations, and during a phone interview Wednesday, executive director Hilary Howes admitted the changes will put a strain on their resources, as officers will have to work at night and be doubled up in some cases for safety.
 

Nicole Thebeau, president of the Kent County Animal Rescue has been lobbying the government for years to toughen the regulations. She has been rescuing animals for nine years, but said the new regulations are not enough although a step in the right direction. “If you need to prove it, put your video camera out at 11 o’clock and tape it,” she said. “Or take pictures or mark the hours down, or something.”

The New Brunswick SPCA maintains a 24-hour tip line for animal abuse, with service offered in both English and French. The number is 1-877-722-1522 and tips can be left anonymously.


Denver, Colorado
Dogs may not be chained for a period longer than one hour on a chain less than six feet in length.

Sec. 8-131. Cruelty to animals prohibited. (b) It shall specifically be cruel, dangerous or inhumane for any person to: (3) Tether and leave, or permit to be left, unattended any animal on a leash, cord or chain of less than six feet in length for longer than one hour.


Smyrna, Delaware
July 2013

AN ORDNANCE TO AMEND CHAPTER 14 (“ANIMALS”), ARTICLE II (“DOGS”), OF THE TOWN CODE BY ADDING A NEW SECTION 14-36 TO REGULATE THE TETHERING OF DOGS

WHEREAS, section 4.2.30 of the Charter of the Town of Smyrna authorizes the Town to “regulate the keeping of dogs within the Town;”
WHEREAS, it is the opinion of the Town Council of the Town of Smyrna that the improper tethering of dogs can be injurious and life threatening to dogs, particularly during times of extreme heat and cold, and is a problem in the Town of Smyrna; and
WHEREAS, it is the opinion of the Town Council of the Town of Smyrna that regulations governing the tethering of dogs are necessary to prevent serious injury or death to improperly tethered dogs.
BE IT HEREBY ENACTED by the Town Council of the Town of Smyrna, a majority thereof concurring in Council duly met, that the Town Code of the Town of Smyrna be and hereby is amended as follows:

Section 1. Amend Chapter 14 (“Animals”), Article II (“Dogs”), Section 14-26 (“Definitions”) by inserting the following in between the definitions of “property” and “vicious dog”:
Tether means to restrain a dog by tying the dog to any object or structure, including but not limited to a house, tree, fence, post, garage, or shed, by any tethering device (as defined herein) or other similar means. This definition does not include the restraint of a dog by an attended leash.

Tethering device means any tether chain, rope, cord, leash, cable, running line, or similar device used to restrain a dog.
Section 2. Amend Chapter 14 (“Animals”), Article II (“Dogs”), of the Town Code by adding a new section 14-36 as follows:
Sec. 14-36. Tethering of Dogs
It shall be unlawful for a dog to be tethered outdoors, except when all of the following conditions are met:
(a) The dog is not tethered outside for a period of longer than six (6) consecutive hours without the owner or individual who tethered the dog, or who is otherwise responsible for the care and maintenance of the dog, having direct physical contact with the dog.
(b) The tethering device complies with the following requirements:
(1) The tethering device is not placed directly around the dog’s neck;
(2) The tethering device is connected to the dog using a buckle-type collar or a body harness made of nylon or leather at least one inch in width;
(3) The length is at least (a) five times the length of the dog's body, as measured from the tip of the nose to the base of the tail or (b) ten (10) feet long, whichever is greater;
(4) Both ends of the tethering device terminate with a swivel;
(5) The tethering device does not weigh more than 1/8 of the dog's weight; and
(6) The tethering device is not prone to becoming tangled.
(c) The dog is tethered in such a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation, or entanglement with the dog or other objects.

(d) The dog is not outside during periods of extreme weather, including but not limited to the following:
(1) those times when the National Weather Service has issued an excessive heat warning for the Town of Smyrna;
(2) those times when the temperature is at or below 32 degrees Fahrenheit or 0 degrees Celsius;
(3) thunderstorms;
(4) tornadoes;
(5) tropical storms; and
(6) hurricanes.

(e) The tethering device shall allow the dog adequate access to food and water containers, shelter, and dry ground.
(f) The dog is not sick or injured or a puppy less than six (6) months of age.
(g) Any pulley, running line, or trolley systems used to tether the dog is at least 15 feet in length and is less than 7 feet above the ground.

(h) If there are multiple dogs, the dogs are tethered such that they cannot come into contact with each other.

Section 3. Amend Chapter 14 (“Animals”), Article II (“Dogs”), Sec. 14-27(a) (“Penalty”) of the Town Code by deleting subsection (a)(1) in its entirety and inserting in its place thereof the following:
(1) For violation of sections 14-28, 14-29, 14-32, 14-33, and 14-36
a. First offense: $50.00
b. Second offense: $100.00
c. Third and subsequent offenses: $300.00


Alachua County, Florida
November 21, 2007
See news story.

Section 72.10 Humane treatment for companion animals.

(c) Except as provided herein and in Section 72.34(b) no person shall restrain a dog by means of tethering, fastening, chaining, or tying the dog to a stationary object for more than 3 hours in a 24 hour period. If a dog is tethered the owner shall use a tether that weighs less than 118 the total weight of the dog and that is at least three times the body length of the dog from nose to the end of the body excluding the tail. A dog may be attached to a running line, pulley, or trolley system provided a choke or pinch collar is not used.


Coconut Creek, Florida
June 2012

Sec. 5-7. Prohibition of cruelty to animals.

(5) A fenced yard, an electric fence, or an enclosure, that is sufficient to prevent the animal from escaping; or
a. In lieu of the above enclosures requirement, a tether is permitted that meets the following requirements:
1. Animal is in visible and/or sound distance from owner.
2. Animal tethering shall not exceed a time period of 30 minutes between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 11:00 p.m. Tethering is not permitted between 11:00 p.m. and 7:00 a.m.
3. Animal or if multiple animals are tied to a tether system that either swivels or running line or pulley system in a manner that prevents injury, strangulation, or entanglement.
4. The tether is not less than ten (10) feet long and not more than fifteen (15) feet long.
5. The tether does not weight more than one eight [sic] (1/8) of the dog’s total body weight.
6. Animal is older than 6 months of age.
7. Animal has clean drinking water, shade, and dry ground.
8. The animal is not sick or injured.


Dania Beach, Florida

July 26, 2005
This ordinance prohibits the chaining of dogs for longer than one hour in any 24-hour period and allows such tethering only under certain conditions.

Section 5-15. Dogs at large prohibited.

(b) It shall be a violation of this section for the owner of any dog to tie, chain, or otherwise tether a dog... outdoors; provided, however, that a dog may be temporarily tethered, tied or chained outdoors for a total period of time not exceeding one hour on any day between the hours of 9:00 am and 6:00 pm if accompanied by its owner or any person over the age of fifteen years. No dog shall be tethered, tied or chained outdoors at any time for purposes of training on any treadmill device. Dog owners must provide clean, safe and humane conditions for dogs which are outdoors on private property, which conditions include, but are not limited to, sufficient food and water, shelter from cold, heat and rain, with adequate shelter ventilation.


Fort Lauderdale, Florida

June 16, 2006

Section 6-35. Supervision and Confinement; Tethering.

A. It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any dog or cat to confine or tether that animal outdoors during periods of extreme weather, such as periods of unusually cold or hot temperatures, or periods of poor air quality, or when a hurricane or tropical storm warning has been issued.

B. It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any dog or cat and who confines that dog or cat outdoors on private property to fail to provide the animal with:

     6. A tether, which may be employed subject to the following regulations:

a. It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any dog that is under the age of six months to tie, chain, or otherwise tether a dog that is under the age of six months outdoors. It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any cat to tie, chain, or otherwise tether a cat outdoors.

b. It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any dog that is over the age of six months to tie, chain, or otherwise tether a dog outdoors between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. except that a dog of any age may be temporarily tethered, tied, or chained outdoors for a total time period not exceeding fifteen minutes. At other times, it is permitted to tie, chain, or otherwise tether a dog that is over the age of six months outdoors if the dog is harnessed by a properly-fitting body harness that is fastened to either

i. a tether that is at least ten feet long and that is free from entanglement and that allows the dog to move unheeded; or

ii. an overhead run, which is an overhead wire at least 10 feet long to which the dog’s body harness is attached by a leash or chain, that allows the dog to move unheeded.


Hollywood, Florida

July 6, 2005
This ordinance prohibits the chaining of dogs between the hours of 10 a.m. and 5 p.m. and allows tethering during other times only under certain conditions.

Chapter 92.08 Animal Care; Manner of Keeping.

(C) Animals maintained on a tether must be in an area free of objects that may cause entanglements. All tethers must be a minimum of six (6) feet in length and longer if appropriate for breed (i.e., Irish Wolfhound, Borzoi, Great Dane, St. Bernard, etc.). Choke type or prong type collars shall be used only while the animal is under the handler’s direction control. Between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m., animals shall not be on a tether outdoors.


Jacksonville, Florida
May 28th, 2013

Animals may not be tethered to a stationary point. Animals may be tethered only when the owner is outside and within visual range of the animals and only if certain specific restrictions are observed. Animals who are sick, injured, or less than 1 year old may not be tethered, and animals may not be tethered during extreme weather.

Sec. 462.204. Restraint by tethering.

The City of Jacksonville recognizes that there is a clear link between animals that are left tethered in one location and increased aggressiveness. In order to protect the safety and welfare of citizens and visitors, restraint by tethering may only be used provided all of the following conditions are met:

(a) The tether is constructed of material sufficient to restrain the animal, but also not place the animal in danger of injury or death. Welded metal link chain with links larger than 2.5 mm in thickness (2.5 mm welded link chain has a working load of 750 pounds and a breaking load of 2,000 pounds) cannot be used to tether an animal regardless of the length or weight of the chain. The tether shall not weigh more than one-eighth of the animal’s body weight. When a violation of this provision occurs, an animal control officer is authorized to take reasonable measures to remove the animal from the tether and take the tether and animal to the shelter;
(b) The tether shall be at least long enough to allow the animal to move ten feet in all directions from the point of tethering. The tether must have operative swivels on both ends and be attached to an elevated line, not less than seven feet from the ground and not more than ten feet from the ground, connected to two stationary points not less than 15 feet apart and sufficient to hold the dog without breaking or coming loose;
(c) The tether shall be attached to a properly fitted buckle-style collar or buckle-style harness made of nylon or leather with a width of not less than one inch worn by the animal; the tether may not be attached to a slip or prong collar;
(d) The animal, while restrained by tether, is able to access proper shelter with sufficient floor, at least three walls, and roof to protect the animal from the weather, extreme temperatures and direct sunlight; and is able to access sufficient potable water and sufficient wholesome food.

(e) Beginning October 1, 2014, the tethered animal is within the visual range of the owner, and the owner is located outside with the animal;
(f) The animal is at least one year of age or older, and is not sick or injured;
(g) The animal is not outside during a period of extreme weather, including but not limited to extreme heat or near freezing temperatures, tropical storm or hurricane watches or warnings, thunderstorms, and/or tornado watches and warnings;
(h) Every animal must be tethered separately with each complying with all provisions herein, plus the animals must not be able to tangle their tether with any other animal on the property;
(i) No tethered animal may extend any closer than five feet from the perimeter fence or lot line; and

During the educational phase of the revision of this Section, beginning upon enactment of this ordinance and for a period of six months thereafter, animal code enforcement officers shall provide a warning to all first time tethering violators and allow them 30 days to correct the violation before any civil citation is issued for the tethering violation. Provided however, nothing herein prohibits any animal code enforcement officers from citing an owner for violations of any other portion of Chapter 462, Ordinance Code, including other prohibited acts of cruelty or neglect.

In the interest of public safety, animal control officers and/or law enforcement officers are authorized to remove aggressive and dangerous dogs from tethers and impound such animals where the animal is accessible by children or the public without a secured fence or enclosure.

A violation of this Section shall subject the violator to a civil fine of not less than the amount designated in Chapter 462, Part 18, Ordinance Code.


Lake County, Florida
April 2012

The ordinance bans the tethering of dogs unless the owners are with them. It prohibits chaining dogs during thunderstorms and extreme temperatures.

Sec 4-41. Prohibition of Tethering of Dogs.

1. It is a violation of this section for any owner to tether or to confine a dog on a tether, except when:
a. The dog is in visual range of the owner who must also be physically present with the dog and attending to it while it is tethered; and
i. The tether is connected to the dog by a commercially available buckle-type collar or a body harness made of nylon or leather that is of sufficient size to adequately and safely restrain the dog; and
ii. The tether is of a size and weight that is reasonably necessary to safely restrain the dog without placing excessive strain or weight on the dog; and
iii. The dog is not tethered outside in periods of extreme weather, including but not limited to extreme heat or cold, thunderstorms, lightning, tornadoes, tropical storms or hurricanes.
b. A dog is tethered in a manner and under conditions that do not jeopardize its health, safety, or well-being and the dog is:
i. In attendance at, or participating in, any legal, organized publicly attended even in which both dog and owner are permitted attendees or participants; or
ii. Actively engaged in conduct that is directly related to the business of shepherding or herding cattle or livestock or related to the business of cultivating agricultural products, as long as the restraint is reasonably necessary for the safety of the dog; or
iii. Tethered, chained, tied, or restrained by a veterinarian or groomer while attending the dog; or
iv. Trained or being trained, to act in a law enforcement capacity; or
v. Being lawfully used to actively hunt a species of wildlife in this state, during the hunting season, for that species of wildlife; or
vi. Tethered temporarily while being kept in a bonafide humane shelter or at a commercial boarding facility; or
vii. Tethered in accordance with the regulations of a camping or recreational area; or
viii. Being cared for as part of a rescue operation during a natural or man-made disaster; or
ix. Being transported in a vehicle.

c. Notwithstanding the exceptions provided above, a dog that is sick or injured cannot be tethered as a means of confinement by the owner nor may a puppy under the age of six (6) months be tethered at any time unless the owner is present and attending the puppy during the entire time the puppy is tethered.


Nassau County, Florida
May 22, 2017

Sec. 6-54. – Animal care and animal cruelty.
(g) The unsupervised, unattended outdoor tethering of a dog is prohibited except as provided herein:
(1) The dog must be in visible range of the owner or responsible party. There is authorized the following narrow exception to this condition: The dog owner or responsible person may leave a dog tethered outdoors on the property for a reasonable period not exceeding twelve (12) hours within a twenty-four-hour period. A dog may never be left tethered and unattended on vacant or abandoned property.
(2) The tether must be attached to the animal by a properly applied, buckle-type nylon or leather collar, or halter or harness, with a swivel hook, and configured so as to protect the animal from injury and prevent entanglement with other objects and/or animals.
(3) The tether shall not be attached to a stationary object or trolley at a point or location that would allow the animal to extend the tether over a fence or other object or edge in such manner that could result in the strangulation of or injury to the animal.
(4) The foregoing provisions regarding tethering do not apply to a lawful animal event, veterinarian treatment, grooming, training, or law enforcement.
(5) The animal, while restrained by tether, is able to access shelter with sufficient floor, three walls, and roof to protect the animal from the weather, extreme temperatures and direct sunlight; and is able to access sufficient water and sufficient food.
(6) The provisions of subsection (1) above, do not apply to dogs that are kept or used for a bona fide farm operation on lands classified as agricultural pursuant to F.S. § 193.461 [cf. sections 163.3162(3)(a), and F.S. § 823.14(6); see definitions of “farm,” “farm operation,” and “farm product” at F.S. § 823.14(3)(a), (b), and (c)].


Oakland Park, Florida
July 6, 2006

Sec. 4-23. Supervision and confinement; tethering.

(a) It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any dog, cat or other animal to confine or tether that animal outdoors during periods of extreme weather or during a period during which a hurricane warning or tropical storm warning is in effect.

(b) It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any dog, cat or other animal who confines that animal outdoors on private property to fail to provide the animal with:

(1) Food and potable water; and
(2) Adequate shelter, which shall mean ventilated protection for the animal from the elements and which shall provide room for each animal to stand erect, sit, lie down and fully turn around; and
(3) Periodic supervision, which shall mean that each animal is provided with fresh food and potable water and inspected for injury or poor health at least once during every twelve (12) hours; and
(4)) Adequate space for exercise, which shall mean no less than one hundred fifty (150) square feet per animal; and
(5) A fenced yard, an electronic fence or an enclosure that is sufficient to prevent the animal from escaping; or
(6) A tether which may be employed subject to the following regulations:

a. It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any pre-adolescent dog to tie, chain or otherwise tether outdoors that pre-adolescent dog .
b. It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge of or in control of any cat to tie, chain or otherwise tether outdoors a cat.
c. It shall be unlawful for any person who owns or any person who is in charge or in control of any dog which has reached the adolescent stage to tie, chain or otherwise tether outdoors that dog between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. except that a dog of any age may be temporarily tethered, tied or chained outdoors for a total time period not exceeding fifteen minutes.
d. At other times, it is permitted to tie, chain or otherwise tether outdoors an adolescent or older dog if the dog is harnessed by a properly fitting body harness that is fastened to either:
(i) A tether that is at least ten feet long and that is free from entanglement and that allows the dog to move unheeded;
(ii) An overhead run, which is at least ten feet long to which the dog’s body harness is attached by a leash or chain that allows the dog to move unheeded.

(c) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit an owner or keeper from controlling a dog, cat or animal kept as a pet by the handheld use of a rope, leash, or chain, when total weight of the collar together with the chain, rope, or tether does not exceed on-sixteenth [sic] (1/16) the body weight of the animal.


Orange County, Florida

July 12, 2005

This ordinance prohibits the chaining of dogs between the hours of 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. and during periods of extreme weather. Tethering is allowed during other times only under certain conditions.

Section 5-29. Definitions.

Restraining Device shall mean a chain, cord, or cable, with a minimum length of ten feet, used to confine an animal on an owner’s property. This device must provide for humane, unrestrained range of movement for the animal to insure that the animal is not exposed to hazard or injury and shall not prevent the animal from having food, water, shelter, adequate ventilation, protection from the elements or other care generally considered to be normal and usual. This device shall be proportional in size, weigh no more than 1/8 of the dog or puppy’s body weight, and designed for use with the specific breed of animal with an appropriate collar. These devices shall not be used to confine a dog on an owner’s property between the hours of 9:00 am and 5:00 pm, 365 days a year and during times of extreme weather, e.g., hurricanes, below freezing conditions.


Pembroke Park, Florida

Sept. 14, 2005

This ordinance prohibits the tethering of dogs for more than one total hour on any day between the hours of 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. and all tethering of dogs at other times.

Sec. 4-11. Impoundment and Care of Dogs.

(a) It shall be a violation of this section for the owner, agent, employee, servant or other person having charge of the premises where any dog is located to tie, chain or otherwise tether a dog outdoors; provided, however, that a dog may be temporarily tethered, tied or chained outdoors for a total period not exceeding 1 hour on any day between the hours of 9AM and 5PM if accompanied by its owner or any other person over the age of fifteen years


Tarpon Springs, Florida
2009

§ 4-5. TETHERING OF DOGS.
(a) It is unlawful for any person to continuously tether or picket a dog for longer than one continuous
hour except that picketing or tethering of the same dog may resume after a hiatus of three continuous
hours after the dog was last tethered or picketed, but no dog shall be tethered or picketed more than
three times in any twenty-four hour period.
(b) No dog shall be tethered or picketed in extreme weather or under conditions that expose the dog
to unreasonable risk of danger or harm.
(c) The tether, leash, chain, or rope of a tethered or picketed dog shall be at least three times the length
of the dog's body and shall allow the dog reasonable movement, but shall not be long enough to reach
the city right-of-way.
(d) The tether, leash, chain, rope, collaring device, and any assembly or attachments thereto, used to
tether or picket a dog shall not weigh more than one-eighth the weight of the dog or, due to weight, inhibit
the free movement of the dog.
(e) Dogs shall be tethered or picketed in such a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation, or entanglement
on fences, trees, shrubs, or other man made or natural objects.
(f) It is unlawful to attach a tether, leash, chain, rope, or other tether restraint implements directly to a
dog without the proper use of a collar, harness, or other device designed for that purpose. Such collar,
harness, or other device must be made from a material and used in a fashion that prevents injury to the
dog. Pinch or choke collars may not be used to tether or picket a dog.
(g) A person violating this ordinance the first time shall be given a written warning. Subsequent violations
shall be punishable as a fine of the following class under the Uniform Fine Schedule for Local Ordinance
Violations adopted by the Circuit Court for the Sixth Judicial Circuit in and for Pasco and Pinellas
Counties.
First violation…Warning
Second violation . . . Class III fine $138.00
Third violation . . . Class II fine $188.00
Fourth and subsequent violation . . . Class I fine $213.00
Each day that a violation of this ordinance continues or occurs shall constitute a separate offense.
(Ord. 2009-11, passed 6-16-09)


West Palm Beach, Florida
Dogs may not be chained between 10:00 am and 5:00 p.m. year-round.

News Story

Ordinance No. 2003-029
August 19, 2003

Animals may not be tethered outdoors between 10 a.m. and 5 p.m.

All tethers must be at least 6 feet in length and may not be attached to choke- or prong-type collars unless the animal is under the handler’s direct control.


Wilton Manors, Florida

City Commissioners passed an an anti-tethering or anti-chaining ordinance, to wit:
- no one may tether or chain an animal that is younger than 6 months old;
- no one can tether or chain an animal outdoors unless they provide the animal with a properly fitting collar, the tether or chain is at least 3 times the length of the animal's body, and the animal is not left tethered or chained for more than 15 minutes between the hours of 10 a.m. and 5 p.m.
- animals tethered or chained outside must have adequate shelters, periodic supervision, and an exercise area of no less than 150 square feet of space.
- no animal may be tethered or chained outdoors during periods of extreme weather or when a hurricane warning is in effect.

The vote in favor of the ordinance by the city commissioners was unanimous.


DeKalb County, Georgia
July, 2004 - News Story

Any animal that is housed outside of its owner’s house shall be housed in a proper enclosure. The owner shall also ensure that the proper enclosure contains at least 100 square feet of open space.

Tethering of an animal is prohibited.

As a secondary means of restraint to a proper enclosure, an animal may be attached to a running cable line or trolley system providing that:

  • A running cable line or trolley is set inside a proper enclosure;
  • Only one animal may be attached to each running cable line or trolley system;
  • No animal may be attached to a running cable line or trolley system for more than 12 hours in a twenty-four hour period;
  • No animal may be attached to a running cable line or trolley system between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m.;
  • Tethers and cables attaching the animal to the running cable line or trolley system must be made of a substance which cannot be chewed by the animal;
  • A running cable line or trolley system must have a swivel installed at each end and be attached to a stationary object that cannot be moved by the animal;
  • The running cable line or trolley system must be at least ten feet in length and mounted at least four feet and no more than seven feet above ground;
  • The length of the tether from the running cable line or trolley system to the animal’s collar should allow access to the maximum available exercise area and allow the animal free access to food, water, and shelter;
  • Be attached to a properly fitted harness or collar not used for the display of a current rabies tag and other identification; and with enough room between the collar and the dog’s throat through which two fingers may fit; and
  • Be tethered at sufficient distance from any other objects to prohibit the tangling of the cable, from extending over an object or an edge that could result in injury of strangulation of the animal and be of sufficient distance from any fence so as to prohibit the animal access to the fence.


    Bloomington, Indiana
    December 23, 2005

    This ordinance prohibits the tethering of animals for more than 10 continuous hours and for more than 12 total hours in any 24-hour period or for any period of time in conditions that threaten the health or well-being of the animal.

    Chapter 7.36.050 General animal care.

    (f) No chain or tether shall weigh more than 1/8 of the animal’s body weight.

    (g) Any chain or tether shall be at least ten (10) feet in length and have swivels on both ends.

    (h) Any chain or tether must be attached to a properly fitting buckle-type collar or harness worn by the animal. Choke collars and pinch collars are prohibited for purposes of tethering an animal to a stationary object or cable run. A person may not wrap a chain or tether around an animal’s neck. A chain or tether used to restrain an animal must, by design and placement, be unlikely to become entangled.

    (i) It shall be unlawful for the owner/guardian of any animal to keep or maintain the animal on a tether for a period of more than ten (10) continuous hours and no more than twelve (12) hours in any twenty-four (24) hour period, or for any duration under conditions, which threaten the health, or well being of the animal.


    Indianapolis, Indiana
    2006

    (a) Every owner or keeper of an animal kept in the consolidated city and county shall see that such
    animal:
    (1) Is kept in a clean, sanitary and healthy manner and is not confined so as to be forced to stand, sit
    or lie in its own excrement; the person(s) responsible for animal(s) shall regularly and as often as
    necessary to prevent odor or health and sanitation problems, maintain all animal areas or areas of
    animal contact;
    (2) Has food that is appropriate for the species in adequate amounts to maintain good health, fresh
    potable drinking water where appropriate, shelter and ventilation, including quarters that are protected from excessive heat and cold and are of sufficient size to permit the animal to exercise
    and move about freely;
    (3) Shall not be tethered by use of a choke collar, or on any collar too small for the size and age of
    the animal, nor by any rope, chain or cord directly attached to the animal's neck, nor by a leash
    less than twelve (12) feet in length, nor by any tether or leash without swivels on both ends, or of
    such unreasonable weight as to prevent the animal from moving about freely;

    (4) Is protected against abuse, cruelty, neglect, torment, overload, overwork, or any other
    mistreatment;
    (5) Shall provide the reasonably necessary medical care, in addition to the required rabies
    vaccination which shall include recommended vaccinations as required by accepted veterinary
    standards, and if diseased or injured, or exhibiting symptoms of disease, receives proper care
    and is segregated from other animals so as to prevent transmittal of the disease; and
    (6) Is maintained in compliance with all applicable federal, state and local laws and all regulations
    respecting animal care and control as are adopted by the city department of public safety and in
    effect from time to time.
    (b) It shall be unlawful for a person to beat, starve or otherwise mistreat any animal in the city, or to
    fail to comply with any requirement of subsection (a) of this section.
    (c) It shall be unlawful for any animal to be tethered between the hours of 11:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.;
    or to tether any un-sterilized dog for any period of time unless it is monitored by a competent adult for the
    duration of such tethering; or to tether or confine an animal at a vacant structure or premises for any
    purpose or time when it is not monitored by a competent adult who is present at the property for the
    duration of such tethering or confinement.


    Marion, Indiana
    May 2006

    This ordinance prohibits the tethering of animals for more than 3 hours in any 24-hour period.

    13-2000: (J) Proper Restraints. No animal shall be tied or fastened by any rope, chain, or cord that is directly attached to the animal's neck. Restrained animals must wear a properly fitted collar or harness made of leather or nylon, not of the choker type. This is not to prohibit the proper use of choker collars in the training of animals. The tying device shall be attached to the animal's collar or harness and shall be at least twelve (12) feet of free length. If a chain is used, such chain shall not have a total weight of more than one-eighth of the restrained animal's body weight. All animals tethered on the owner's property shall not be able to get closer than three (3) feet from any fence or from another tethered animal.

    No animal will be tethered for more than three (3) hours during any 24 hour
    period. Reasonable exercise will be provided for the animal by the owner. An animal in estrus shall not be restrained by rope, chain, or cord but shall be contained in a six-sided enclosure which prohibits the access of an animal of the opposite sex.


    Dodge City, Kansas
    Dogs may not be chained or tethered for more than an hour at a time, and chains must be at least ten feet in length.

    News Story

    Chapter 2-108. Tethering of dogs restricted.

    It shall be unlawful for any person to continuously tether a dog for more than one continuous hour, except that tethering of the same dog may resume after a hiatus of three continuous hours, for up to three hours total time on tether per day.
    (a) For the purpose of tethering a dog, a chain, leash, rope or tether shall be at least ten feet in length.
    (b) A chain, leash, rope, collaring device, tether, or any assembly or attachments thereto used to tether a dog shall not weight more than one-eighth of the animal’s body weight, or due to weight, inhibit the free movement of the animal within the area tethered.
    (c) Dogs shall be tethered in such a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation, or entanglement on fences, trees, or other manmade or natural obstacles.
    (d) It is unlawful to attach chains, ropes or other restraints implements directly to a dog without the proper use of a collar, harness, or other device designed for that purpose and made from a material that prevents injury to the animal..


    Lawrence, Kansas
    Dogs may not be chained for more than one hour at at time.

    News Story
    The proposed ordinance -- based on one passed in Wichita -- would prohibit people from keeping a dog chained for more than one hour at a time, for a maximum of three hours a day, with required three-hour breaks between chainings. Violations would result in a minimum fine of $100, and the municipal judge would have the authority to sentence violators to six months in jail.
     


    Leavenworth, Kansas
    June 13, 2006
    This ordinance prohibits the tethering of dogs for more than two continuous hours or six total hours in any 24-hour period. A hiatus of three or more continuous hours must separate tethering sessions.

    Sec. 18-44. Restriction on dogs leashed or tethered on private property.
    Any dog leashed, or otherwise tethered on private property shall be restricted from movement closer than ten feet to the property line of the premises or any public sidewalk or right-of-way, unless such dog is muzzled or fenced in.
    No person shall continuously tether or stake a dog for more than two continuous hours, except that tethering or staking of the same dog may resume after a hiatus of three continuous hours, for up to six hours total time on a tether or stake per day. Provided, that this provision shall not apply to businesses utilizing dogs for security during non-business hours.


    Overland Park, Kansas
    Some relief from chaining must be granted.

    Chap. 6.09.025 A. No owner, keeper or harborer of an animal shall fail to provide the animal with adequate care, adequate food, adequate water, adequate health care, and adequate shelter. Such shelter should be clean, dry, and compatible with the condition, age and species. An animal must also have the opportunity for adequate daily exercise. This requires that an owner must offer some freedom from continuous chaining, stabling and tethering. All restraints placed on an animal must be such that it prevents the animal from being tangled or injured by the restraint. The area where animals are kept must also be kept free from unsanitary conditions and vermin-harboring debris.


    Topeka, Kansas
    January 18, 2005

    This ordinance prohibits the tethering of dogs for more than one hour at a time and more than three total hours in any 24 hour period. Dogs must be taken off tethers for at least three continuous hours between tethering periods. Tethers must be at least 10 feet long, weigh no more than one-eighth of the dog’s weight, attach to a proper collar or harness, and may not inhibit the dog’s free movement or cause injury, strangulation, or entanglement. Dogs on tethers must have access to shade, shelter, and a tip-proof water supply. Dogs may not be tethered in areas open to teasing or attacks or where the ground becomes wet or muddy.

    Section 18-4 (a): It shall be unlawful for any person to:

    (5)(a) To attach chains or tethers, restraints or implements directly to a dog without the proper use of a collar, harness, or other device designed for that purpose and made from a material that prevents injury to the animal.
    (b) No person shall:
    (1) Continuously tether a dog for more than one (1) continuous hour, except that tethering of the same dog may resume after a hiatus of three (3) continuous hours, for up to three (3) hours total time on tether per day; provided that for the purpose of tethering a dog, a chain, leash, rope or tether shall be at least ten (10) feet in length; or

    (2) Use a tether or any assembly or attachments thereto to tether a dog that shall weigh more than one eighth (1/8) of the animal’s body weight, or due to weight, inhibit the free movement of the animal within the area tethered; or

    (3) Tether a dog on a choke chain or in such a manner as to cause injury, strangulation, or entanglement of the dog on fences, trees, or other man made or natural obstacles; or

    (4) Tether a dog without access to shade when sunlight is likely to cause overheating, or appropriate shelter to provide insulation and protection against cold and dampness when the atmospheric temperature falls below forty (40) degrees Fahrenheit, or to tether a dog without securing its water supply so that it cannot be tipped over by the tether; or

    (5) Tether a dog in an open area where it can be teased by persons or an open area that does not provide the dog protection form [sic] attack by other animals; or

    (6) Tether an animal in an area where bare earth is present and no steps have been taken to prevent the surface from becoming wet and muddy in the event of precipitation.


    Wichita, Kansas
    Dogs may not be chained for more than one hour at time or more than three hours a day.

    Section 6.04.040 Control and protection of animals in general.

    (d) It is unlawful for any person to:

    (13) Continuously picket a dog for more than one continuous hour, except that picketing of the same dog may resume after a hiatus of three continuous hours, for up to three hours total time on picket per day.

    (e) For the purpose of picketing a dog, a chain, leash, rope, or tether shall be at least ten feet in length.

    (f) A chain, leash, rope, collaring device, tether, or any assembly or attachments thereto used to picket a dog shall not weigh more than one-eighth of the animals body weight, or due to weight, inhibit the free movement of the animal within the area picketed.

    (g) Dogs shall be picketed in such a manner as to prevent injury, strangulation, or entanglement on fences, trees, or other man made or natural obstacles.

    (h) It is unlawful to attach chains or other tether restraint implements directly to a dog without the proper use of a collar, harness, or other device designed for that purpose and made from a material that prevents injury to the animal. (Ord. No. 45-784 § 1: Ord. No. 44-281 § 11)


    Jefferson County, Kentucky
    Chaining a dog for more than eight hours in a twenty-four hour period is prohibited.

    1. For all animals except puppies and dogs, restraint shall mean on the premises of the owner, or if off the premises of the owner, under restraint by means of a lead or leash and under the control of a responsible person.
    2. For puppies and dogs restraint shall mean on the premises of the owner and confined in a secure enclosure as previously defined, or accompanied by the owner on the owner’s property and under their direct control. If off the premises of the owner, the animal must be restrained by a lead or leash and under the control of a responsible person.
    3. A dog or puppy may be restrained by a fixed point chain or tether for no more than eight hours in a twenty-four hour period.
    4. A dog may be exclusively restrained by a chain or tether provided that it is at least ten feet in length and attached to a pulley or trolley mounted on a cable which is also at least ten feet in length and mounted no more than seven feet above ground level.
    5. Any tethering system employed shall not allow the dog or puppy to leave the owners property.
    6. No chain or tether shall weigh more than 1/8 of the dog or puppy's body weight.
    7. Any chain or tether shall be at least ten (10) feet in length and have swivels on both ends.
    8. Any chain or tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the animal.

    (C)Any dog or cat which is impounded a second time for violation of restraint requirements within a twelve month period, the owner shall have the animal spayed or neutered within seven days of the redemption. Verification from the veterinarian performing the surgery shall be provided to the Division in writing within seven days of the surgery.


    Louisville, Kentucky

    Restraint

    (2) For puppies and dogs restraint shall mean on the premises of the owner and confined in a secure enclosure as previously defined, or accompanied by the owner on the owner's property and under their direct control. If off the premises of the owner, the animal must be restrained by a lead or leash and under the control of a responsible person.

    (a) It is prohibited to exclusively restrain a dog or puppy by a fixed-point chain or tether. A fixed-point restraint may be used temporarily but not to exceed one (1) hour in a twenty-four (24) hour period.


    Baker, Louisiana
    Dogs may not be chained for more than one hour at a time.

    News Story


    Denham County Louisiana
    2009

    Sec. 18-56. Dogs on cables or tethers; improper confinement.
    (1) Dogs and cats shall not be chained, tied, fastened or otherwise tethered as sole means for confinement to property. The continuous maintenance of a dog on a chain, rope or other kind of tether is abnormally restrictive and stressful and often results in health and temperament problems. In most cases, such long term confinement will cause the dog to suffer unnecessarily.
    (2) An individual found chaining or tethering an animal in violation of this section has 30 days to provide other means of confinement, as long as other conditions of confinement and care are being met. The grace period is null and void immediately if the owner, at any time during the grace period, is not in compliance with other applicable laws relating to animals.
    (3) As an alternative means of restraint, an animal may be attached to a running cable line or trolley system providing that:
    (a) Only one animal may be attached to each running cable line or trolley system;
    (b) No animal should be attached to a running cable line or trolley system for more than 12 hours in a 24-hour period;
    (c) Tethers and cables attaching the animal to the running cable line or trolley system must be made of a substance which cannot be chewed by the animal and shall not weigh more than 1/18 of the body weight of the animal tethered;
    (d) The running cable line or trolley system must be at least 50 feet in length and mounted at least four feet and no more than seven feet about ground level;
    (e) The length of the tether from the running cable line or trolley system to the animal's collar should allow access to the maximum available exercise area and allow the animal free access to required food, water, and shelter. The tether attaching the animal to the trolley system must allow the animal complete freedom to lie down or enter shelter without strain to the neck or body.
    (f) Be attached to a properly fitted harness or collar not used for the display of a current rabies tag and other identification; and with enough room between the collar and the dog's throat through which two fingers may fit. Choke collars and pinch collars are prohibited for the purpose of tethering an animal to a running cable line or trolley system; and
    (g) Be tethered at sufficient distance from any other objects to prohibit the tangling of the cable, from extending over or around an object to an edge that could result in injury of strangulation of the animal and be of sufficient distance from any fence so as to prohibit the animal access to the fence.
    (Code 1987, § 4:109(1), (3)--(8) ; Ord. No. 09-13, art. I, 4-14-09)
     

    Sec. 18-54. Minimum requirements for pens.
    Dog and cat pens shall meet the following minimum requirements:
    (1) The floors of pens shall be constructed of concrete or other suitable material. All pens shall be kept clean and sanitary and shall not be kept in a manner that would create a nuisance for the neighbors or neighborhood.
    (2) Pens shall be sloped to a drain connected to a sanitary sewer or an approved individual sewerage system.
    (3) Pens shall be equipped with a curb at least three inches high around the perimeter. The top of the curb shall be at such elevation that the surrounding surface water cannot drain into the pen.
    (4) Pens shall be provided with a hose bibb and water under pressure.
    (5) All dog pens shall be hosed down, thoroughly cleaned and disinfected as often as needed and in no case less than once a day.
    (6) Newly constructed or replacement dog pens shall be located a minimum of ten feet from the nearest property line. Furthermore, any newly constructed or replacement pen shall be located a minimum of 50 feet from any residence other than that of the owner, unless the lot size or configuration would make this unworkable.
    (7) Any dog confined within a pen must have an adequate space for exercise based on a dimension of at least 100 square feet. An additional 50 square feet per dog shall be added if more than one dog will be in the pen.
    (8) The pen shall be sufficient height as to prevent the dog from escaping.
    (9) The top of the pen shall be covered with materials to provide shade, and protection from the elements, and shall not hold water in the event of rain. Dog houses are required in the pen to protect each animal from rain and cold blowing in.
    (10) Any dog confined to a pen shall be provided with adequate exercise.


    New Orleans, Louisiana

    June 20, 2002
    Sec. 18-2.1. Minimum standards of care for animals (including fowl).

    (b) Tethering. No animal shall be tethered as a primary means of stationary confinement; stationary confinement by tethering shall be considered cruel treatment.


    Montgomery County, Maryland
    Amendment to the existing State and County laws against cruelty to animals to include certain practices involving the unattended restraint of a dog.

    Article II, Chapter 5, Sec. 5-201
    I. Definitions. (C) “Tether” means attaching a dog to a stationary object or pulley run by means of a chain, rope, tether, cable, or similar restraint. “Tether” does not include the use of a leash to walk a dog.

    II. Prohibited Conduct. A person must not tether a dog under circumstances that endanger its health, safety, or well being, including: (A) tethering a dog by any means other than a harness; (B) tethering a dog between the hours of midnight and five a.m. unless the Director grants a waiver based on extraordinary circumstances after determining that the proposed tethering will be safe and humane; (C) unattended tethering of a dog during a weather emergency, or a dog-control emergency declared by the Executive, the Director, or the County Health Officer; (D) using a tether that weighs more than 1/8 of the dog’s bodyweight; (E) using a tether that is less than five times the length of the dog, as measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail; (F) tethering that unreasonably limits a dog’s movement; (G) tethering under conditions where the dog or tether can become entangled on the tether or some other object; (H) tethering that restricts a dog’s access to suitable and sufficient food, clean water, and appropriate shelter; (I) tethering in unsafe or unsanitary conditions; (J) tethering that does not allow a dog to defecate or urinate in an area separate from the area where it must eat, drink, or lie down; or (K) tethering that causes injury, stress, or demonstrable socialization problems.

    III. Failure to provide relief to a dog in distress when exposed to any of the conditions listed in subsection II is proof that the dog was improperly, i.e., cruelly, tethered.


    East Longmeadow, Massachusetts
    May 1, 2006

    This ordinance prohibits the outside confinement of dogs between the hours of 11 p.m. and 6 a.m. and allows the confinement of dogs outside for more than six total hours in any 24-hour period only when certain conditions are met.

    9.025 Prolonged Confinement of Dogs Outside

    (A) Prolonged Chaining or Tethering of Dogs is Prohibited.
    No person owning or keeping a dog in the town shall chain or tether a dog to a stationary object including but not limited to any structure, dog house, pole or tree for longer than six total hours in any twenty-four hour period. Nothing in this section shall be construed as prohibiting a person from walking a dog on a hand-held leash.

    (B) Permissible Outside Confinement.
    A person owning or keeping a dog in the town may confine such dog outside for longer than six total hours in a twenty-four hour period through the used of any of the following three methods:

    (1) A pen or secure enclosure, if the following conditions are met:
    (a) The pen or secure enclosure has adequate space for exercise with a dimension of at least one-hundred square feet. Commercial dog kennels with pens intended for the temporary boarding of dogs are exempt from this requirement.

    (b) The pen or secure enclosure is constructed with chain link or other similar material as determined by the Building Inspector, with all four sides enclosed.

    (2) A fully fenced or otherwise securely enclosed yard wherein a dog has the ability to run but is unable to leave the enclosed yard.

    (3) A trolley system or a tether attached to a pulley on a cable run, if the following conditions are met:
    (a) Only one dog may be tethered to each cable run.

    (b) The tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the dog, with enough room between the collar and the dog's throat through which two adult fingers may fit. Choke collars and pinch collars are prohibited for the purposes of tethering a dog to a cable run.

    (c) There must be a swivel on at least one end of the tether to minimize tangling of the tether.

    (d) The tether and cable run must be at least ten feet in length and mounted at least four feet but not more than seven feet above ground level.

    (e) The length of the tether from the cable run to the dog's collar or harness must allow continuous access to water and appropriate shelter as described in paragraph (C) of this by-law. The trolley system or tether must be of appropriate configuration to confine the dog to the owner's property, to prevent the trolley system or tether from extending over an object or an edge that could result in injury or strangulation of the dog; and to prevent the trolley system or tether from becoming tangled with other objects or animals.

    (C) Access to Water and Shelter.
    Any person owning or keeping a dog in the town confined outside in accordance with Paragraph (B) of this section must provide the dog with access to water and an appropriate dog shelter. The dog shelter must allow the dog to remain dry and protected from the elements. Such shelter shall be fully enclosed on three sides, roofed, and have a solid floor. The entrance to the shelter shall be flexile to allow the dog's entry and exit, and sturdy enough to block entry of wind and rain. The shelter shall be small enough to retain the dog's body heat and large enough to allow the dog to stand and turn comfortably. The enclosure shall be structurally sound and in good repair. Suitable drainage must be provided so that water is not standing in or around the shelter.

    (D) No Outside Confinement at Night.
    No person owning or keeping a dog in the town may leave a dog chained, tethered or confined outside between the hours of 11:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.


    Carroll County, Maryland
    2006

    A. The owner of a dog shall keep the dog under restraint or effective control at all times.

    B. The owner of an animal shall prevent the animal, except a cat, from leaving the owner's property unattended or unrestrained.

    C. The owner of a dog shall not tie, chain, cable or in any way tether a dog outside for more than 12 hours a day (and at no time between 11:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m.).

    D. A tether to confine a dog shall be a minimum of 4½ times the length of the dog (nose to tail base) and under no circumstances less than 10 feet long.

    E. The tether shall have swivels at both ends to prevent kinking and knotting. The area covered shall be maintained so that the tether cannot become entangled and positioned so that the dog cannot wrap the tether around posts, trees, debris or hang by jumping a fence or guardrail.

    F. The owner of animal(s) that are fenced shall erect fencing normally considered suitable for the species and type of animal to be contained. Fencing shall be appropriate so as to keep the intended animals restrained within its boundaries. Fencing shall be monitored, well maintained and kept in good repair. In the case of a dog, if the owner utilizes an "invisible fence" to restrain a dog it may only be used if it consistently and effectively restrains the dog and is appropriate to be used for the dog in question. No aggressive dog may be restrained behind an "invisible fence".

    G. All areas where animals are confined shall be maintained so as to provide a safe and healthy environment for the animals within the confinement.


    Frederick County, Maryland

    October 2008
    http://www.amlegal.com/nxt/gateway.dll/Maryland/frederickco_md/frederickcountymarylandcodeofordinances?f=templates$fn=default.htm$3.0$vid=amlegal:frederickco_md

    § 1-5-26. PROPER RESTRAINT, SHELTER, PROTECTION AND CARE FOR DOGS.
    (A) Restraint requirement.

    (1) It shall be unlawful for any person to tether, fasten, chain, tie, restrain or cause a dog to be fastened, chained, tied or restrained to any stationary or inanimate object by means of a rope, chain, strap or other physical restraint for the purpose of confinement for more than ten hours, cumulatively in any 24-hour period.

    (2) The dog must be tethered by a non- choke type collar or a body harness to a tether that is at least four times the body length of the dog, measured from the dog's nose to the back of the hindquarters, or at a minimum be ten feet in length, and which the tether is free from entanglement.

    (3) The tether shall have swivels at both ends and all areas of confinement shall be maintained as to provide a safe and healthy environment for the dog.

    (4) An individual found chaining or tethering an animal in violation of this section has 30 days to provide other means of confinement, as long as other conditions of confinement and care are being met. The grace period is null and void immediately if the owner, at any time during the grace period, is not in compliance with other applicable laws relating to animals.

    (5) Individuals who do not comply within the 30-day grace period are subject to fines and penalties stipulated in this chapter.

    (B) Shelter and outdoor enclosure requirements.

    (1) Proper shelter, including protection from the weather and elements, shall be provided at all times. The shelter for a dog shall have a weatherproof roof, enclosed sides, a doorway, and a solid floor raised at least two inches above the ground. No interior surfaces shall be metal. The shelter shall have an entryway that the dog can easily enter and sufficient in size for a dog to stand, turn around, lie down, and exit in a natural manner. The shelter shall have adequate ventilation and protection from temperature extremes at all times.

    (2) Bedding, such as wood shavings, straw or other material, shall be provided in sufficient quantity for insulation. Bedding shall be kept dry.

    (3) Shade, separate from the shelter, either natural or manmade, shall be available at all times to a tethered dog, or a dog confined to an outdoor enclosure.

    (4) Any dog confined within an outdoor enclosure must have adequate space for exercise. A minimum of 100 square feet is required. Dogs over 75 pounds must have an additional 50 square feet. Seventy-five square feet is required for each additional dog kept within the same enclosed area.

    (C) Care requirements.

    (1) Any person owning or having care, control or custody of a dog shall provide daily food that is free from contamination and is of sufficient quantity and nutritive value to maintain the animal in good health.

    (2) Potable water must be accessible to the dog at all times.

    (3) The dog must receive care and medical treatment for injuries, parasites and disease, sufficient to maintain the dog in good health.

    (4) Any outdoor area where a dog is confined must be kept free of excretions and contaminated materials and cleaned regularly.

    (D) Penalties. A violation of this section may result in a civil citation pursuant to §1-5-53 of this chapter, or impoundment of the dog(s), or both.

    (Ord. 08-24-500, 9-23-2008)


    Battle Creek, Michigan

    June 20, 2002
    Sec. 18-2.1. Minimum standards of care for animals (including fowl).

    (b) Tethering. No animal shall be tethered as a primary means of stationary confinement; stationary confinement by tethering shall be considered cruel treatment.


    Red Lake Falls, Minnesota

    Subd. 1. Tethering. No animal shall be tethered as a primary means of stationary confinement. Stationary confinement by tethering shall be considered cruel treatment.
    a. It shall be unlawful for any person owning or in possession of any animal to keep that animal chained, tied, fastened or otherwise tethered as a means of confinement and restraint to property for more than 10 continuous hours in a 24 hour period.

    Subd. 2. That the animal, if not tethered, shall be within an enclosure that shall be constructed of material, and in a manner to minimize the risk of injury to the animal, and shall encompass sufficient usable space to keep the animal in good condition not smaller than a 100 square foot area and appropriate for the size or number of the animals.

    Section 503.15. CARE OF PREMISES
    Subd. 1. Clean shelter. Every structure and yard in which animals or fowl are kept shall be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition and free of all rodents, vermin, and objectionable odors. The interior walls, ceilings, floors, partitions and appurtenances of any such structure shall be whitewashed or painted as the health officer shall direct. Upon the complaint of any individual or otherwise, the health officer shall inspect such structure or yard and issue any such order as may be reasonably necessary to carry out the provisions of Part 4.


    St. Paul, Minnesota

    Saint Paul, Minnesota
    November 3, 2004
    This ordinance prohibits the chaining of dogs for more than two hours at one time, requires a minimum of a two-hour relief period between confinements, and limits the total hours of chaining allowed per day to eight. Tethers must be least three times the length of the animal and weigh no more than 10 pounds. Tethers must allow the dog access to shelter and water and can be used only in area where it will not become tangled around objects.

    Chapter 200.17 (c) Chains, Kennels, Tethers and Tie outs: Chains, tethers or tie outs must be at least three (3) times the length of the animal secured to it and may not exceed ten (10) pounds in total weight. … Any animal secured with a tie out must be so in area that would not allow the animal to become tangled around objects while allowing access to shelter and water. … Animals restrained by a chain, tether, or other tie out device shall not be secured to any stationary object for more than two consecutive hours, with at least a two hour rest or relief period between each chaining, and no more than four two hour chaining periods in a 24 hour period.


    Creve Coeur, Missouri
    April, 2005 - Dogs may not be chained for more than eight continuous hours or more than 12 hours in a 24 hour period.
    News Story

     - Tethers must be at least 15 feet long with a swivel at both ends and must be attached by means of a properly fitting harness or collar of nylon or leather in proportion to the size of the animal.

    - Leaving a dog or cat tethered outdoors for more than eight continuous hours or more than 12 hours in a 24-hour period is prohibited

    - Tethering a dog or cat under conditions where the animal or tether can become entangled or where the tether restricts access to "suitable, edible, and sufficient food, clean water (cool in summer and unfrozen in winter) and appropriate shelter" is prohibited.

    - Exposing a dog or cat to "any weather conditions that cause immediate imminent threat to the animal's physical well-being" is prohibited.

    - Tethering a dog or cat outdoors in unsafe or unsanitary conditions or in a way that "does not allow the animal to defecate or urinate in an area separate from the areas where it must eat, drink, or lie down" is prohibited.


    O'Fallon, Missouri
    June 2009

    From http://suburbanjournals.stltoday.com

    The bill, passed by an 8-0 vote, makes it illegal for owners to tie their dogs or cats on a tether in the back yard for more than eight hours at a time or 12 hours within a 24-hour period. The new law also mandates that tethers be at least 15 feet long and have a swivel at both ends.

    The law also requires that animals have access to shelter in the event of inclement weather and enough space so that animals would not be forced to eat, sleep and defecate in the same area.
     


    Camden, New Jersey
    January 11, 2001

    Animals may not be chained or tethered in any manner for more than two consecutive hours.
    § 210-45. Unlawful to chain or tether animals.

    Animals shall not be chained, tied, fastened or otherwise tethered to dog houses, trees, stakes, poles, fences, walls, or any other stationary objects outdoors or indoors as a means of confinement for more than two consecutive hours in any twenty-four-hour period.


    Folsom, New Jersey
    October 2011

    AN ORDINANCE AMENDING CHAPTER 74, ANIMALS, OF THE CODE OF THE BOROUGH OF FOLSOM
    WHEREAS, Chapter 74 of the Folsom Code dealing with animals, needs to be supplemented to provide standards to ensure the humane treatment of dogs.
    NOW, THEREFORE, be it ordained by the Mayor and Council of the Borough of Folsom, County of Atlantic, State of New Jersey, as follows:
    1. Chapter 74, of the Folsom Code is hereby amended to include the following additional sections:
    Section 74-22.1. Chaining or Tethering of Dogs.
    a. Dogs must be able to freely move when chained or tethered and shall be chained or tethered for a total of no more than nine (9) hours within a twenty four (24) hour period. The size of the tether or chain must be a minimum of fifteen (15) linear feet and shall remain tangle free. Dogs must be equipped with properly fitted harness or buckle type collars. The tether or chain shall be constructed of suitable light weight cable.
    b. No dogs shall be chained or tethered after the hour of 11pm or before 7am.
    c. A dog house shall be accessible to any dog that is chained or tethered. Dog houses shall contain bedding, such as straw or other absorbent material in a clean and sufficient quantity to provide adequate insulation for the house. Bedding shall be maintained in a dry condition and renewed or changed as necessary.
    d. Dogs that are not spayed or neutered shall not be tethered or chained for any period of time and must be in a completely enclosed yard or housed indoors.
    Section 74-22.2. Prohibited Activities and Treatment.
    a. No owner, caretaker, guardian or handler shall withhold property shelter, protection from weather, veterinary care and immune care to any animal. No owner, caretaker, guardian or handler shall fail to provide an animal with sufficient food and drinkable water on a daily basis. Food and water must be in animal food consumption or water consumption type container, feeder or waterer.
    b. No animal shall be subjected to unnecessary suffering and cruelty such as subjecting the animal to prolonged fear, injury, pain or physical abuse.


    Lower Township, New Jersey
    April 19, 2004

    This ordinance limits the chaining of dogs to nine hours in any 24-hour period. Tethers must be lightweight, at least 15 feet long, and tangle free. They must allow a dog to move freely and have access to a doghouse.

    Section 166-1 (E) Chaining or Tethering of Dogs: Dogs must be able to move freely when chained or tethered and shall be confined for a period no greater than nine hours within a twenty-four hour period. The size of the tether or chain must be a minimum of 15 linear feet and shall remain tangle free. Dogs must be equipped with properly fitting harness or buckle type collar. The tether or chain shall be constructed of lightweight cable. A doghouse shall be accessible to dogs that are chained or tethered.


    Ocean City, New Jersey
    July 21, 2004

    This ordinance prohibits the chaining of dogs who have not been spayed or neutered. The chaining of sterilized dogs for more than nine total hours in any 24-hour period is prohibited. Dogs may not be chained at all between sunset and sunrise. Tethers must be light-weight, tangle free, attach to a proper collar or harness, and must not place the animal in any danger.

    Chapter 11-1.6. Chaining or Tethering.

    a. Dogs must be able to move freely when chained or tethered and shall be confined for a period no greater than nine (9) hours within a twenty-four (24) hour period. The tether or chain shall be of such length as not to place the animal in any danger and shall assure that the animal will be confined to the owner's property. The chain or tether shall be tangle free. Dogs must be equipped with a properly fitting harness or buckle type collar. The tether must be made of light-weight, yet durable material, or a chain.

    b. Dogs that are not spayed or neutered will not be allowed to be tethered or chained for any period of time and must be in a completely enclosed yard or housed indoors.

    c. No dogs may be tethered or chained after dark (prior to sunrise or after sunset).


    Sea Isle City, New Jersey
    May 11, 2004

    This ordinance limits the chaining of dogs to nine hours in any twenty-four hour period. Tethers must be lightweight, at least 15 feet long, and tangle free. They must allow a dog to move freely and have access to a doghouse. Unaltered animals cannot be chained for any period of time. No dogs may be chained after 10:30 p.m.

    Subsection 5-3.9 Chaining or Tethering of Dogs: (a) Dogs must be able to move freely when chained or tethered and shall be confined for a period no greater than nine hours within a twenty-four hour period. The size of the tether or chain must be a minimum of 15 linear feet and shall remain tangle free. Dogs must be equipped with properly fitting harness or buckle type collars. The tether or chain shall be constructed of lightweight cable. A doghouse shall be accessible to dogs that are chained or tethered. (b) Dogs that are not spayed or neutered will not be allowed to be chained for any period of time and must be in a completely enclosed yard or housed indoors. (c) No dogs may be chained after the hours of 10:30 PM in the evening.


    Wildwood, New Jersey
    July 14, 2004

    This ordinance limits the chaining of dogs to nine hours in any twenty-four hour period. Tethers must be lightweight, at least 15 feet long, and tangle free. They must allow a dog to move freely and have access to a doghouse.

    Section 8-7.8 Chaining or Tethering of Dogs: Dogs must be able to move freely when chained or tethered and shall be confined for a period no greater than nine hours within a twenty-four hour period. The size of the tether or chain must be a minimum of 15 linear feet and shall remain tangle free. Dogs must be equipped with properly fitting harness or buckle type collar. The tether or chain shall be constructed of lightweight cable. A doghouse shall be accessible to dogs that are chained or tethered.


    Wildwood Crest, New Jersey
    June 14, 2004

    This ordinance limits the chaining of dogs to eight hours in any twenty-four hour period. Dogs cannot be tethered for more than four consecutive hours, and must be taken off a tether for at least one hour between confinements. Tethers must be lightweight, at least 15 feet long, and tangle free. They must allow a dog to move freely and have access to a doghouse. No dogs may be chained after 11:00 p.m.

    Section 28-9 Chaining or Tethering of Dogs: (a) Dogs must be able to move freely when chained or tethered and shall be confined for a period no greater than eight hours within a twenty-four hour period, with a maximum of four (4) hours at any one interval and a minimum one (1) hour period between confinements. The size of the tether or chain must be a minimum of fifteen (15’) linear feet and shall remain tangle free. Dogs must be equipped with properly fitting harness or buckle-type collars. The tether or chain shall be constructed of lightweight cable. A doghouse shall be accessible to dogs that are chained or tethered. (b) No dogs shall be chained after the hour of 11:00 PM in the evening.


    Canandaigua, New York
    September 1, 2005

    This ordinance prohibits the tethering of dogs for more than 16 hours in any 24- hour period and only allows tethering if certain conditions are met.

    Section 6.08.020 Definitions.
    F. Tether – chaining, tying, leashing, or tethering a dog to any object.

    Section 6.08.030 Restrictions.
    H. Tethering of Dogs Prohibited
    (1) It is prohibited to restrain a dog or puppy by a chain or tether for more than sixteen (16) hours in a twenty-four (24) period.
    (a) Any tethering system employed shall not allow the dog or puppy to leave the owner’s property.

    (b) Any tethered animal shall be arranged so that the tethering device cannot become entangled around trees, poles or other obstacles nor prevent the access to shade, food, water, and shelter.


    New York City, New York
    February, 2011

    LOCAL LAWS OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK FOR THE YEAR 2011
    No. 10

    To amend the administrative code of the city of New York, in relation to prohibiting restraining animals outdoors for longer than three continuous hours in any continuous twelve-hour period.
    Be it enacted by the Council as follows:
    Section 1. Title 17 of the administrative code of the city of New York is amended by adding a new section 17-197 to read as follows:

    §17-197 Restraining animals outdoors.
    a. (1) No person shall tether, leash, fasten, secure, restrain, chain or tie an animal to a stationary object outdoors, or cause such animal to be so restrained, for longer than three continuous hours in any continuous twelve-hour period.
    (2) Any person who tethers, leashes, fastens, secures, restrains, chains or ties an animal to a stationary object outdoors for a permissible period of time shall provide such animal with adequate food, water and shelter, and shall restrain the animal with a device having swivels at both ends that is of an adequate length for the type and size of animal being restrained, provided, however, that the requirement to provide adequate food, water and shelter shall not apply to a person who restrains an animal while completing a task for a period of time that is fifteen minutes or less in duration.
    b. Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision a of this section, no person shall tether, leash, fasten, chain, tie, secure or restrain any animal for any amount of time with a device that:
    (1) is a choke collar or pinch collar;
    (2) has weights attached or contains links that are more than one-quarter inch thick;
    (3) because of its design or placement is likely to become entangled;
    (4) is long enough to allow the animal to move outside of its owner’s property; and
    (5) would allow the restrained animal to move over an object or edge that could result in the strangulation of or injury to such animal.
    c. Any person who violates the provisions of this section or any of the rules promulgated thereunder shall, for a first offense, be guilty of a violation punishable by a fine not to exceed two hundred fifty dollars, provided that such person shall be issued a written warning instead of such fine for such first offense where such animal was not injured as a result of being restrained in violation of this section. For any subsequent offense within a continuous twelve-month period, such person shall be guilty of a class B misdemeanor punishable by a fine not to exceed five hundred dollars or by imprisonment of not more than three months, or both. In addition to such penalties, any person who violates this section shall be liable for a civil penalty of not less than two
    hundred fifty dollars nor more than five hundred dollars.
    d. Authorized officers, veterinarians and employees of the department, agents of the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and any other persons designated by the commissioner shall be empowered to enforce the provisions of this section or any rule promulgated hereunder. Violations of this section may be supported by evidence including, but not limited to, time-stamped photographs and video, records of complaints, and sworn witness statements.
    e. The provisions of this section shall not be construed to prohibit the department, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals or any law enforcement officer from enforcing any other law, rule or regulation regarding the humane treatment of animals.
    f. The provisions of subdivision (a) of this section shall not apply to the officers or employees of any federal, state or city law enforcement agency.


    Suffolk County, New York
    May 19. 2014

    News article

    A Suffolk law will ban tethering dogs outside for more than 2 hours during a 12-hour period -- an attempt to crack down on owners who leave their canines abusively chained up. The new bill, passed last week unanimously by the Suffolk County Legislature, also requires that tethers or chains attached to a fixed structure be at least 10 feet long, cannot be more than 25 percent of a dog's weight and no more than 25 pounds, and don't restrict blood or oxygen to the dog's brain.


    Huntington West Virginia
    2009
    From Herald-Dispatch: http://www.herald-dispatch.com/news/x300693159/Council-passes-dog-tethering-ordinance

    HUNTINGTON -- After months of public debate, committee meetings and protests that involved animal lovers chaining themselves to trees at Ritter Park, the city of Huntington now has a dog tethering ordinance.
     City Council approved the ordinance Monday night by a 9-2 vote. Councilmen Jim Insco and Nate Randolph were the two dissenting votes.

    The adopted ordinance is a simplified version of the original measure that City Council debated this past summer. The original proposal limited tethering to no more than 10 hours a day and would have prohibited the practice entirely depending on the outside temperature.

    Recognizing the first proposal would be difficult, if not impossible, to enforce, Councilman Jim Ritter pared down the ordinance to prohibit tethering only when a dog's owner or guardian is not present. Tethering will still be allowed when the owner or guardian is at home, said Ritter, the ordinance's sponsor.


    Albuquerque, New Mexico
    January 19, 2005

    This ordinance prohibits the chaining of dogs for more than one total hour in any 24 hour period.

    Council Bill No. C/S O-04-90, Section 4 (A): … [N]o person shall chain, tie, or otherwise affix a dog to any stationary object for more than one hour in any 24 hour period.


    Laurinburg, North Carolina
    June 20, 2000
    Dogs may not be chained for a period longer than one hour in a 24-hour period.

    Sec. 4-21. Restraint of dogs.
    When a dog is on the property of its owner or keeper and is not within a secure enclosure, it shall be under the direct control of and obedient to the owner or keeper. At all other times when a dog is on the property of its owner or keeper, it shall be kept within a secure enclosure, including a fenced in area or electronic fence, house or other building, of sufficient strength and height to prevent the dog from escaping therefrom; provided, the owner or keeper may, for a period not to exceed one (1) hour every twenty-four (24) hours, allow the dog to be tethered or chained to a stationary object or pole so long as the dog is provided sufficient water and nourishment. All dogs off of the property of the owner or keeper shall be controlled by means of a leash and under the direct control of and obedient to the owner or keeper’s command.

    Noncompliance with any of the foregoing provisions in the section 4-21 may result in the impoundment of the animal at any time, or it may result in a fine of one hundred dollars ($100.00) or both.

    Dogs utilized by law enforcement officers in the course of law enforcement activities are exempt from the section. (Code 1975, § 4-5; Ord. No. O-1997-29, 11-18-97; Ord. No. O-2000-12, § 1, 6-20-00)


    Orange County, North Carolina
    February 2009

    It shall be unlawful for any person to restrain a dog using a chain, wire or other type of tethering device in a manner prohibited by this subsection.
    1. No person shall tether, fasten, chain, tie, or restrain a dog, or cause such restraining of a dog, to a tree, fence, post, dog house, or other stationary object for more than a total of 3 hours in a 24-hour period. During periods of tethering that are not unlawful under this subsection, any tethering device used shall be at least 10 feet in length and attached in such manner as to prevent strangulation or other injury to the dog and entanglement with objects. In no event shall the time limitations established by this subsection 1 and subsection 2 below be added together to allow for tethering, fastening, chaining, tying, or restraining to either a stationary object or to a cable trolley system for more than a total of 3 hours in a 24-hour period.
    2. No person shall tether, fasten, chain, tie, or restrain a dog, or cause such restraining of a dog, to a cable trolley system, that allows movement of the restraining device, for more than a total of 3 hours in a 24-hour period. During periods of tethering that are not unlawful under this subsection, the length of the cable along which
    the tethering device can move must be at least 10 feet, and the tethering device must be of such length that the dog is able to move 10 feet away from the cable perpendicularly and attached in such manner as to prevent strangulation or other injury to the dog and entanglement with objects.

    Read more:
    http://townhall.townofchapelhill.org/agendas/2009/02/16/2/2-2-orange_county_tethering_ordinance.pdf


    Scotland County, North Carolina
    June 6, 2005

    This ordinance prohibits the chaining of dogs for more than one hour in any 24-hour period.

    Section 9 (H): No person shall, at any time, fasten, chain, or tie any dog or cause such dog to be fastened, chained, or tied, while such dog is on the dog owner’s property, or on the property of the dog owner’s landlord no longer than one (1) hour per day.


    North Royalton, Ohio
    July 1, 1997
    Chapter 618.05 ANIMAL CARE STANDARDS; CRUELTY TO ANIMALS.

    6. Dogs continuously maintained on a restrictive chain, rope or other kind of tether shall be deemed to be improperly confined. However, tethering may be acceptable in certain cases where adequate daily socialization and exercise off the tether have been afforded and verified. If a dog is confined on a tether, excepting periods of time that are brief and incidental, the tether shall be at least fifteen feet in length and positioned to prevent tangling and hanging. The tether must be of proper weight for the dog's size to allow for the provisions set forth in paragraph (c)(1) hereof. Logging chains are prohibited for any dog. The tethered dog shall wear a properly fitted harness or buckle-type collar and be released from the tether at least twice daily for adequate exercise. A choker-chain on the neck of a tethered dog is prohibited. No other animals shall be tethered unless under the supervision of a custodian capable of handling the animal. Collars, harnesses, halters and the like shall be properly fitted to prevent discomfort or injury.

     


    Chagrin Falls, Ohio
    June 25, 2007

    505.071 CRUELTY TO COMPANION ANIMALS

    c) No person who confines or who is the custodian or caretaker of a companion animal shall negligently do any of the following:

    3) Dogs tethered outside shall be limited to a total of nine hours in any twenty four hour period. Tethers cannot inhibit a dog's movement in any way that causes injury, entanglement, or strangulation. All tethers will be no less than twenty feet in length. Choke collars and pinch collars are prohibited for the purpose of tethering.

    4) When ambient temperatures fall below thirty degrees Fahrenheit, dogs shall be limited to a total of four hours outside, whether in a pen or on a tether. When summer temperatures exceed eighty five degrees Fahrenheit, animals have to be provided with adequate shade. Adequate shade will be shade which affords the animal the ability to be protected form direct exposure to the sun.

    6) Dogs confined to pens must have not less than 150 square feet of pen space for each dog housed.


    Middletown, Ohio
    April, 2007

    § 618.23 CONFINEMENT OF DOGS. EXHIBIT “C”
    (a) Except as otherwise limited by Section 618.17 of the Codified Ordinances, dogs may be considered to be in the reasonable control of their owner, harborer or keeper if they are enclosed or tethered on the property of such owner, harborer or keeper.
    (b) Chaining or tethering. Direct point chaining or tethering of dogs to a stationary point is prohibited. Dogs may be restrained by means of a trolley system or a tether attached to a pulley on a cable run, if the following conditions are met:
    A. Only one dog may be tethered to each cable run
    B. The tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the dog, with enough room between the collar and the dog’s throat through which two adult human fingers may fit. Choke collars, prong collars and pinch collars are prohibited for purposes of tethering a dog to a cable run.
    C. The chain or tether must have swivels on both ends.
    D. The tether or chain and cable run must be of adequate size and strength to effectively restrain the dog. However, the chain or tether shall weigh no more than one-eighth (1/8) of the dog’s weight.
    E. The chain or tether must be at least fifteen (15) feet in length and attached to a pulley or trolley mounted on a cable which is also at least fifteen (15) feet in length and mounted no more than seven (7) feet above the ground.
    F. The dog shall be tethered at a sufficient distance for any other objects to prevent tangling of the chain or tether, from extending over an object or an edge that could result in strangulation and a sufficient distance from any fence to prohibit the dog access to the fence.
    G. The dog shall have continuous access to water and shelter.
    H. The dog must be spayed or neutered.
    I. No dog shall be chained or tethered for more than twelve (12) consecutive hours in a twenty-four (24) hour period.
    (c) Enclosures. Any dog enclosed in a pen or a fenced yard must have adequate space for exercise based on a dimension of at least one hundred and fifty square feet (150 sq. ft.) per dog.


    Bartlesville, Oklahoma
    www.cityofbartlesville.org
    Section 3-125 Use of tie-outs and chaining limited.

    (A) It shall be unlawful for the owner of any dog to keep or 
    maintain the dog on a tie-out consisting of a rope, chain or other type of 
    tether for a period of more than five (5) continuous hours, or for any duration 
    under conditions which threaten the health or well-being of the animal. At 
    the end of any such period, the owner shall remove the tether from the dog and provide the dog with an adequate chance to exercise.
    (B) The owner of a dog maintained on a tether of any type shall 
    properly fit the dog with a harness or buckle-type collar to which the 
    tether shall be attached. The tether shall be of adequate length to 
    allow reasonable exercise and access to water and shelter at all times, and 
    shall not be subject to entanglement with other objects in a manner to cause 
    the dog any injury or discomfort or be of a weight disproportionate to the 
    size of the animal so tethered as to unduly burden the animal.
    (C) The owner of any cat shall not stake the cat outside on a 
    leash, rope, chain, or similar tether.
    (D) The requirements of this section shall apply during the 
    twenty-four hours of each day.


    Multnomah County, Oregon
    June 27, 2002 - Tethering is restricted. Dogs may not be continuously tethered longer than 10 hours in a 24 hour period.

    Ordinance No. 986 (b) Tethering of a dog on a leash, cord, chain or similar device, to an object that prohibits or restricts movement, recommended not more than an hour. Allowing the dog a larger area, avoid entanglement, tether the dog to a stationary object. (c) The Board wishes to prohibit tethering a dog in an unsafe manner and in any manner for longer than 10 hours in a 24-hour period.


    Hazleton, Pennsylvania

    Ordinance 2006-9, Dog Owner Responsibility

    2. Containment

    a. All dogs shall be securely contained to their owner's property, but may not be inhumanely restrained by tying to a restraint for more than 8 continual hours per day.


    Oak Ridge, Tennessee
    Animals may not be restrained for more than eight hours in a twenty-four hour period.
    City Code

    (b) A dog or puppy may be restrained by a fixed point chain or tether for no more than eight hours in a twenty-four hour period.
    (c) A dog may be exclusively restrained by a chain or tether provided that it is at least ten feet in length, with swivels on both ends, and is properly attached to a pulley or trolley mounted on a cable which is also at least ten feet in length and mounted at least four feet and no more than seven feet above ground level in a manner so as not to interfere or become entangled with objects on the property.
    (d) Any tethering system employed shall not allow the dog or puppy to leave the owner’s property.
    (e) No chain or tether shall weigh more than one-eighth of the dog or puppy’s body weight.
    (f) Any chain or tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the dog or puppy.


    Montgomery County, Tennessee
    2010

    (e) It shall be unlawful for any animal to be confined or restrained to any stationary object for more than one (1) hour. Puppies under six (6) months of age may not be left unattended at any time while tethered. Dogs six (6) months or older, as determined by veterinary records or breeder certificates, may be restrained by means of a trolley system attached to a pulley on a cable run. Exception: An in ground fixed point cable system may be used if the system allows 360 degree movement and if the following conditions are met:
    (1) Only one dog may be confined or restrained to each cable system.
    (2) Choke collars and pinch collars are prohibited for purposes of confining or restraining.
    (3) There must be a swivel on at least one end of the restraint to minimize tangling.
    (4) The cable run must be at least twenty (20) feet in length and mounted at least four (4) feet and no more than seven (7) feet above ground level with a swivel on at least one end to minimize entanglement.
    (5) The length of the restraint to the dog’s collar should allow access to the maximum available exercise area and should allow continuous access to clean water and adequate shelter. The trolley system must be of appropriate configuration to confine the dog to the owner’s property, to prevent the restraint from extending over an object or edge that could result in injury or strangulation of the dog, and to prevent the restraint from becoming entangled with other objects or animals.
    (6) Any dog confined or restrained 24 hours a day 7 days a week must have at least 30 minutes of time spent actively with proper exercise off restraint (by means of leash walking, active play in an enclosed secured area conducive to the dogs size and age) within each 24 hour period.
    (a) Any dogs confined within a fenced yard or kennel type enclosure must have adequate space for exercise based on a dimension of at least one hundred (100) square feet.
    (7) No dog shall be confined or restrained in an area where bare earth is prevalent and no steps have been taken to prevent the area from becoming wet and muddy from precipitation. (10- 3-7)


    Austin, Texas
    October 3, 2002 - Dogs cannot be tethered for more than 8 hours in a 24-hour period unless the chain is longer than 10 feet, swivels and is attached to a pulley.

    Ordinance No. 021003-13, Article I Chapter 3-3-8
    (a) A person may not restrain a dog by a fixed point chain or tether for more than eight hours in a 24-hour day unless the chain or tether is at least 10 feet long, has swivels at each end, and is attached to a pulley or trolley mounted cable that is mounted no more than seven feet above ground level.
    (b) A person restraining a dog with a chain or tether shall attach the chain or tether to a properly fitted collar or harness worn by the dog. A person may not wrap a chain or tether around a dog’s neck. A person may not restrain a dog with a chain or tether that weighs more than 1/8 of the dog’s body weight.
    (c) A person may not restrain a dog in a manner that does not allow the dog to have access to necessary shelter and water. A chain or tether used to restrain a dog must, by design and placement, be unlikely to become entangled.
    (d) A person may not restrain a dog in a manner that allows the dog to move outside the person’s property.


    Grand Prairie, Texas
    Sec. 521.
    Unlawful restraint of animals.
    (a) The owner of an animal may restrain an animal on a tether for a reasonable period, not to exceed three hours in a 24 hour period, and no longer than is necessary for the owner to complete a temporary task that requires the animal to be restrained.

    Tethering is prohibited:
    (1) Between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m.;
    (2) Within 500 feet of the premises of a school or school bus stop;
    (3) If the actual or effective outdoor temperature is below 32 degrees Fahrenheit;
    (4) If a heat advisory has been issued by a local or state authority or jurisdiction;
    (5) If a hurricane, tropical storm, or tornado warning has been issued for the jurisdiction by the National Weather Service;
    (6) If the tether is a. less than five times the length of the dog, as measured from the tip of the dog's nose to the
    base of the dog's tail; or b. less than 10 feet; whichever is greater.
    (7) If the tether and/or related attachments are greater than 20 percent of the animal’s weight;
    (8) If the tether is attached by means of a pinchtype, prongtype, or choketype collar or if the collar is unsafe or is not properly fitted;
    (9) If the tether inhibits the animal’s free movement or causes injury or entanglement;
    (10) If the animal is under four months of age;
    (11) If the animal does not have access to shade, dry shelter, and a tipproof water supply;
    (12) If the length of the tether allows the animal to touch the fence or cross the property line or cross onto public easement.

    Sec. 522.Confinement.
    (a) Any dogs confined within a fenced yard must have adequate space for exercise based on a dimension of at least 100 square feet for one dog, plus an additional 30 square feet for each additional dog.

    (b) For owners or persons having custody of a dog kept in an outside dog run or dog kennel, the enclosure shall meet the 100 square foot requirement for the first dog with an additional 30 square feet for every additional dog in the same enclosure. Enclosures shall be of sufficient height to prevent the dog from escaping, constructed of chain link or similar material with a solid floor or ground, provide shade and protection from the elements, and meet the requirements

     


    Arlington County, Virginia
    Sec. 521.
    October 19, 2013
    http://news.arlingtonva.us

    - 3-hour tethering limit in a 24-hour period
    - 12-hour limit for dogs on running cables or trolleys
    - $100 fine for violators

    ARLINGTON, Va. – The Arlington County Board today approved new rules that limit the amount of time dogs may be tethered, citing potential risks to the animals’ health and well-being.

    The Board voted unanimously as part of the consent agenda to adopt regulations that limit the amount of time a dog may be tethered to three hours within a 24-hour period, and limit the amount of time a dog can be affixed to a running cable or trolley system to 12 hours in a 24-hour period.

    “The Board's action today is meant to protect dogs from abuse," said Arlington County Board Chairman J. Walter Tejada. "Tethering can put dogs at risk if the tethered animal is unable to get to food, water or shelter. Dogs can also become aggressive if tethered too long. Animal control officers have long made it a practice to respond to reports of dogs being tethered for hours on end. The new rules help responsible dog owners by providing clarity on what’s acceptable and what isn’t.”

    The regulations take effect immediately and have been put forth in amendments to Chapter 2 (Animals and Fowl) of the Arlington County Code. Violations are misdemeanors and carry a fine of up to $100.

    To report a violation, call the Animal Welfare League of Arlington at 703-931-9241.


    Danville, Virginia
    Sec. 5-25. - Adequate space for animals; time restriction on tethering companion animals.

    (a) It shall be unlawful to fail to provide any animal with adequate space. "Adequate space" means sufficient space to allow each animal to (i) easily stand, sit, lie, turn about, and make all other normal body movements in a comfortable, normal position for the animal and (ii) interact safely with other animals in the enclosure.

    (b) When a companion animal is tethered, "adequate space" means a tether that permits the above actions and is appropriate to the age and size of the companion animal. The tether must be attached to the companion animal by a properly applied collar, halter, or harness configured so as to protect the companion animal from injury and prevent the companion animal or the tether from becoming entangled with other objects or animals, or from extending over an object or edge that could result in the strangulation or injury of the companion animal. Furthermore, the tether must be at least three (3) times the length of the companion animal, as measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail, except when the companion animal is being walked on a leash or is attached by a tether to a lead line. When freedom of movement would endanger the companion animal, temporarily and appropriately restricting movement of the companion animal according to professionally accepted standards is considered to be provision of adequate space.

    (c) It shall be unlawful for any person to tether a companion animal:
    1. When the outside temperature is equal to or less than thirty-two (32) degrees Fahrenheit;
    2. In a manner as to cause injury, strangulation or entanglement of the dog on fences, trees, or other manmade or natural obstacles;
    3. To a fixed-point;
    4. That is under four (4) months of age;
    5. That is sick or injured; or
    6. For more than four (4) hours, in any twenty-four-hour period.
    (d) Any person violating the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a Class 4 misdemeanor.

     


    Fairfax City, Virginia
    Dec. 9, 2014

    http://www.fairfaxva.gov/Home/Components/News/News/1930/

    The city has enacted a new ordinance regarding dog tethering that defines how and when city dogs may be tethered and expands enforcement and penalties.

    Dogs age 4 months and older may be tethered for no more than one hour between 7 a.m. and 10 p.m. daily. Dogs who are sick or injured, or younger than 4 months old, may not be tethered. Tethering is not permitted at night.

    Dogs may not be tethered for any amount of time if the ambient temperature in the tethering area drops below 32ºF or rises past 90ºF.

    Penalties are $50 for the first violation and up to $250 for subsequent violations. Suspected tethering violations should be reported to the Police Department at 703-385-7924 (or, in case of an emergency, dial 911).

    City Code defines tethering as “tying, fastening, chaining, restraining... a companion animal to any fixed or stationery object, device or structure, or to any other object designed to confine and limit the movement of the companion animal.”

    Previously, the city’s laws mirrored the Virginia Code, which provided only broad definitions. Other Virginia cities have implemented stricter policies.

    Information: 703-385-7925.


    Newport News, Virginia
    Nov. 25, 2014

    Daily Press News Article

    Page 215 of the 11/25/14 City Council Meeting PDF:
    • Per Council's discussion at its October 14, 2014 Work Session, this proposed ordinance was drafted regarding regulating dog tethering and has several key provisions.
    • The ordinance prohibits the tethering of a dog unless it is attended, and only allows unattended tethering for a continuous period of time that is not to exceed one hour.
    • The ordinance also contains a grandfathering provision that would allow a dog owner who has
      obtained a dog license as of January 31, 2015, to be exempt from the new tethering restrictions.
    • Any subsequent dog obtained and licensed after January 31, 2015 would be subject to the new
      tethering restrictions.
    • Dog owners covered under the exemption, are still required to be in compliance with the tethering
      ordinance requirements, such as tether length, type of chain, collar, etc.
    • All dog owners continue to be subject to local and state laws that govern the treatment of animals for
      their health, safety, and welfare.
    • The date proposed for the City to begin enforcement is July 1, 2015.
    • The City Manager recommends approval.

    Northampton County, Virginia
    May 19, 2004 - No animal shall be tethered for more than 12 hours in a 24 hour period. Tethers must be at least 10 feet long. Any violations shall constitute a Class 4 misdemeanor.

    Provisions to Section 3.1-796.66, 3.1-796.68, and 3.1-796.94

    Section 1. Care of companion animal tethered
    An animal owner in the County of Northampton shall allow each animal to
    (i) easily stand, sit, lie, turn about and make all other normal body movements in a comfortable, normal position for the animal and

    (ii) interact safely with other animals in the enclosure. When an animal is tethered, “adequate space” means a tether that permits the above actions and is appropriate to the age, size, and health of the animal; is attached to the animal by a properly applied collar, halter, or harness configured so as to protect the animal from injury and prevent the animal or tether from becoming entangled with other objects or animals, or from gaining access to public thoroughfares, or from extending over an object or edge that could result in the strangulation or injury of the animal; and is at least ten (10) feet in length or three (3) times the length of the animal whichever is longer, as measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail, except when the animal is being walked on a leash or is attached by a tether to a lead line. When freedom of movement would endanger the animal, temporarily and appropriately restricting movement of the animal according to professionally accepted standards for the species is considered provision of adequate space. Provided, however, that no animal shall be tethered for more than twelve (12) hours in a twenty-four-hour period.


    Northampton County, Virginia
    May 19, 2004
    ·
      No animal shall be tethered for more than 12 hours in a 24 hour period.

    · Tethers must be at least 10 feet long.

    · Any violations shall constitute a Class 4 misdemeanor.

    Provisions to Section 3.1-796.66, 3.1-796.68, and 3.1-796.94

    Section 1. Care of companion animal tethered

    An animal owner in the County of Northampton shall allow each animal to (i) easily stand, sit, lie, turn about and make all other normal body movements in a comfortable, normal position for the animal and (ii) interact safely with other animals in the enclosure. When an animal is tethered, “adequate space” means a tether that permits the above actions and is appropriate to the age, size, and health of the animal; is attached to the animal by a properly applied collar, halter, or harness configured so as to protect the animal from injury and prevent the animal or tether from becoming entangled with other objects or animals, or from gaining access to public thoroughfares, or from extending over an object or edge that could result in the strangulation or injury of the animal; and is at least ten (10) feet in length or three (3) times the length of the animal whichever is longer, as measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail, except when the animal is being walked on a leash or is attached by a tether to a lead line. When freedom of movement would endanger the animal, temporarily and appropriately restricting movement of the animal according to professionally accepted standards for the species is considered provision of adequate space. Provided, however, that no animal shall be tethered for more than twelve (12) hours in a twenty-four-hour period.

    Section 2. Penalty for Violation of this Ordinance


    Richmond, Virginia
    October 23, 2007

    The Richmond City Council passed an ordinance that makes it punishable by fines and jail time to leave a dog tethered for more than an hour a day. The ordinance makes it unlawful for owners to fail to give their dogs adequate space, as defined by state law, or to tether them for more than one hour cumulatively in a 24-hour period. A first offense would be a Class 3 misdemeanor, punishable by a fine of up to $500. A second offense would be a Class 2 misdemeanor, with a fine of up to $1,000 and jail up to six months. A third offense or more would be a Class 1 misdemeanor, with a fine of up to $2,500 and 12 months in jail. Read news story


    Smithfield, Virginia
    October 4, 2005
    This ordinance prohibits the tethering of dogs for more than 8 hours in any 24- hour period and forbids tethering between the hours of 11 p.m. and 6 a.m.

    Section 18-45

    (a) It shall be unlawful for any person owning and/or controlling dogs whether vaccinated or unvaccinated, licensed or unlicensed, to allow said animal to be tied or chained to dog houses, or other stationary objects for a period of time longer than 8 hours in a 24 hour period and shall be prohibited from 11:00 pm through 6:00 am.


    Staunton Virginia
    2010

    6.05.090 Tethering animals.
    (1) It shall be unlawful for any person to tether any animal less than four months of age within the city of Staunton. Animals over four months of age are prohibited from being tethered between the hours of 10:00 p.m. through 6:00 a.m. local time.

    (2) Whenever the police department or animal control officer receives a complaint as to a violation of this section, and the complaint is found to be warranted, the police department or animal control officer shall notify the person in writing to abate such violation within 30 days. If, after such written notice, the person fails to correct the violation, the police department or animal control officer shall take the necessary legal action to abate the violation by having the animal impounded or the person charged with a violation of this section, or both.

    (3) The first violation of this section shall constitute a Class 4 misdemeanor. A subsequent violation shall constitute a Class 3 misdemeanor. (Ord. 2010-14).


    Virginia Beach, Virginia
    August 31, 1999 - This ordinance prohibits the chaining of dogs for more than three total hours in any 24 hour period. Tethers must be at least three times the dog’s length.

    Section 5-19: (a) It shall be unlawful to fail to provide any animal with adequate space. “Adequate space” means sufficient space to allow each animal to
    (i) easily stand, sit, lie, turn about, and make all other normal body movements in a comfortable, normal position for the animal and

    (ii) interact safely with other animals in the enclosure. (b) When a dog is tethered, “adequate space” means a tether that permits the above actions and is appropriate to the age and size of the dog. The tether must be attached to the dog by a properly applied collar, halter, or harness configured so as to protect the dog from injury and prevent the dog or tether from becoming entangled with other objects or dogs, or from extending over an object or edge that could result in the strangulation or injury of the dog. Furthermore, the tether must be at least three times the length of the dog, as measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail, except when the dog is being walked on a leash or is attached by a tether to a lead line. When freedom of movement would endanger the dog, temporarily and appropriately restricting movement of the dog according to professionally accepted standards is considered to be provision of adequate space. (c) It shall be unlawful for any dog to be tethered for more than three (3) hours, cumulatively, in any twenty-four-hour period.


    Moundsville, West Virginia
    November 2009
    http://fohowv.org/images/pdflaw/moundsvilletetheringord.pdf

    No person shall tether an animal:
    a. When the outside temperature is equal to or greater than 85 degrees Fahrenheit or equal to or less than 32 degrees Fahrenheit.
    b. In such a manner as to cause injury, strangulation or entanglement of the dog on fences, trees or other man-made or natural obstacles.
    c. With a fixed point chain or to any stationary object.
    d. After dark and before 6 AM
    e. Within 500 feet of a school
    f. That is under 6 months of age.
    g. That is sick or injured.

    CONFINEMENT REQUIREMENTS:
    Though highly discouraged, tethering is only acceptable during the permitted hours by the following methods.
    A. Dogs may be restrained by means of a trolley type system or a tether attached to a pulley on a cable run, Provided:
    1. Only one dog may be tethered to each cable run.
    2. The tether must be attached to a properly fitted buckle type collar or a harness. Choke, prong or pinch collars shall not be used to tether a dog to a cable run. A swivel must be on each end of the tether to prevent twisting and tangling.
    3. The tether and cable must be of adequate size and strength to effectively restrain the dog and must not be of excessive size or weight considering the age, size and health of the dog. Maximum weight limit of the tether, including any assembly or attachments thereto, shall be no more than 1/8 the weight of the dog.
    4. The cable run must be at least ten (10) feet in length and mounted at least four (4) feet and no more than seven (7) feet above ground level.
    5. The length of the tether from the cable run to the animal’s collar must be of such length that the dog is able to move 10 feet away from the cable perpendicularly and should allow continuous access to water and shelter. The cable system must be of the appropriate configuration to confine the animal to the owner’s property, to prevent the tether from extending over an object or an edge that could result in injury or strangulation and to prevent the tether from becoming entangled with other objects or animals. The tether must be long enough for the animal to move around and be able to urinate or defecate in an area separate from where it must eat, drink or lie down. The tether must allow the animal convenient access to food, water, dry ground or shelter. No vegetation or obstacles can restrict the movement of the animal on the tether.
    6. A shelter which is defined as having 4 sides, a roof and a solid floor and be of the appropriate size for the animal. The dog must be able to easily stand, sit, lie down, turn around and make all other normal body movements in a comfortable, normal position for the animal. It must be wind and moisture proof and of proportionate size to allow the natural body heat of the dog to be retained in cold weather.
    7. An entry way to allow the animal to easily enter and exit; the entryway must have a flap which blocks any inclement weather from entering. (wind, rain, snow, etc.)
    8. The floor shall be raised at least 2 inches above the ground and be free of cracks, holes or protruding nails or rough edges that could cause injury.
    9. The shelter shall be maintained and cleaned regularly. The area around the shelter shall be kept clean of accumulated feces, garbage and any other debris.
    10. Metal drums shall not be considered shelter.
    11. Straw, cedar chips or such like material shall be provided inside the dog house and the surrounding area.
    12. The shelter is placed in an area that provides protection from the direct rays of the sun, when sunlight is likely to cause overheating or discomfort. Pens, fences or other such enclosures must:
    h. Allow a minimum of 150 square feet of area for each dog.
    i. Provide sufficient shade to allow the dog to be out of the direct rays of the sun when sunlight is likely to cause overheating or discomfort. The inside of the dog house does not qualify as sufficient shade.
    j. Maintained in a clean manner and kept free from accumulated feces and debris.
    k. Provide shelter as defined in the Confinement Requirements
    Food and water:
    l. Potable water must be available at all times.
    m. It must not be allowed to freeze without replacement.
    n. The food and water container must be placed out of the sun.
    o. Food and water is to be provided in a clean container and situated or fastened in such a manner to prevent overturning.
    p. Food shall be free from contamination, wholesome, palatable and of sufficient quantity and nutritive value to meet the daily requirements for the condition and size of the dog.


    Linn, Wisconsin
    August 11, 2003 - Dogs cannot be tethered for more than eight hours in a 24-hour period unless the chain is longer than 10 feet, swivels, and is attached to a pulley.

    Chapter 7.10 Tethering/Chaining of Dogs Restricted.
    (a) A dog may be restrained by a fixed point chain or tether for no more than eight (8) hours in a twenty-four hour period.
    (b) A dog may be exclusively restrained by a chain or tether provided that is at least ten (10) feet in length and attached to a pulley or trolley mounted on a cable which is also at least ten (10) feet in length and mounted no more than seven (7) feet above ground level.
    (c) No chain or tether shall weigh more than 1/8 of the dog’s body weight.
    (d) Any chain or tether shall be at least ten (10) feet in length and have swivels at both ends.
    (e) Any chain or tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the animal.


    Charleston, West Virginia - June 2007
    Dogs can't be tethered for more than two continuous hours or more than five times in 24 hours. Dogs can't be tethered outside for more than one hour if the temperature is greater than 90 degrees.

    Section 10.4 - Tethering of Dogs


    Racine, Wisconsin
    November, 1998 - Dogs cannot be tethered for more than twelve hours in a 24-hour period. The chain must be at least 10 feet long.

    Sec. 10-75. Chaining dogs.
    (a) It shall be unlawful to keep a dog chained for longer than 12 hours in any 24-hour period.
    (b) The chain shall be no less than ten feet in length.
    (c) The chain shall be attached in such a manner as not to allow the dog to trespass on public or private property.
    (d) The terms "chain" and "chaining" shall include ropes and leashes.

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    Ordinances that Regulate Tethering

    Fairhope, Alabama
    May 12, 2003 - Chaining or tethering dogs is prohibited. Attaching dogs to a running line or trolley is permitted, provided that the line is at least 10 feet long. Enclosures must provide a minimum of 150 square feet for dogs over 6 months of age.

    Ordinance No. 1169
    AN ORDINANCE TO PROHIBIT THE CHAINING OR TETHERING OF DOGS AND MANDATING THAT DOG ENCLOSURES MUST PROVIDE 150 SQUARE FEET OF SPACE FOR DOGS OVER SIX MONTHS OF AGE BE IT ORDAINED BY THE GOVERNING BODY OF THE CITY OF FAIRHOPE, ALABAMA, AS FOLLOWS:

    Section 1. Any person owning and/or controlling dogs whether vaccinated or unvaccinated, licensed or unlicensed, shall no allow said animal to be tied or chained to dog houses, or other stationary objects.
    Section 2. No person shall, at any time, fasten, chain, or tie any dog or cause such dog to be fastened, chained or tied while such dog is on the dog owner’s property or on the property of the dog owner’s landlord, or on any property within the corporate limits of the City of Fairhope.
    Section 3. Any dogs confined within a fenced yard must have an adequate space for exercise based on a dimension of at least 150 square feet per dog. Provided, further that where dogs are kept or housed on property without a fenced yard, the owner of such dogs or persons have custody of such dogs shall provide an enclosure for such dogs meeting the 150 square foot per dog dimension. Such enclosure shall be constructed of chain link or similar type materials with all four sides enclosed. The enclosure shall be sufficient height to prevent the dog from escaping from such enclosure, and shall meet the requirements of the Alabama animal rights protection act 13A-11-241.
    Section 4. Nothing in this ordinance shall be construed to prohibit owners or others walking dogs with a hand held leash.
    Section 5. Nothing in this ordinance shall be construed to prohibit owners from allowing dogs to be attached to over head runs (i.e. leash or chain attached to an over head wire at least 10 feet long, that allows the dog to move unheeded.)


    Phoenix, Arizona
    June 2016

    B.    An owner shall not restrain a dog outside by use of a restraint that unreasonably limits the dog’s movement or during extreme weather conditions.
    A restraint unreasonably limits a dog’s movement if the restraint:
    1.    Uses a collar that is not properly fitted to the dog;
    2.    Is in length shorter than ten feet;
    3.    Places the dog in unsafe or unsanitary conditions;
    4.    Causes injury to the dog; or
    5.    Does not permit the dog access to food, water, shade, dry ground, or shelter.


    Little Rock, Arkansas
    Sec. 6-16. Confinement.
    (d) Chaining. Direct point chaining, or tethering of dogs to a stationary object, is prohibited. Dogs may be restrained by means of a trolley system, or a tether attached to a pulley on a cable run, if the following conditions are met:
    (1) Only one dog may be tethered to each cable run.
    (2) The tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the dog, with enough room between the collar and the dog's throat through which two fingers may fit. Choke collars and pinch collars are prohibited for purposes of tethering a dog to a cable run.
    (3) There must be a swivel on at least one end of the tether to minimize tangling of the tether.
    (4) The tether and cable run must be of adequate size and strength to effectively restrain the dog. The size and weight of the tether must not be excessive, as determined by the Animal Services officer, considering the age, size and health of the dog.
    (5) The cable run must be at least (10) feet in length and mounted at least four (4) feet and no more than seven (7) feet above ground level.
    (6) The length of the tether from the cable run to the dog's collar should allow access to the maximum available exercise area and should allow continuous access to water and shelter. The trolley system must be of appropriate configuration to confine the dog to the owner's property, to prevent the tether from extending over and object or an edge that could result in injury or strangulation of the dog, and to prevent the tether from becoming tangled with other objects or animals.

    (f) Confinement During Transportation.
    (1) When transporting a dog in an open-bed pickup or in any open-bed vehicle, the dog shall be confined in a secured carrier or dog box that provides the dog adequate room to stand, turn around, and stretch out without hindrance and provides adequate ventilation and protection from environmental conditions.
    (2) If a dog must be transported in an open-bed vehicle but is too large for a carrier or dog box, the dog shall be restrained by a system of tethering to the vehicle bed in a manner that reasonably restricts the dog to the center of the bed in order to prevent the dog’s
    escape and to minimize the dog’s access to the sides of the vehicle bed.
    (3) It shall be unlawful for any person to place or confine or allow a dog to be confined in such a manner that it must remain in a motor vehicle, trailer or pet carrier under such conditions for such periods of time as may endanger the health or well-being of the dog due to heat, lack of food or water, or any circumstances which might cause suffering, disability or death.

    Section 6-17 Minimum Care
    (a) Shelter.
    (1) Any dog that is habitually kept outside or repeatedly left outside unattended by an adult person shall be provided with a structurally sound, moisture-proof and windproof shelter large enough to keep the dog reasonably clean and dry.
    (2) A shelter which does not protect the dog from temperature extremes or precipitation, or which does not provide adequate ventilation or drainage, shall not comply with this section.
    (3) A dog’s shelter and bedding and other accessible space shall be maintained in a manner which minimizes the risk of the dog contracting disease, being injured or becoming infested with parasites.
    (b) Nutrition.
    (1) It shall be unlawful for any person keeping or harboring any dog to fail, refuse or neglect to provide such dog with clean, fresh potable water adequate for the dog’s size, age, and physical condition. This water supply shall be either free flowing or provided in a removable receptacle that is weighted and secured to prevent tipping.
    (2) It shall be unlawful for any person keeping or harboring any dog to fail, refuse or neglect to provide such dog with wholesome foodstuff suitable for the dog’s physical condition and age and in sufficient quantities to maintain an adequate level of nutrition for the dog.
    (c) Exercise.
    (1) The enclosure or confinement area for a dog shall encompass sufficient useable space to keep the animal in good condition.
    (2) When a dog is confined by means of a tether and cable run, the trolley system shall be configured to allow access to the maximum available exercise area.

    Go to Little Rock page.


    Lowell, Arkansas
    News Article - January 21, 2015

    ORDINANCE NO. 952

    Section 1. Direct-point chaining or tethering of dogs to a stationary object is prohibited. Dogs may be restrained by means of a trolley system, or a tether attached to a pulley on a cable run, or to an anchoring device, sufficient in strength to restrain the dog, to a tangle-resistant tether if the following conditions are met:
    •Only one dog may be tethered to each cable run.
    •The tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the dog, with enough room between the collar and the dog’s throat through which two fingers may fit. Choke collars and pinch collars are prohibited for purposes of tethering a dog to a cable run, or other tangle-resistant restraint device.
    •There must be a swivel on both ends of the tether to prevent tangling of the tether.
    •The tether and cable run, or other anchoring device with a tangle-resistant tether, must be of adequate size and strength to effectively restrain the dog. The size and weight of the tether must not be excessive, as determined by the animal services officer, considering the age, size and health of the dog.
    •The cable run must be at least ten feet in length and mounted at least four feet and no more than seven feet above ground level, and if an anchoring system is used, the tangle-resistant tether must be at least ten (10′) feet in length.
    •The length of the tangle-resistant tether from the cable run, or anchoring device, to the dog’s collar should allow access to the maximum available exercise area and should allow continuous access to water and shelter. The trolley system or anchoring device and tangle-resistant tether must be of appropriate configuration to confine the dog to the owner’s property, to prevent the tether from extending over an object or an edge that could result in injury of strangulation of the dog, and to prevent the tether from becoming entangled with other objects or animals.


    Sonoma County, California
    2006

    Sec. 5-127. – Tethering/chaining of dogs restricted.

    (a) A dog may be restrained by a fixed point chain or tether for no more than twelve (12) hours in a twenty-four hour period. This limitation shall not apply to a dog used in an agricultural operation for herding, guarding, or protecting livestock.
    (b) No chain or tether shall weigh more than one-eighth of the dog’s body weight.
    (c) Any chain or tether shall be at least ten (10) feet in length and have swivels at both ends.
    (d) Any chain or tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the animal. The use of chain or pinch collar is prohibited.
    (e) If a dog is restrained using a pulley and cable system, the chain or tether must be at least ten (10) feet in length and attached to a pulley or trolley mounted on a cable that is also at least ten (10) feet in length and mounted at least four (4) feet and no more than seven (7) feet above ground level in a manner so as not to interfere or become entangled with objects on the property.
    (f) The chained or tethered dog must have constant access to clean, fresh water in a sturdy, tip-resistant bowl or bucket inside a rubber tire to prevent tipping. It should be checked for freezing in the winter. Food has to be palatable and nutritious.
    (g) The chained or tethered dog must have constant access to shelter and protection from the elements in all seasons of the year. The area must be kept clean of defecation.

    (Ord. No. 5664 § 1(d), 2006.)


    Springdale, Arkansas
    Read ordinance
    Sec. 14-36. - Tethering animals prohibited.

    Direct-point chaining or tethering of dogs to a stationary object is prohibited. Dogs may be restrained by means of a trolley system, or a tether attached to a pulley on a cable run, if the following conditions are met:

    (1) Only one dog may be tethered to each cable run.
    (2) The tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the dog, with enough room between the collar and the dog's throat through which two fingers may fit. Choke collars and pinch collars are prohibited for purposes of tethering a dog to a cable run.
    (3) There must be a swivel on at least one end of the tether to minimize tangling of the tether.
    (4) The tether and cable run must be of adequate size and strength to effectively restrain the dog. The size and weight of the tether must not be excessive, as determined by the animal services officer, considering the age, size and health of the dog.
    (5) The cable run must be at least ten feet in length and mounted at least four feet and no more than seven feet above ground level.
    (6) The length of the tether from the cable run to the dog's collar should allow access to the maximum available exercise area and should allow continuous access to water and shelter. The trolley system must be of appropriate configuration to confine the dog to the owner's property, to prevent the tether from extending over an object or an edge that could result in injury or strangulation of the dog, and to prevent the tether from becoming entangled with other objects or animals.


    Texarkana, Arkansas

    March 20, 2017

    No animal shall be tethered to a stationary object. Dogs may be restrained by means of a trolley system, provided that certain requirements are met.

    Section 5-6 of the Code of Ordinances of the City of Texarkana, Arkansas, is hereby deleted in its entry and the following is substituted therefore:

    A. Confinement of Dogs. Any person owning, possessing or keeping a dog or dogs, whether vaccinated or unvaccinated, licensed or unlicensed, shall confine such dog or dogs within an adequate fence or enclosure within a house, garage or other building that provides adequate ventilation and protection from environmental conditions.
    B. Confinement of Cats. Any person owning, possessing or keeping a cat or cats, whether vaccinated or unvaccinated, licensed or unlicensed, shall confine such cat or cats to his or her property in a manner adequate to prevent the cat from running at large.
    C. No person shall direct-point chain or tether a dog to a stationary object. Dogs may be restrained by means of a trolley system or a tether attached to a pulley on a cable run only if the following conditions are met:

    Only one (1) dog may be tethered to each cable run.
    1.The tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the dog, with enough room between the collar and the dog’s throat through which two (2) fingers may fit. Choke collars and pinch collars are prohibited for purposes of tethering a dog to a cable run.
    2.There must be a swivel on a least one (1) end of the tether to minimize tangling of the tether.
    3.The tether and cable run must be of adequate size and strength to effectively restrain the dog. The size and weight of the tether must not be excessive, as determined by the Animal Welfare Officer, considering the age, size and health of the dog.
    4.The cable run must be at least ten (10) ft. in length and mounted at least four (4) ft. and no more than eight (8) ft. above ground level.
    5.The length of the tether from the cable run to the dog’s collar should allow access to the maximum available exercise area and should allow continuous access to water and shelter. The trolley system must be of appropriate configuration to confine the dog to the owner’s property, to prevent the tether from extending over an object with an edge that could result in injury or strangulation of the dog, and to prevent the tether from becoming entangled with other objects or animals.

    Notification of any violation of this provision shall be in the form of written warning to any one of: any owner of the animal, any person found to be in possession of the animal, or any owner or occupant of the property upon which the violation is occurring, whereupon a period of ten (10) days will be allowed for compliance.
    If compliance is not met on or before the expiration of such period, the dog may be removed by Animal Welfare Officers.
    If, for any reason, any portion of this ordinance should be held to be invalid, such invalidity shall in no way affect the remaining portions thereof which are valid, but said valid portions shall be and remain in full force and effect.


    Hemet, California
    Sec. 10-39. Prohibited acts.
    (10) For any person owning or having possession, charge, custody or control of any dog to cause or permit or allow the dog to be staked out in such a manner that the rope or other attachment by which such animal is tethered permits the animal to be or to go beyond the boundaries of the unenclosed private lot or land.


    Freemont, California
    Chained animals must be free from danger of becoming entangled, and must have access to food, water, and shelter.

    Sec. 3-5606. Animal restraints.
    When a chain, rope or other restraint is used to tether an animal, it shall be so placed or attached that it cannot become entangled with the chain of any other animal or with any other object. It shall be affixed by means of a well-fitted collar, and shall be at least four times the length of the animal as measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail and shall allow the animal convenient access to food, water and shelter adequate to protect the animal from the elements.

    Sec. 3-51434. Restraint requirements for dangerous dogs.
    When confined in an enclosure the dog shall be provided access to adequate shelter from the elements, food, and water and shall not be tethered.


    San Bernardino, California
    2006

    D. DOG KENNELS must be tall enough to prevent the dog from jumping over or have a secure top and be able to prevent dogs from digging out. Kennels must have a minimum of 100 square feet for one dog, plus an additional 25 square feet for each additional dog in the same enclosure.

    E. CABLE RUNS are authorized as an alternative to fencing or kennel runs. These types of restraints should allow the animal freedom of motion to move about at will within a protected area on the property without becoming tangled in obstacles. The cable runs shall be located in the yard area so as to prevent the dog from traversing upon another person's property, public sidewalks or public property, and from charging and harassing persons and pedestrians utilizing these properties. Cables must be sized according to the manufacturer’s specifications for weight of the animal.

    F. TIE-OUTS must be sufficient in length but never less that eight (8) feet, excluding the length of the collar, and non-rigid, to allow the animal freedom of movement without becoming tangled. Tie-outs must not be the primary means of restraint and no animal shall be keep in this manner for more than 12 hours a day.


    San Diego, California
    This ordinance pertains to dogs who are kept as “guard dogs.”

    SEC. 62.685. GUARD DOGS.

    (a)GENERAL PROVISIONS. Any "Guard Dog Operator," in addition to any requirements of The Dog Act of 1969 (Health And Safety Code 25970 et seq.), shall:
    (7) In addition, ensure that each dog, whether or not on duty, is visited at least once every twelve (12) hours and that each dog has adequate food, water and shelter. Any dog which is sick or injured shall be provided proper care and attention and, if on duty, shall be removed from the site. Dogs shall not be kept or maintained on a chain or tether. Dogs shall not be kept or maintained, for any period of time, in an enclosure area with less than twelve feet by five feet (12' x 5') floor space or in any enclosure area without adequate ventilation.


    San Francisco, California
    January 11, 2005

    Dogs may be tethered provided they have a nonchoke collar and pulley system. The tether must be at least 10 feet in length and allow the dog access to food, water, and shelter but free of obstructions. The ordinance also gives requirements for shelter, water, and adequate exercise.

    Sections 41.12 and 41.13
    4. Confinement Requirements
    Though highly discouraged, tethering is only acceptable if:
    The tether is attached to a stake in the ground with a pulley like system.
    The tether is attached to the dog by a non-choke type collar or body harness at least 10 feet in length which would allow the dog access to food, water and shelter, but free of obstructions.


    San Jose, California
    “Vicious dogs” may not be tethered as a sole means of confinement.

    7.08.1120 Requirements for muzzling and leashing.
    When a vicious dog is even temporarily other than indoors or in a securely enclosed, escapeproof, locked kennel, pen or other place which complies with Section 7.08.1110, the owner or person with a right to control the dog shall keep the dog:
    A. On a leash not to exceed three feet in length. The leash must be capable of restraining four times the weight of the dog. The leash must be attached to an escapeproof commercial quality walking harness which fastens securely across the shoulders and midchest encompassing the rib area and upper abdomen of the dog. No neck collar of any type or material will be sufficient to satisfy the above requirements. Vicious dogs shall not be leashed or tethered at any time to inanimate objects such as trees, posts, or buildings except when the dog is inside a securely enclosed, escapeproof locked kennel or pen.


    Larimer County Colorado
    http://www.co.larimer.co.us/policies/animal.pdf

    2009

    Sec. 6-80. Improper care or treatment prohibited:
    (a) No owner or keeper of a pet animal shall fail to provide that pet animal with sufficient good and wholesome food and water, proper shelter and protection from the weather, veterinary care, when necessary, and such other care as is customary and necessary for the pet animal's health and well-being, considering the species, breed and type of animal.
    (b) No person shall beat, cruelly ill-treat, torment, overwork or otherwise abuse or needlessly kill a pet animal or cause, instigate or permit any dogfight, cockfight, bullfight or other combat between pet animals or between pet animals and humans, nor shall any person transport or confine a pet animal in or upon any vehicle in such a manner as to endanger the animal's health or life.
    (c) No owner or keeper of a pet animal shall abandon such pet animal.
    (d) A person may not restrain a dog by a fixed point chain or tether for a period of time or under conditions that an animal control officer or animal cruelty investigator deems harmful or potentially harmful to the animal.
    Examples of improper chaining or tethering include, but are not limited to, the following:
    (1) Using a chain or tether made of rope, twine, cord or similar material.
    (2) Using a chain or tether that is less than 10 feet in length and/or does not have swivels on both ends. All chains or tethers must be attached to the animal by means of a properly fitting harness or collar of not less than one inch in width. A person may not wrap a chain or tether around a dog’s neck.
    (3) Using a chain or tether that is too heavy or too big for the size and weight of the animal so that the animal is prohibited from moving about freely.
    (4) Allowing an animal to be chained or tethered such that the animal is not confined to the owner’s property or such that the chain or tether can become entangled and prevent the animal from moving about freely, lying down comfortably or having access to adequate food, water and shelter.
    (5) Using a chain as a primary collar. All collars used for the purpose of chaining or tethering an animal must be made of nylon, cotton, leather or similar material.


    Bonita Springs, Florida
    March 24, 2009


    Sec. 8-5. – Cruelty to animals.

    (l) Tethering. No person shall under any circumstances tether or otherwise confine any animal in a manner that is injurious to the animal’s health, safety and well-being. Proper and humane tethering includes, but is not limited to, the following:
    (1) Collars used to attach an animal should be comfortable and properly fitted as to not choke the animal. The use of choke chains is prohibited.
    (2) The tethering shall not extend over an object or edge in such a manner that could result in strangulation of or injury to the animal. The length of the tether must be a minimum of ten feet, or at least three times the length of the animal measured from the animal’s nose to the base of its tail, whichever is greater, unless the tether is being used to secure the animal to the bed of an open vehicle or pickup truck. Restraints should allow the animal to move about and lie down comfortably.
    (3) Tethering of an animal is prohibited during natural disasters such as floods, fires, tornados or hurricanes.


    Lee County, Florida
    February 4, 2014

    SECTION 5: CRUELTY TO ANIMALS

    L. TETHERING

    No person shall under any circumstances tether or otherwise confine any animal in a manner that is injurious to the animal’s health, safety and well-being. Proper and humane tethering includes, but is not limited to the following:
    1.Collars used to attach an animal should be comfortable and properly fitted as to not choke the animal. The use of choke chains is prohibited.
    2.The tether shall not extend over an object or edge in such a manner that could result in strangulation of or injury to the animal. The length of the tether must be a minimum of ten (10) feet, or at least three times the length of the animal measured from the animal’s nose to the base of its tail, whichever is greater, unless the tether is being used to secure the animal to the bed of an open vehicle or pick-up truck. Restraints should allow the animal to move about and lie down comfortably.
    3.Tethering of an animal is prohibited during natural disasters such as floods, fires, tornados or hurricanes.


    Leon County, Florida
    February 12, 2013

    Sec. 4-37. – Humane care required.
    e) Tethering. No person shall under any circumstances tether or otherwise confine any animal in a manner that is injurious to the animal’s health, safety and well-being. Proper and humane tethering includes, but is not limited to the following:
    (1) Collars used to attach an animal should be comfortable and properly fitted. The use of choker collar or chain is prohibited.
    (2) The tether shall not extend over an object or edge in such a manner that could result in strangulation of or injury to the animal. The length of the tether must be a minimum of six feet, or at least three times the length of the animal measured from the animal’s nose to the base of its tail, whichever is greater, unless the tether is being used to secure the animal to the bed of an open vehicle or pick-up truck. The tether must have a swivel at both ends to prevent entanglement. Restraints should allow the animal to move about and lie down comfortably. Pulley, running line, or trolley systems must be at least 15 feet in length and less than seven feet above the ground.
    (3) Tethering of an animal is prohibited during severe weather events and natural disasters such as flood, fires, tornadoes, hurricanes or blizzard.
    (4) No animal shall be confined to a vacant or abandoned structure or vacant property.
    (5) The weight or gauge of any tether or chain shall not be more than one-eighth of the animal’s weight. Logging chains and vehicle tow chains are prohibited. No person shall add any weight to an animal collar, harness, chain or tether.
    (6) Animals are not to be tethered outside during extreme weather events, including, but not limited to, extreme heat or cold, thunderstorms, lightning, tornadoes, tropical storms, hurricanes, or snow.
    (7) The animal tethered must be at least six months of age. Puppies and kittens shall not be tethered.
    (8) The animal tethered must not be sick or injured.


    Statham, Georgia
    2013

    Dogs may not be tethered, although they may be attached to overhead trolley lines.

    Addendum to Animal Control Ordinance for City of Statham
    Tethering Prohibited
    1.No person shall, at any time, fasten, chain, or tie any dog or cause such dog to be fastened, chained or tied while such dog is on the dog owner’s property or on the property of the dog owner’s landlord, or on any property within the corporate limits of the City of Statham.
    2.…
    3.Nothing in this ordinance shall be construed to prohibit owners from allowing dogs to be attached to overhead runs (i.e. leash or chain attached to an overhead wire at least 15 feet long, that allows the dog to move unhindered).


    Aurora, Illinois
    This ordinance specifies what the minimum length of the tethering device must be and prohibits devices that can become entangled.

    Sec. 9-22. No person or owner shall treat any animal cruelly in any manner, including, but not limited to the following: By tethering any animal to a fixed object unless such chains, ropes or leashes are so placed or attached that they cannot become entangled with another animal or object, and shall be of sufficient length in proportion to the size of the animal to allow the animal proper exercise and convenient access to food, water and shelter. Such tethering shall be located so as not to allow such animal to trespass on public property or private property belonging to others, nor in such a manner as to cause harm or danger to persons or other animals.


    Noblesville, Indiana
    December 28, 2004

    This ordinance allows dogs to be tethered as long as tethers are at least 10 feet long, terminate in swivels at both ends, attach to a proper collar or harness, and are connected to a running line at least 10 feet long and less than 7 feet above the ground. Dogs tethered in any other manner may not be tethered more than eight total hours in any 24 hour period.

    Chapter 90.03 Hitching or Tying: No animal shall be hitched, tied or fastened by any rope, chain or cord that is directly attached to the animal’s neck. Animals that must be tied, hitched or fastened to restrain them must wear a properly fitted collar or harness made of leather or nylon not of the choker type. This is not to prohibit the proper use of choke collars in the training of animals. A person may not restrain an animal by a fixed point chain or tether less than 10 feet for more than eight hours in a 24 hour period unless the chain or tether is at least 10 feet long, has swivels at each end and is attached to a pulley or trolley mounted cable at least 10 feet in length and mounted no more than seven feet above ground level. Any outside caged or penned animal or dog shall be kept in a cage or pen no less than 10x10x4 feet in size, equaling a 100 square foot roaming area. Violations shall be considered a Class A infraction.


    Bowling Green, Kentucky
    March 7, 2006

    This ordinance prohibits the fixed-point tethering of a dog for more than one hour in any 24-hour period. No tether may weigh more than one-eighth of the dog’s body weight, be less than 10 feet long, or attach to anything other than a properly fitting collar or harness. Dogs may be tethered to a pulley or trolley system provided that it is at least 10 feet long and no more than 7 feet above the ground.

    1. Chapter 5 (Animals) of the Code of Ordinances is hereby amended as follows:

    5-1 ANIMAL CONTROL.

    5-1.01 Definitions. As used in this Chapter:

    “Confinement” shall mean:

    b. Puppies and dogs:

    1. It is prohibited to exclusively restrain a dog or puppy by a fixed-point chain or tether. A fixed-point restraint may be used temporarily, but not to exceed one (1) hour in a twenty-four (24) hour period.

    2. A dog may be exclusively restrained by a chain or tether provided that it is at least ten (10) feet in length and attached to a pulley or trolley mounted on a cable which is also at least ten (10) feet in length and mounted no more than seven (7) feet above ground level.

    3. Any tethering system employed shall not allow the dog or puppy to leave the owner's property.

    4. No chain or tether shall weigh more than 1/8 of the dog or puppy's body weight.

    5. Any chain or tether shall be at least ten (10) feet in length and have swivels on both ends.

    6. Any chain or tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the animal.


    Louisville, Kentucky

    Dogs may be tethered to a cable run, provided that the tether is at least 10 feet long, weighs no more than one-eighth the dog’s weight, and has swivels on both ends. The tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness.

    Restraint

    (2) For puppies and dogs restraint shall mean on the premises of the owner and confined in a secure enclosure as previously defined, or accompanied by the owner on the owner's property and under their direct control. If off the premises of the owner, the animal must be restrained by a lead or leash and under the control of a responsible person.

    (b) A dog may be exclusively restrained by a chain or tether provided that it is at least ten (10) feet in length and attached to a pulley or trolley mounted on a cable which is also at least ten (10) feet in length and mounted no more than seven (7) feet above ground level.

    (c) Any tethering system employed shall not allow the dog or puppy to leave the owners property.

    (d) No chain or tether shall weigh more than 1/8 of the dog or puppy’s body weight.

    (e) Any chain or tether shall be at least ten (10) feet in length and have swivels on both ends.

    (f) Any chain or tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the animal.


    Ouichita, Louisiana
    Tethered animals must have access to food, water and shelter.

    Sec. 3-46. Crimes; misdemeanors.
    (4) Cruelty to animals. The following acts and omissions constitute cruel treatment to animals; therefore, it shall be a misdemeanor for any person, firm or corporation to: d. Tether, confine, or restrain any animal in such a way as to permit said animal to become entangled in such tether, or render said animal incapable of consuming food and water for more than twenty-four (24) hours; or from obtaining shelter from the elements.


    Baton Rouge, Louisiana
    This ordinance specifies where an animal can be tethered and how long the tethering device must be.

    Sec. 14:203. Minimum requirements for dog and cat pens and yards.
    (6) Tethers used to restrict the animal to the confines of its owner's property shall be minimum length of five (5) times the length of the animal, as measured from the nostrils to the base of the tail. Tethers shall restrict the animal to its owner's property. The area shall be kept free of obstructions to prevent entanglement. No tethered animal shall be allowed to endanger the health, safety or welfare of others.


    St. Charles Parish, Louisiana
    This ordinance specifies a minimum length for the tethering device, prohibits tethers that may entangle an animal, and prohibits tethering where an animal may pose a threat to public safety.

    Sec. 4-13. Dogs on tethers.
    If a dog is confined on a tether, the tether shall be equipped with swivel ends and be positioned to prevent tangling and/or hanging. The tethered dog shall wear a properly fitted harness or buckle-type collar. A properly installed and positioned running line is preferable to a stationary tether. The line must be at least five times the length of the dog. The dog cannot be tethered in an area which would pose a threat to public safety and health.


    Montgomery County, Maryland

    Amendment to the existing State and County laws against cruelty to animals to include certain practices involving the unattended restraint of a dog.

    Article II, Chapter 5, Sec. 5-201
    I. Definitions. (C) “Tether” means attaching a dog to a stationary object or pulley run by means of a chain, rope, tether, cable, or similar restraint. “Tether” does not include the use of a leash to walk a dog.

    II. Prohibited Conduct. A person must not tether a dog under circumstances that endanger its health, safety, or well being, including: (A) tethering a dog by any means other than a harness; (B) tethering a dog between the hours of midnight and five a.m. unless the Director grants a waiver based on extraordinary circumstances after determining that the proposed tethering will be safe and humane; (C) unattended tethering of a dog during a weather emergency, or a dog-control emergency declared by the Executive, the Director, or the County Health Officer; (D) using a tether that weighs more than 1/8 of the dog’s bodyweight; (E) using a tether that is less than five times the length of the dog, as measured from the tip of its nose to the base of its tail; (F) tethering that unreasonably limits a dog’s movement; (G) tethering under conditions where the dog or tether can become entangled on the tether or some other object; (H) tethering that restricts a dog’s access to suitable and sufficient food, clean water, and appropriate shelter; (I) tethering in unsafe or unsanitary conditions; (J) tethering that does not allow a dog to defecate or urinate in an area separate from the area where it must eat, drink, or lie down; or (K) tethering that causes injury, stress, or demonstrable socialization problems.

    III. Failure to provide relief to a dog in distress when exposed to any of the conditions listed in subsection II is proof that the dog was improperly, i.e., cruelly, tethered.


    Kansas City, Missouri
    Sec. 14-16. Abuse or neglect of animals.
    (a) Adequate care required; inspections. No owner or keeper of an animal shall fail to provide the animal with adequate care, adequate food, adequate water, adequate health care and adequate shelter. Such shelter shall be clean, dry, shaded and compatible with the condition, age and species. An animal must also have the opportunity for adequate daily exercise as determined by the supervisor of animal control. This requires that an owner must offer some freedom from continuous chaining, stabling and tethering. Any restraint placed on an animal must be such that it prevents the animal from being tangled or injured by the restraint. Grooming of animals is also required so that they are free from dangerous matting which can affect their health. The area where animals are kept must also be kept free from unsanitary conditions, vermin-harboring debris, junk or any other dangerous protuberances which can provide an opportunity for injury or a danger to the animal's health. Any owner, keeper or harborer of an animal in this city, by the act of owning, keeping or harboring such animal, does thereby authorize the supervisor of animal control to enter the yard where such animal is kept if the supervisor of animal control reasonably believes that the animal is kept in an unlawful, negligent, cruel, abusive or inhumane manner, and to examine such animal and to seize and impound such animal at the municipal animal shelter when, in the examiner's opinion, it is being kept in an unlawful, negligent, cruel, abusive or inhumane manner. If an animal control officer cannot view and observe the animal in plain sight, the owner, keeper or harborer, upon request, must exhibit for inspection any and all animals which are not in plain sight but are on or inside the premises.


    Lincoln, Nebraska
    August 22, 1988 - Animals may not be tethered unattended in public, on sidewalks, or on streets.

    6.04.330 Tethered Animals.
    It shall be unlawful for any person to tether, chain, or fasten any animal in such a manner as to permit it to be upon any public sidewalk or street or to leave it unattended while tethered, chained, or fastened on public property. It shall be unlawful to tether, chain, or fasten an animal in such a manner as to cause it injury or pain or not permit it to reach shelter, food, and water.


    Dennis Township, New Jersey
    August 17, 2004

    This ordinance requires that tethers be at least 15 feet long, be lightweight, remain tangle free, and attach to proper collars or harnesses. Tethers must allow dogs' free movement and access to a doghouse.

    Section 88-13. Chaining or Tethering of Dogs.

    Dogs must be able to move freely when chained or tethered. The size of the tether or chain must be a minimum of 15 linear feet and shall remain tangle free. Dogs must be equipped with properly fitted harness or buckle type collars. The tether or chain shall be constructed of lightweight cable. A doghouse shall be accessible to dogs that are chained or tethered.


    Silver City, New Mexico
    August 25, 2015

    Sec. 6-187 Restraint and Confinement of Animals.

    (C) Prohibited tethering. It is unlawful for any person to keep an animal on unenclosed premises or to chain, stake or tether any animal in a cruel and inhumane manner, including but not limited to:

    (1) A cable/chain that exceeds 1/8th of the dog’s body weight.

    (2) A cable/chain which causes the dog to choke or become entangled.

    (3) Any restraint which prevents the dog from getting adequate food, water or to shelter.

    (4) Any restraint that is too short to allow the dog to sit, stand or lie down in a natural position or does not allow the dog enough area to relieve itself away from the food, water and shelter area.

    (5) No dog shall be tethered to a single point. The only exception shall be short term tethering of working dogs, hunting dogs, search and rescue dogs. In these instances, the dogs may only be tethered in this manner when in the presence of the owner or keeper/guardian or trainer and only for short periods. Any other system used to secure or restrain an animal shall be set up as specified herein for using a trolley system.

    (6) Tie outs: where circumstances warrant and no fencing alternative exists for confining an animal on its owner’s or keeper/guardian’s property, a dog may be secured or restrained by means of a trolley system only if the following criteria are met:

    (a) Only one dog may be secured to each cable run.

    (b) The device must be attached to a pulley on a cable run or trolley of a minimum of ten (10) feet in length; the cable run must be at ground level or at least six (6) feet off the ground.

    (c) The cable/chain must be affixed to the animal by use of a non-abrasive, comfortably fitted collar or harness. Prong type, pinch type or choke collars shall not be used.

    (d) Cable/chain shall be at least ten (10) feet in length unless such length allows the animal to enter onto another’s property, in which case the cable/chain shall be no less than eight (8) feet in length. Ropes shall not be used to secure or restrain a dog. The chain/cable used to secure the animal to the trolley system shall not be of excessive weight appropriate to the size, age and health of the dog.

    (e) The device shall be fastened so that the animal can sit, walk, and lie down comfortably.

    (f) The animal must have accessibility to fresh water, appropriate shelter and fresh food. The area where the animal is confined must be kept free of garbage, feces and debris, and insect infestation which may endanger the animal’s health and safety.

    (g) The owner or keeper/guardian shall be responsible for assuring that the animal is safe from attack by wild or stray animals.


    Catawba County, North Carolina
    (D) Chaining or tethering an animal to a stationary object for a period of time or under conditions that an animal control officer or animal cruelty investigator deems harmful or potentially harmful to the animal. Examples of improper chaining or tethering include, but are not limited to the following:
    (1) Using a length or weight of a chain or tether that is not appropriate for the size, weight and age of the animal. Guidelines for the proper weight and length of chains or tethers can be obtained from the animal shelter or animal control
    (2) Using a chain or tether made of rope, twine, cord or similar material.
    (3) Using a chain or tether that is less than 10 feet in length and/or does not have swivels on both ends. All chains or tethers must be attached to the animal by means of a properly fitting harness or collar of not less than one inch in width.
    (4) Using a chain or tether that exceeds ten percent of the animal’s body weight.
    (5) Allowing an animal to be chained or tethered such that the animal is not confined to the owner’s property or such that the chain or tether can become entangled and prevent the animal from moving about freely, lying down comfortable or having access to adequate food, water and shelter.
    (6) Using a chain as a primary collar. All collars used for the purpose of chaining or tethering an animal must be made of nylon or leather.


    Greenville, North Carolina
    This ordinance outlines what kind of tether may be used.

    c. 4-5. Animal care generally.
    (c) Any chain, leash, or similar device for animal restraint shall be designed and placed to prevent choking or injury to the animal. The restraining device shall be at least ten feet in length and placed on a swivel or on a chain run.


    Surry, North Carolina
    Tie-outs must be 15 feet long.

    Restraint. An animal is under restraint within the meaning of this Ordinance if it
    is:
    1) controlled by means of a chain, leash, trolley or other like device; a. No tie out device shall employ a restraint of less than fifteen (15) feet in length and must have swivels on both ends.
    b. Any chain, tether, or tie out device must be attached to a dog by means of a properly fitting harness or a buckle-type nylon/leather collar measuring not less than one (1) inch in width.
    c. Collars used to attach a dog to a tie out device shall not be a choke type.


    York County, South Carolina
    October 15, 2012


    Sec. 55.19 Restraint Requirements
    1. The owner or keeper of every animal shall keep the animal under restraint at all times. If a responsible adult is physically outdoors with their animal on the property where the owner of the animal resides and the animal is under the owner’s direct control and is obedient to the owner’s commands, this section shall not apply during the duration of the time the animal is under the control of that person.

    2. When a tether is utilized as a primary means of restraint, a responsible adult must be physically outdoors with their animal, and the animal must be under the owner’s direct control. The tether must be at least ten feet in length, have swivels on both ends, and allow the animal to utilize the entire 360 degree circular area designated by the tether. The tether must allow the animal free access to food, water, and shelter.

    3. Any tether must be attached to a properly fitting collar or harness worn by the dog and shall weigh no more than 10% of the dogs estimated body weight.

    4. Tethering does not refer to periods when a dog is walked on a leash or restrained on a trolley system (Sec. 55.01.22). The primary usable trolley runner line must be suspended at least three feet above the animals head, with at least ten feet in length between two pulley stop points. The secondary line attached to animal shall have a rolling trolley freely movable a distance of at least ten feet on the primary trolley line with a spring/shock absorber attachment and swivels at both ends. The trolley system shall allow the animal unrestricted body movement and utilization of the entire area designated by the trolley system, with a minimum of five feet lateral movement for the animal on each side of the primary trolley line, as measured on the ground. The trolly system must allow the animal free access to food, water, and shelter. The trolley system must be of appropriate configuration to prevent escape of the animal, and confine the animal to the owner’s property. The primary trolley line shall be used to restrain only one animal at a time.

    5. All collars used must be made of nylon, leather, or other durable and non-metallic material and must be fitted so as to not cause injury to the animal or embed itself in the animal’s neck.

    6. Use of a chain, choke, or pinch collar as a primary collar is prohibited.

    7. Any animal that is restrained must be a sufficient distance from any other objects or debris so as to prohibit any tangling of the restraint or from extension over an object or an edge that could result in injury or strangulation of the animal.


    Allen, Texas
    Dogs, fowl, and other animals are protected under this law.

    Chapter 3 ANIMALS AND FOWL
    Sec. 3-17. Tying dogs and other animals.
    It shall be unlawful for any person to tie or tether a dog or other animal to a stationary object for a period of time or in a location so as to create an unhealthy situation for the animal or a potentially dangerous situation for a pedestrian as determined by the animal control officer.


    Corsicana, Texas
    October 26, 2015

    CHAPTER 2: ANIMAL CONTROL

    ARTICLE 2.1900 RESTRAINT AND CONFINEMENT
    1.Tying, staking or tethering an animal. Animals may not be tethered to a stationary object as a means of confinement.
    •Any animal permitted to be kept within the City of Corsicana shall not be chained, tied, fastened, or otherwise tethered to any stationary or inanimate object as a means of confinement and restraint to property. First time violators of this provision may be given up to a three (3) day grace period without penalty to correct a violation of this provision. Violators holding a valid fence permit shall be given up to thirty (30) days to complete construction of a fence. Exception from penalty shall not be given in any case where the violation of the provision causes or contributes to the bodily injury of a person or animal. An animal tethered, not having food, not having water, or no [sic] having shelter shall be considered separate offenses under this provision and each violation shall carry a separate penalty.

    Any exceptions due to emergency acts of God must be approved in writing by the Animal Control Officer.
    •A person commits an offense if he uses a chain, rope, tether, leash, cable, or other device to attach an animal to a stationary object or trolley system. This section does not prohibit a person from walking an animal on a handheld leash
    •It is a defense to prosecution under this section that:
    •The animal is being tethered during a lawful animal event, veterinary treatment, grooming, training, or law enforcement activity; or
    •The animal tethering is required to protect the safety or welfare of a person or the animal and the animal’s owner maintains direct supervision of the animal.


    Lubbock, Texas

    March 8, 2006

    This ordinance prohibits the use of tethers that are less than 10 feet long, that are not equipped with swivel ends, and that do not allow the animal to reach shelter, food, and water. Tethers must not weigh more than one-fifth of the animal’s body weight and must attach to a properly fitted collar or harness rather than to a choke-type collar.

    Section 4-7. Tethering Dogs and Other Animals.
    It shall be unlawful for any person to tie or tether a dog or other animal to a stationary object for a period of time or in a location so as to create an unhealthy situation for the animal or a potentially dangerous situation for a pedestrian as determined by the City Enforcement Agent. The terms “unhealthy situation” and “potentially dangerous situation” shall include, but not be limited to the following:

    (1) To tether any animal in such a manner as to permit the animal access upon any public right-of-way;
    (2) To tether any animal in such a manner as to cause the animal injury or pain or not to permit the animal to reach shelter, food and/or water or otherwise create an unsafe or unhealthy situation;
    (3) To tether any animal in such as manner as to permit the animal to leave the owner's property;
    (4) To tether any animal in an area that is not properly fenced so as to prevent any person or child from entering the area occupied by said animal;
    (5) To tether any pet animal in a manner whereby the animal is subject to harassment, stings or bites from outdoor insects, or attacks by other animals;
    (6) To tether any pet animal with a tether that is less than ten (10) feet in length;
    (7) To tether any animal with a tether that is not equipped with swivel ends;
    (8) To tether any animal in such a manner that does not prevent the animal from becoming entangled with any obstruction, from partially or totally jumping any fence, or from leaving part of its owner’s property.
    (9) To fail to remove waste from the tethered area on a daily basis;
    (10) To tether any animal without using a properly fitted collar or harness;
    (11) To use choke-type collars to tether any animal; or
    (12) To use a tether that weighs more than one fifth (1/5) of the animal’s body weight.


    Richland Hills, Texas
    Sec. 6-80. Tethering animals.
    (a) No unattended animal shall be tethered by any means on any public property such as city parks or utility easements, or public access private property such as undeveloped lots or unfenced yards, or any other plot or tract where the public has unrestricted access.
    (b) Any tethered animal in a restricted access enclosure shall have continuous access to shade and water, and have unrestricted access to a wind and moisture proof shelter.
    (c) Any tethered animal shall be arranged so that the tethering device cannot become tangled around trees, poles or other obstacles and prevent the access to shade, water and shelter.


    Texas City, Texas
    March 7, 2007

    ARTICLE II. – DOGS AND CAT

    Sec. 18-46. – Prohibition against the chaining or tethering of dogs and mandating that dog enclosures must provide 150 square feet of space.
    (a) Any person owning and/or controlling dogs whether vaccinated or unvaccinated licensed or unlicensed, shall not allow said animal to be tied or chained to dog houses, or other stationary objects.
    (b) No person shall, at any time, fasten, chain, or tie any dog or cause such dog to be fastened, chained or tied while such dog is on the dog owner’s property, or on the property of the dog owner’s landlord, or on any property within the limits of the City of Texas City.
    (c) Any dog confined within a fenced yard must have an adequate space for exercise based on a dimension of at least 150 square feet per dog. Provided, further that where dogs are kept or housed on property without a fenced yard, the owner of such dogs or persons have custody of such dogs shall provide an enclosure for such dogs meeting the 150 square foot per dog dimensions. Such enclosure shall be constructed of chain link or similar type materials with all four sides enclosed. The enclosure shall be sufficient height to prevent the dog from escaping from such enclosure. The top of such enclosure shall be covered with materials to provide the dog with shade and protection from the elements.
    (d) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit owners or others walking dogs with a hand held leash.
    (e) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit owners from allowing dogs to be attached to over head runs (i.e. leash or chain attached to an over head wire at least ten feet long, that allows the dog to move unheeded.)
    If any person violates any provision of this section, it shall constitute a misdemeanor and upon conviction shall be subject to a fine in accordance with the general penalties set forth in chapter 1, section 1-7 of the Code of Ordinances.


    Washington, D.C.
    Cruel chaining of dogs prohibited by the District’s “Freedom From Cruelty to Animals Protection Act.”

    Chapter 106, Sec. 2 (b) For the purpose of this section, “cruelly chains” means attaching an animal to a stationary object or a pulley by means of a chain, rope, tether, leash, cable, or similar restraint under circumstances that may endanger its health, safety, or well-being. “Cruelly chains” includes, but is not limited to, the use of a chain, rope, tether, leash, cable, or similar restraint that: (1) Exceeds 1/8 the body weight of the animal; (2) Causes the animal to choke; (3) Is too short for the animal to move around or for the animal to urinate or defecate in a separate area from the area where it must eat, drink, or lie down; (4) Is situated where it can become entangled; (5) Does not permit the animal access to food, water, shade, dry ground, or shelter; or (6) Does not permit the animal to escape harm. (Act 13-418; June 1, 2001)

     

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